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Natchez Group Project

on 7 June 2013

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Dwellings The Natchez lived in Mississippi and Louisiana. They had several villages throughout Mississippi and Louisiana. Villages Each Village had: Its own temple on top of a mound A village square where sporting events and ceremonies took place Houses The Natchez lived in well built adobe houses. Houses The Natchez lived in well built adobe houses with thatched roofs. Houses were arranged around the village square. 1 family per house peach tees around the houses They were part of a mound building culture WHERE? The Natchez had a large territory that stretched throughout the Mississippi Valley. They were farmers who had villages along both sides of the Mississippi river. Village Square Bibliography Art Known for their pottery, baskets, and woodcarvings. They wore much of their art. Face painting was common for special occasions. Trade Creation Story Religion Politcal Structure and Leadership Survival Social Structure Coyocop-Chill is a main spirit in the Natchez indian religion. Coyocop-Chill:
created the first man by sculpting the human from clay. The Sun? The man told the Natchez about a great form of government. Bibliography: http://arkarcheology.uark.edu/indiansofarkansas/index.html?pageName=The%20Natchez%20Indians The Natchez community consisted of 6,000 people who were split up in to 9 villages. "Emerald Mound Site -- National Register of Historic Places Indian Mounds of Mississippi Travel Itinerary." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 June 2013. <http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/travel/mounds

"Facts for Kids: Natchez Indians." Orrin's Website. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 June 2013. <http://www.bigorrin.org/natchez_kids.htm>.

"Natchez (people) -- Encyclopedia Britannica." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 June 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/404149/Natchez>.

"The Natchez Indians." Backyard Nature with Jim Conrad. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 June 2013. <http://www.backyardnature.net/loess/ind_natz.htm>. Their religion was idolized
by the sun.
A fire that kept burning in
a temple was a way to
represent their religion.
The chief was known as the Great Sun. The cult of the sun was represented as the official symbol.
All fires in their village were allowed to die once a year on the eve of the midsummer Green Corn ceremony or also known as Busk. When a Sun passed away, they would perform a ritual human sacrifice.
Also, when a male Sun died, his wife would have to accompany him by committing a ritual suicide. 1700, the Natchez occupied a territory that covered only an area roughly between Fairchilds Creek, and Mississippi. "Natchez people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 June 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natchez_people
Barnett, Jim. " The Natchez Indians | Mississippi History Now." Mississippi History Now. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 June 2013. <http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/index.php?id=4>.
Nelson, Stanley. "The Concordia Sentinel." The Concordia Sentinel. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 June 2013. <http://concordiasentinel.com/news.php?id=4466> Work Cited Page Who has power? How are tribal decisions made? What role do religious leaders play in decisions? Works Cited http://www.nati"The Natchez and the French." Native American Netroots::. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.nativeamericannetroots.net/diary/1110/the-natchez-and-the-french>.veamericannetroots.net/diary/1110/the-natchez-and-the-french In 1729, French Commandant de Chopart told the Natchez Sun of the town of White Apple:
"Between thy race and mine are no kindred ties; nor do I parley with any of your race. Let it suffice you, that when I command, you must obey" (www.nativeamericannetroots.net). - One of the oldest and continually used form of government in world history. 4 primary clan mothers
Also called:
*vlektv etske
*law keepers
*the four mothers
- responsible for maintaining the
tribe and judicial functions Tribal affairs:
1. "Uncunv Cunv Yvmvsee"
(Principal Peace Chief) aka. Great Sun.
2. "Uncunv Cunv Tvstunvke"
(Principal War Chief) aka. First Warrior or Second Chief {Power rather than Persuasion} The Great Sun- religious and civil chief (leader) of the Natchez tribe. [Different than the other Native American tribes.] [Had absolute power!] Political decisions:
- When an issue involved the whole nation, the Great Sun made an ultimate decision which was looked over by a council of respectable men. Pottery The Great Sun was the religious leader and civil chief so the same decision making aspects apply to the role of religious leaders in the Natchez tribe. "History of the Natchez People." History of the Natchez People. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.natcheznation.com/About-Us.html>.

"Natchez People." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 31 May 2013. Web. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natchez_people>. "The Natchez Indians:." The Natchez Indians. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.backyardnature.net/loess/ind_nat2.htm>. "The Natchez Indians." Mississippi History Now. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/index.php?id=4>. The Natchez Indians traded with the Chickasaw, Choctaw, Yazoo, Tunica, Avoyel, Taensa, Koroa, Bayougoula, Houma, and Chitimacha. They also had other, more distant contacts with the Caddo, in the Red River Valley, and the Creeks and Cherokees, in the southern Appalachian Mountains. Baskets Clothing Bibliography "Facts for Kids: Natchez Indians." Orrin's Website. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 June 2013. <http://www.bigorrin.org/natchez_kids.htm>. The Natchez Trace, a 440-mile-long path extending from Natchez, Mississippi to Nashville, Tennessee, was used as a trade route in the in the late 1700s and the early 1800s. They traded up and down Mississippi. They traded salt. Bibliography http://redbonenation.com/961/ http://images.ask.com/fr?q=natchez+indians&desturi=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.upress.state.ms.us Two people were made a man and a woman. they were so bright they seemed to have come from the sun. The man taught the Natchez about how they should organize their government and society. After the man's death they developed the Sun Lineage (government)! Historians believed the Natchez stories to literally sometimes believed to have come from Mexico? Nope! Pages 22 and 23 of The Natchez Indians by Jim Barnett. By: Jessica Leon The Natchez Indians Sabrina Fletcher - Dwellings
Devynne Honsa - Art
G-Hyun Kim - Trade
Jessica Leon - Creation Story
Ana Martinez - Religion Story
Matthew Richards- Political Structure and Leadership
Michaela Borovac- Survival
John Mook- Social Structure To show their power, some kings would reside on top of mounds. Mounds Most of the mounds were rectangular in shape and had a flat top. They ranged from 8-60 feet high and 60-770 feet wide at the base Some kings built houses on top of these mounds. Similar to the other houses I have described, their houses were made of wooden posts that were covered in mud plaster and had thatched roofs. This picture is not specifically the Natchez Indians. However, it does show how the houses would be placed on top of mounds and depicts how these structures would enforce the king's power. By: Matthew Richards Proved and
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