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The Four Main Causes of WWI

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Mandi Harding

on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of The Four Main Causes of WWI

Nationalism
Nationalism
is
exalting one nation above all others
and
promoting its culture and interests
as opposed to those of other nations.
Militarism
Militarism
is when a country uses
military methods or force
to
gain power
and to achieve its goals.
The Alliance System

An
alliance system
is a
group of nations
and/or people that
work together.
Imperialism
Imperialism
is a policy or practice by which a country
increases its power by gaining control
over other areas of the world.
Imperialism today...
While imperialism, as seen in WWI, is not evident as much now, we still see examples of cultural imperialism.

Ex.
- The spread of McDonald's worldwide
- Western culture's influence

Also...
- China illegally occupying Tibet
- US presence in the Middle East



Nationalism today...
- Think about how proud you are to be an American. Patriotism is one element of nationalism.

- However, sometimes nationalism inspires hatred of other nations and people groups. One example would be the social strife in Rwanda between Hutu and Tutsi tribes.
The Alliance System today...
The United States has several powerful allies including Great Britain, Canada, Australia, Japan, Brazil, the Philippines, and Morocco.

Another example of the alliance system is the formation of cliques in middle school.
(example)
"Jordan HATES Alicia and because Ty is Jordan's best friend, she also hates Alicia so both seek to push Alicia out of their social circle."
Militarism today...
- The United States Armed Forces is one of the largest militaries in the world.

- In 2005, the United States had 737 military bases in foreign countries.

- As of 2013, the U.S. spends about $554.2 billion annually to fund its military forces.

- Put together, the U.S. constitutes roughly 39 percent of the world's military spending.

The Four Main Causes of WWI
World War I will forever be a black spot on the progressive 20th century.

Other names for World War I
The Great War
The War to End All Wars
The First World War
World War I
(1914-1919)
1. Nationalism
3. Militarism
4. Imperialism
2. The Alliance System
Nationalism in WWI
- In the Austria-Hungarian empire, there was growing
nationalism
amongst Southern Slavs and fear of war because of Serbian nationalists. The Archduke of the Austria-Hungarian empire is assassinated by Serbian nationalists and Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
Fifth deadliest conflict in world history
Imperialism in WWI
- Britain became very wealthy because of their imposed imperialism in countries like Australia and India. Germany and Austria-Hungary hoped to become wealthy like the British, but were hindered because of exclusive British trading.
The Alliance System in WWI
- When Serbian nationalists assassinated the Archduke of Austria-Hungary, Germany declared war against Serbia because Germany was allied with A-H. In response, Russia declared war on Germany.
Militarism in WWI
- By the 1880's, all major powers have stockpiled thousands of weapons in an arms race and by 1914 every major player in WWI had a hefty supply of soldiers, arms, naval reinforcements, and heavy machinery like tanks.
Catalysts of WWI
1. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
2. Escalating Violence
In response to the assassination of their Archduke, Anti- Serb riots were held in Sarajevo, Croatia, and Herzegovina. Many of the rioters were sentenced to prison and 460 Serbs were sentenced to death by the Austria-Hungarian empire.
3. The July Crisis
The three
catalysts
of WWI were:

1. The assassination of
Archduke Franz Ferdinand

2. The escalation of violence in Herzegovina and Bosnia

3. The July Crisis
Catalyst
: a person or thing that causes an event or change
Bosnia was an Austrian province with a large population of Serbs. The Serbs believed that Bosnia should be a part of Serbia and a secret society known as the Black Hand, thought the best way to do this would be to assassinate the Archduke.

On June 28, 1914, in the Bosnian capital of Sarajevo, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and his wife Sophie were assassinated by a young Serbian terrorist named Gavrilo Princip.


Gavrilo Princip
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
The summer of 1914 was a turbulent time in Europe. Because of the growing tension, alliances form and nations begin to declare war on each other.

Austria-Hungary Serbia
Serbia Austria-Hungary
Russia Austria-Hungary
Germany Russia
France Germany
Great Britain Germany


United States??
America will not join the war until
April 6, 1917
. But even though we will not fight until then, the U.S. becomes a major supplier of the Allied powers, Great Britain, France and Russia.

WWI represented the climax in the Progressive Era Movement in the U.S. because
President Woodrow Wilson
claimed that it would bring reform and democracy to the world.
Full transcript