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Greek Mythology

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by

Amanda Corley

on 29 October 2012

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Transcript of Greek Mythology

The Beginning Titans Powerful Goddesses Powerful Gods Lesser Gods Zeus
The Gods

Gods did not create the universe.
First, there was Chaos.
Then, out of the darkness, the first creatures who had the
appearance of life were Heaven (Uranus) & Earth (Gaea).

Their children were the Titans.
Titans were parents of the gods (The Olympians). Cronus (Saturn)
Father of Zeus
Rhea (mother of Zeus)
Ocean
Hyperion
Atlas
Prometheus

They were all very large and very strong!
They were eventually overthrown by the Olympians! Greek Mythology Hestia Apollo By: CCHS 9th Grade Team Mount Olympus Place of perfect peace
Not the same as Heaven
Where the 12 Olympians live
The gods and goddesses eat ambrosia and drink nectar Roman Name: Jupiter
Symbols: Thunderbolt, eagle, oak tree
Realm and Powers:
Ruler of the sky, clouds, and thunderbolts
Has more power than all other gods combined
Infamous for his many love affairs and bad temper
Family:
Brother of Poseidon and Hades
Married to Hera, but has had many affairs and many illegitimate children Poseidon Roman Name: Neptune
Symbols: Trident, bulls, horses
Realm and Powers:
Ruler of the water, earthquakes, and horses
Second most powerful god, next to Zeus
Known for being a moody god
Commonly called "The Earth-Shaker"
Decides whether or not the sea will be calm or storming
Family:
Brother of Zeus and Hades
Married to Amphitrite and has one son, Triton (in the Odyssey, Poseidon is also father of Cyclops). Hades Roman Name: Pluto
Symbols: helmet of invisibility, two-pronged spear, black animals
Realm and Powers:
Ruler of the Underworld
God of the dead, also known as the god of the sleeping and dreaming.
Considered to be extremely violent
Family:
Jealous brother of Zeus and Poseidon
Kidnapped Persephone and made her his queen
He tricked her into eating a pomegranate which meant she was never able to fully leave the Underworld. Roman Name: Vesta
Symbol: Hearth, home, fire
Realm or Powers:
Goddess of the hearth and home
Represents personal and communal happiness
Considered the kindest and mildest of the gods
Family:
Daughter of Cronos and Rhea
Sister of Zeus Hera Roman Name: Juno
Symbols: Cow and peacock
Realm or Powers:
Goddess of marriage
Due to her unfaithful husband, Hera was known for torturing his lovers.
Family:
Married to Zeus
Her children include Ares, Hebe, Hephaestus, and Ilithyia Athena Roman Name: Minerva
Symbols: Olive tree and owl, aegis
Realm or Powers:
Goddess of wisdom
Acts as guardian to heroes and provides protection
Taught men to use tools and weapons, taught women to spin and weave
Family:
Daughter of Zeus alone
Born fully grown and in armor from Zeus' head
Never married, never had children Aphrodite Roman Name: Venus
Symbols: mrytle tree, dove, swan, sparrow
Realm or Powers:
Goddess of love and beauty
The Three Graces are her attendants
Although beautiful, she was known for being manipulative.
Family:
Daughter of Zeus and Dione
Her husband is Hephaestus
Her son is Cupid Artemis Roman Name: Diane
Symbols: Cypress tree and deer
Realm or Powers:
Goddess of the hunt and moon
Carries a silver bow and arrows
Protector of youth
Ruled over untamed places on Earth
Family:
Daughter of Leto and Zeus
Twin sister of Apollo Roman Name: Apollo
Symbols: laurel, dolphin, lyre
Realm or Powers:
God of music, poetry, light, truth, and medicine
Most handsome of all the gods
He drove his chariot across the sky to pull the sun up each day.
Has never told a lie
Family:
Son of Leto and Zeus
Twin brother of Atremis
Has a son named Patheon Ares Roman Name: Mars
Symbols: The vulture and dog
Realm or Powers:
God of war
Considered the cruelest of the gods
Displayed the worst of humanity's traits
Family:
Son of Hera (and possibly Zeus)
Neither parent liked Ares
Had an adulterous relationship with Aphrodite Hermes Roman Name: Mercury
Symbols: Winged sandals, low helmet, a magic wand (Caduceus)
Realm or Powers:
Messenger god (delivered messages for Zeus)
Guided people to the Underworld
Also very mischievous and considered a master thief
Family:
Son of Maia and Zeus Hephaestus Roman Name: Vulcan
Symbols: None
Realm or Powers:
God of fire
Makes armor and beautiful jewelry for the gods
Ugly and has a noticeable limp (caused by Hera or Zeus throwing him off of Mount Olympus)
His forge is under a volcano
Considered one of the kindest gods
Family:
Son of Hera and Zeus
Married Aphrodite on Zeus' order Demeter
Goddess of corn or agriculture
Roman name is Ceres
Symbol is a cornucopia or sheaves of wheat Dionysus
God of wine and revelry
Roman name is Bacchus
Symbol is a pine-cone tipped staff and ivy crown Pan
Origin of "panic"
God of nature and flocks
Roman name is Faun
Symbol is the panpipes Eros
God of love
Son of Aphrodite
Roman name is Cupid
Symbol is a bow and arrow Hebe
Goddess of Youth
Known as the cupbearer
Roman name is Juventas
Symbol is a cup Iris
Goddess of the Rainbow
Also a messenger to the gods
Roman name is Iris
Symbol is a rainbow Three Graces
Goddess of joy and gratitude, and bringers of beauty to young girls
Daughters of Zeus and Eurynome
Splendor is Aglaia
Mirth is Euphrosyne
Good Cheer is Thalia Three Fates
Goddess of Destiny
Spinner is Clotho
Disposer of Lots is Lachesis
Cutter is Atropos Nine Muses
Goddesses of song, poetry, and the arts and science
History is Clio
Comedy is Thalia
Tragedy is Melpomene
Dance is Terpsichore
Lyric Poetry is Euterpe
Epic Poetry is Calliope
Love Poetry is Erato
Astronomy is Urania
Songs to the gods is Polyhymnia Nereus
Called "the old man of the sea"
Married to Doris
Had 50 daughters known as the Nereids Triton
Called "the trumpeter of the sea"
Son of Poseidon Aeolus
God of the Winds
North wind is Boreas
South wind is Notus
East wind is Eurus
West wind is Zephyrus Nymphs
Goddesses of nature
Usually depicted as beautiful women
Sea Water nymphs are Oceanids
Water nymphs (brooks and streams) are Naiads
Mountain nymphs are Oreads
Tree nymphs are Dryads Final Thoughts
This unit will focus on the belief in gods and goddesses who influence human activity. Many of the myths we will read teach us how certain natural events came to be as well as how certain "heroes" we assisted by the gods in order to complete their destiny.
Full transcript