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Slightly Harder Style Analysis Practice

Here we analyze Francis Bacon's essay "On Revenge" using Ethos and Pathos. I walk you through the obvious ones to model how we discuss style, but you will have to find more in order to impress me in class.
by

Siggy Abuel

on 28 August 2012

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Transcript of Slightly Harder Style Analysis Practice

Basic Style Analysis Practice
Revenge is a kind of wild justice; which the more man's nature runs to, the more ought law to weed it out. For as for the first wrong, it doth but offend the law; but the revenge of that wrong, putteth the law out of office. Certainly, in taking revenge, a man is but even with his enemy; but in passing it over, he is superior; for it is a prince's part to pardon. And Solomon, I am sure, saith, It is the glory of a man, to pass by an offence.
That which is past is gone, and irrevocable; and wise men have enough to do, with things present and to come; therefore they do but trifle with themselves, that labor in past matters. There is no man doth a wrong, for the wrong's sake; but thereby to purchase himself profit, or pleasure, or honor, or the like. Therefore why should I be angry with a man, for loving himself better than me? And if any man should do wrong, merely out of ill-nature, why, yet it is but like the thorn or briar, which prick and scratch, because they can do no other.
The most tolerable sort of revenge, is for those wrongs which there is no law to remedy; but then let a man take heed, the revenge be such as there is no law to punish; else a man's enemy is still before hand, and it is two for one. Some, when they take revenge, are desirous, the party should know, whence it cometh. This is the more generous. For the delight seemeth to be, not so much in doing the hurt, as in making the party repent.
But base and crafty cowards, are like the arrow that flieth in the dark. Cosmus, duke of Florence, had a desperate saying against perfidious or neglecting friends, as if those wrongs were unpardonable; You shall read (saith he) that we are commanded to forgive our enemies; but you never read, that we are commanded to forgive our friends. But yet the spirit of Job was in a better tune: Shall we (saith he) take good at God's hands, and not be content to take evil also? And so of friends in a proportion.
This is certain, that a man that studieth revenge, keeps his own wounds green, which otherwise would heal, and do well. Public revenges are for the most part fortunate; as that for the death of Caesar; for the death of Pertinax; for the death of Henry the Third of France; and many more. But in private revenges, it is not so. Nay rather, vindictive persons live the life of witches; who, as they are mischievous, so end they infortunate.
To Believe:
Forgiveness is Noble
Forgiveness is Godly
To Feel:
Shame (Audience)
An Aversion to Revenge (Subject)
I am a pious person
"...Solomon, I am sure saith..."
I am knowledgeable about history
"...take good at God's hands..."
"...as that for the death of Caesar; for the death of Pertinax; for the death of Henry the Third of France; and many more."
I am practical/logical
"That which is past is gone, and irrevocable..."
"...take heed, the revenge be such as there is no law to punish; else a man's enemy is still before hand, and it is two for one."
"Therefore why should I be angry with a man, for loving himself better than me?"
Experienced?
Knowledgable?
Virtuous?
Credentialed?
Good-Intentioned?
Gosh, I feel like a jerk.
Hmm, that revenge thing doesn't sound like it's in my best interest.
"...wise men have enough to do..."
"...therefore they do but trifle with themselves, that labor in past matters."
"...base and crafty cowards..."
"...but in passing it over, he is superior; for it is a prince's part to pardon."
"...the revenge of that wrong, putteth the law out of office."
"...the more ought law to weed it out."
"Public revenges are for the most part fortunate..."
"...they are mischievous, so end they infortunate."
"...else a man's enemy is still before hand, and it is two for one."
Feelings towards the subject?
Feelings towards the author?
Feelings towards themselves?
Feelings towards the actions?
Feelings towards beliefs?
Feelings towards the situation?
Feelings towards the environment?
Feelings towards the past, present, or future?
To Think:
Revenge is bad for you
Revenge is bad for society
Read the essay by Francis Bacon and identify and explain what rhetorical strategies he uses to convey his primary claim(s).
Read the essay by Francis Bacon and identify and explain what rhetorical strategies he uses to characterize those that would take revenge.
Read the essay by Francis Bacon and identify and explain what rhetorical strategies he uses to convey his values.
Don't Take Revenge
To Think:
Revenge is bad for you
Revenge is bad for society
To Understand:
No one does harm for the sake of it
Forgiving is better
To Believe:
Forgiveness is Godly
To Understand:
No one harms for the sake of it
Don't Take Revenge!
Abuel Sez: High Five for Learning!!!
How we use our words is similar to how we wear our clothes...
Sometimes we dress oddly in order to push the limits of expression, or to stand out...
Sometimes we dress in an attempt to express our distinct personalities...
Sometimes we dress for safety, or need...
Sometimes we dress to express unity and make clear which side we are on...
Analyzing Style is looking for the intention and beliefs behind the words and what they are trying to communicate apart from the denotative meaning of the words.
Step One: Read the Prompt.
Step Two: Read the Passage for Understanding
Step Three:
Determine His Main Arguments/Purpose
Step Four: Look for Ethos
Step Five: Look for lines that aim at audiences feelings.
Step Six:
Pick Modes, Word Choices, Syntactical Structures, Tropes, and anything else that is seemingly dancing around his main points. Whichever of these you can tie to his purpose/message, credibility, or his aims at his audiences feelings is worth mentioning.
Everything that is apart from the main point are strategies to get it from one person's head to another. The three big highways to another head is through Ethos (Ears, Eyes to Brain), Logos (Ears to Brain), and Pathos (Heart to Brain).
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