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Children Beggars in India

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Luane Mattos

on 7 May 2013

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Transcript of Children Beggars in India

CHILDREN BEGGARS IN INDIA IZABELLA SILVA MATOS AND LUANE PEREIRA MATTOS INDIA Republic of India;
Second-largest country by population;
Population (2013): 1.27 billion;
Male: 655.8 million;
Female: 614.4 million;
FACT: 50% of India's current population are between 0 - 25 years old;
2000 - 2012: the country registered a growth of 8% per year, but:
37% of its population survive below the absolute poverty line;
77% of the population lives in poverty;
41.6% is the percentage of poor in the country (World Bank 2005) About India The main challenges of the country: distribution of income and opportunities;
Some 360 million Indians live on less than 56 cents a day;
Direct distribution of food, fuel and fertilizer by the government became fails, due to corruption and the diversion of cargoes delivery;
70% of the beneficiaries were not poor and truly needy, and many of the items distributed were diverted to the black market. (Asian Development Bank). About India why? Extreme poverty;
Marginality. Who exploit them? Parents;
Third parties:
Informal networks;
Organized criminal gangs, etc. Stolen Children Most of them are between 2 - 8 years old;
Report about stolen children (India's Human Rights Commission):
Working as cheap forced labor in illegal factories, establishments and homes;
Exploited as sex slaves;
Forced into the child porn industry;
Child beggar;
Victims of illegal adoptions;
Forced marriages;
Victims of organ trade;
Grotesque cannibalism. Beggar Mafia How do they act? Kidnapping;
Purchase;
Rent;
Steal new-born babies from hospitals;
Fake social workers;
Corrupt doctors:
In 2007, Indian news channel CNN-IBN conducted an undercover investigation of the doctor-beggar mafia connection. Three doctors working in government hospitals in Delhi were filmed by hidden camera striking a deal with the beggar mafia. They were kept for months in confined spaces or even in barrels or under beds;
Deprived of food and water. The deal The cruelty Mutilated;
Limbs amputation;
Disfigured with acid;
Blinded;
Not fed;
Pouring chili pepper on a child's tongue, to give the appearance of impeded speech;
The use of opium to elicit cries;
Administering forced injections of drugs that will increase a child's energy and alertness;
After being abducted, the children are taught begging techniques:
Most appropriate place to beg;
The kind of people one should approach;
The kind of dialogues;
Mannerisms that would make everyone sympathize. "Thousands of cases of child abduction and forced [begging] don't see the light of the day. The children belong to all economic sections. It is unfortunate that instead of schools they have to beg on the roads and nobody talks about them." (Swami Agnivesh, a child-rights activist from New Delhi) "So that they cry continuously, enticing passers-by to give them money" How they survive? Children beggars do not get to keep their takings;
They have to hand them over to the group controlling their area at the end of every day.
On average, a beggar earns 2-3 dollars;
They get food in temples and masjids;
They sleep in public places; Why don't they run away? Some cases The boy Okkhoy Aamir Mohini Nerurkar Happy End for Raj Rani Not only children… Adults are also kidnapped and forced into begging;
Enticing empathy among potential contributors:
Their limbs are amputated;
They are disfigured with acid;
Sometimes blood vessels are stitched to block blood supply to parts of the body, bringing about gangrene. Beggars Children around the World South Africa (África do Sul)
Babies are rent from crèche ($3 per day) or directly from their mothers;
Older children's legs are sometimes broken, so they can appear smaller;
Smaller children garner more sympathy;
Sometimes, children are drugged, so that they appear sick;
Yield nearly $70 per day;
Senegal
Parents send their young boys to daraas (Quranic schools run by religious leaders to educate the boys in religion and academics)
Instead of being taught and nurtured, they are forced onto the streets for long hours to beg for money;
These schools collect up to $60,000 per year from the children. Alternatives found By the Government The new Indian program intends to give small amounts of money to poor families to buy basic necessities inspired by the Brazilian program "Bolsa Família".
And correct the flawed food distribution program that removes the government coffers about $ 14 billion per year, equivalent to 1% of the country's annual GDP.
The Bombay Beggary Prevention Act (1959):
It makes begging illegal;
Butthe law has not been effective;
The Delhi government is considering an official ban on begging
Imposition of a $25 fine on those found giving money to beggars By police Corrupt officers (complaints to the police are pointless);
