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Copyright in K-12 Schools
Transcript of Copyright in K-12 Schools
Copyright protection doesn't require an application. If you take a photograph of an Elvis sighting, you own the copyright on that photograph immediately.
Source: U.S. Copyright Office, “Frequently Asked Questions About Copyright” Example:
This photo is from the U.S. National Archives, and belongs in the Public Domain Copyright on Works for Hire If you have been hired to develop curriculum, write an article or create an online course, your employer owns the copyright for the work.
Source: U.S. Copyright Office, “Copyright Basics” Copyright for Educators The legal term “Fair Use” allows educators to use copyrighted material for a specific instructional purpose without requesting permission given four criteria:
1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes
2. The nature of the copyrighted work
3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work
Source: U.S. Copyright Office, Title 17, U.S. code sections 107-118 Making copies for student use Make one copy per student of the following:
“250-1000 rule” for written works*:
250 words of a poem
1000 words or 10% of a longer work (whichever is less)
“5-15 rule” for photographs and illustrations:
No more than 5 images/photographs from a single artist
No more than 15 images or 10% from a photographic collection
*Note: These rules apply to copyrighted works only. Material designated as being in the public domain is free from copyright restriction. Using the Internet Images can be taken from the internet for educational purposes, such as a presentation
BUT…you cannot repost them on the internet
If you post copyrighted images or presentations online for students, make sure the site is password protected and not available to anyone on the internet Using Video Copyrighted videos can be shown in a class for specific educational purposes.
Videos must be purchased or rented legally and cannot be shown simply for entertainment.
Videos can be embedded into an online course for the temporary duration necessary for the educational purpose, and as long as the course is password-protected (i.e., not available to everyone on the internet). Using Software Software must not be pirated (copied illegally)
Software must only be installed on one machine per license Student projects Students can use the following in multimedia projects:
the same amount of written text that teachers can use
10% maximum of a copyrighted video
30 seconds maximum of a copyrighted musical work Library Archives Librarians can make up to three copies of materials that are torn, damaged, lost or stolen
Copyright information must be included and visible F.A.Q. Can I compile and disseminate a reading packet from copyrighted sources for students to read?
No, you can only make single copies for a one-time, spontaneous educational purpose. You cannot create a compilation.
Can I photocopy workbooks?
No, you may not copy workbooks. They fall under the category of “consumables,” which can’t be reproduced.
Can I scan books or lengthy journal articles for students to read online if my website is password protected?
No, you still must adhere to the “250-1000 rule” when it comes to digitally scanning material.
Source: U.S. Copyright Office, Copyright Act (1976) and the handout “Copyright and Fair Use Guidelines for Teachers” Avoiding copyright infringement Ensure that materials on your course website are in compliance with copyright law and are password-protected
Post links to copyrighted materials for students to access on the web, when possible
Use images from Creative Commons in presentations and projects
Ensure that students are in compliance with copyright restrictions before posting video projects on YouTube Where can I find more information? “Copyright and Fair Use Guidelines for Teachers.” A chart on copyright and fair use guidelines for K-12 educators. Created by Technology & Learning.
U.S. Copyright Office
Creative Commons Learn – A nonprofit educational resource dedicated to removing barriers to sharing information. Provides copyright licenses and tools for teachers to share their educational resources on the web.
*Links to these documents and more are included in the PowerPoint Presentation listed in the "Resources" portion of the Copyright page.