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Transcript of Uluru
What is Uluru? What type of landform is it and how was it formed? In what type of environment is it found? What are the features of this type of environment?
Uluru is a massive rock in the middle of Australia owned by the aboriginal people who call themselves anangu, The aboriginals consider Uluru sacred because their ancestors were there before the European settlers and have lived there for a very long time. Uluru is made out of Made of arkosic sandstone, Uluru rises 348 meters above the desert floor. The type of environment that uluru is found in a sand desert. Sand deserts are very hot and are very sandy.
When and why did its name change? Who is responsible for its management? When/Why was the township of Yulara created?
Uluru was first named ‘Ayers Rock’ by Ernest Giles, a European explorer who first sighted the rock in 1872.The first tourists arrived in the Uluru area in 1936. uluru was named ayers rock by the explorers and they named it ayers rock in honour of political figures of the time. in the 1920s the commonwealth and Australian government declared that the area is a park. the name was changed by the anangu people from ayers rock to uluru.
Which indigenous group are the traditional owners of the area? What is ‘Tjukurpa’? Why is it important to these people and to the management of Uluru?
The traditional owners of uluru were the anangu people.Tjukurpa is the foundation of Anangu life and society, tjukrpa is the creation period, where there stories come from, they did not write down these stories but memorized them, the stories are important to the people because it is what they believe and how they thought the world was created, it is also important to the management of uluru because when tourists come the anangu tell them their stories. One of these stories is the dream time story if you dont remember it here it is in the next part
Why is Uluru important on a national scale? What benefits does tourism provide?
Uluru is important on national scale because it shows people around Australia different tribes and beliefs and shows them who was actually the first people to live in Australia.
It provide good tourism because people are interested in other peoples beliefs and they are also interested in how the rock was formed and where it came from.
What is being done to manage the Uluru/Kata Tjuta National Park now? What programs are in place to protect and regenerate the area? How are wildfires prevented?
The council are doing patch burning to protect vegetation for animals, they are also thinking about putting up fences so that people cant climb uluru. Wildfires are being provented by the wildfire period that usually starts in September with fires commonly ignited by the lightning strikes.
How many people climb Uluru each year? Is the area being managed effectively? Why do the traditional owners ask tourists not to climb? Should people climb the rock? How could people be persuaded not to climb?
400,000 people visit uluru each year and about 1025 climb it. The traditional owners say not to climb it because it is disrespectful to their ancestors. People could be persuaded not to climb uluru if the traditional owners tell them that it is disrespectful to them.
Dream time story
The long-necked turtle and the echidna were two best friends.
The echidna had a baby. Turtle and Echidna lived together near the billabong. They went hunting and shared their food together.One day they ran out of food. Echidna told her friend Turtle to look after her baby while she went out hunting for food. Turtle replied, “Yes, I will look after your baby while you go out hunting.” So Echidna went out. Turtle stayed to wait with the baby.
After a long time had passed, Turtle was wondering what had happened to her friend Echidna. Turtle was getting very hungry. She couldn’t wait for Echidna to return with food from hunting, so she ate Echidna’s baby.
Then Echidna came back. She gave some of her food to Turtle and asked her, “Where’s my baby?”Turtle said, “I’m sorry, but I ate your baby because I was so very hungry.”So Echidna told Turtle, “Wait here while I go and get some stones.” But Turtle didn’t wait. She went to get some spear grass. Echidna threw the stones at Turtle, and the stones stuck on Turtle’s back. Turtle threw the spear grass at Echidna, and the spears stuck on Echidna’s back. And they fought all day. So the stones formed into a hard shell on Turtle’s back. The spears formed into spines on Echidna’s back.
After that Turtle told Echidna, “I will go and live in the billabong and never see you again.”Echidna told Turtle, “And I will go and live in the escarpment country, and I’ll never see you again.”
This is how the long-necked turtle got her hard shell on her back, and the echidna got her spines on her back. And this is why the turtle and the echidna live in separate places.
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