Instead of help, the police intimidate and punish beggars;
Children beggars pay bribes to the police to avoid prison;
Stories of beatings by authorities are not unusual. By Population Poverty can be reduced by admitting really orphans in hostels
Do not give money, just talk and ask if they are ready to join hostel, there they will get free:
Food;
Shelter;
Clothes;
Education.
Do not urge much with organizers as they are as a group and you will be in trouble;
If organizers gets loss in child begging business automatically they will stop doing this business with kids so. By ONGs The governments and others with a duty to protect children’s rights should adopt the following recommendations as a matter of priority:
1. Adequate legislation is in place to protect children who are forced to beg, and that these laws are enforced.
2. Remove these children immediately from harm and placed in a safe and caring environment with appropriate educational and rehabilitative support.
3. Prioritise investing in quality, affordable and accessible education for all.
4. Prevention work among families and local communities should form a central plank of all interventions.
5. A range of training programmes particularly for police and social workers are needed to help them to respond sensitively to the particular needs of these children.
6. Raise awareness among the general public that the money they give may be handed over to others who are exploiting these boys and girls.
7. Efforts to improve the lives of children begging, including support with healthcare and education, can also offer ways to help identify and remove from harm children who are forced to beg by violent or other coercive means. Considerations And, despite India’s economic boom, the future looks bleak for millions of the nation’s children. What do you think could be done? Currently, there are about 51 births in India in a minute. If the mafia finds, the children are:
Beaten;
Tortured;
Killed. Or they are drug addicts:
Gang leaders get them addicted to drugs, like cocaine;
Their part of begging are used to buy more drugs. When his mum found him, he was hardly recognizable because of all the blood. This young boy survived and now is the key witness in a national investigation and case building against the gang members in question. A 7 year old Bangladeshi boy was brutally mutilated by gang members because he refused to beg for them on the streets. The boy was hit in the head with a brick, had his throat slit, had his torso slit vertically and horizontally, and then had most of his genitalia cut off. Fleeing a violent, drunken father in rural India — his mother had died years before — the12­year­old had sneaked on to a train bound for the city. And when he got there, he hoped to make his fortune.Aamir was penniless and bewildered. He started begging for food, within minutes, a couple emerged from the crowd and approached him. They gave him cakes and said they’d take him away to start a better life. Fleeing a violent, drunken father in rural India — his mother had died years before — the12­year­old had sneaked on to a train bound for the city. And when he got there, he hoped to make his fortune.Aamir was penniless and bewildered. He started begging for food, within minutes, a couple emerged from the crowd and approached him. They gave him cakes and said they’d take him away to start a better life. ‘I thought they were maybe social workers or religious people’ Mohini Nerurkar, 33, agrees with Flintoff’s assessment. After giving birth to a boy last week, she was recovering at the city’s Sion municipal hospital when a woman posing as a social worker in a neat yellow sari asked if she could examine the baby. Glad of a break, Mohini went to wash her four­day­old son’s nappy. But when she returned, her baby had been taken. The ‘social worker’ is believed to have been part of a gang which steals babies for the beggar mafia. ‘The mother shouldn’t have spoken to a stranger,’ says hospital physician Dr Sandhya Kamat. A year after her now eight­year­old daughter disappeared, Raj Rani saw a rag­clad little girl begging outside a temple in Amritsar in India's northern state of Punjab. "My neighbour pointed out that the girl resembled Priya. I stopped and stared at her. My heart was pounding as I recognized her," said Mrs Rani, who had suffered from depression after she lost her daughter. She called her husband and other relatives, who arrived soon after, and then approached the girl, who did not initially recognize her mother. "I ran towards Priya ­ the beggars grew suspicious and became alert. However, I caught hold of the child, who had started crying. I told her that I was her real mother and had lost her. Then she quickly clung on to me." They never really get old. They just get replaced with new ones — and cast out on to the street to become beggars or die. That’s the way life is here — it never changes.
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