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1776-1861 U.S. History Timeline
Transcript of 1776-1861 U.S. History Timeline
1776 Declaration of Independence
The declaration made a point of no return for americans. People were forced to take sides in the struggle between Patriots and Loyalists. It stated "The principles of government that form the basis for American democracy, & its inspiration to other freedom movement.
1787 Constitution Convention In Philadelphia
THe government made a convention in Philadelphia. they drafted a a new plan, the United states constitution. It was ratified in 1788, the constitution defined a plan of government with checks & balances between three branches. the Bill of Rights, the ten amendments the freedom of individual Americans.
1794 The Whiskey Rebellion
A lot of protesters, who were farmers, were in a small group for going against new taxes on whiskey in the city of Pennsylvania. Those small groups of farmers took part in attacking tax collectors & burning the barns of people who gave away the location where whiskey was made.
1803 The Louisiana Purchase
The purchase of french land between the Mississippi River & the Rocky Mountains that doubled the size of the U.S.
War Of 1812
A war fought between the U.S. & Britain, it arose from a dispute over american rights to trade with France, Britain's enemy in the Napoleonic Wars, Native Americans efforts, aided by the British, to resist U.S. expansion also played a role in triggering conflict. The war ended with no cear winner.
1819 McCulloch Vs Maryland
In the landmark Supreme Court case (Mcculloch Vs. Maryland), Chief Justice John Marshall sided with the national government on the issue of a national bank. The court's decision made it clear that national interests were to be put above state interests.
1823 Monroe Doctrine
After the former spanish colonies in Latin America won their independence, U.S. leaders were concerned that Britain & other European nations might try to expand their influence in the western hemisphere.
1830 Indian Removal Act
In 1830 president Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which called for the relocation of the five Indian tribes from the southeast to an area west of the Mississippi River. Though the supreme court declared the forced relocation unconstitutional, Jackson refused to follow the court's decision.
1820-1830 Second Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening was a national religious movement that was especially strong in North. Americans attended revivals, embraced religious teachings,m and joined churches in record numbers. New religious denominations, including the Mormon Church, were formed at this time.
1836 The Alamo
Spanish mission in San Antonio, Texas that was the site of a famous battle of the Texas Revolution. But after it closure it had been convention to military use.
1846 Mexican-American War
A dispute over the southern boundary of Texas led to the outbreak of the Mexican-American War in 1846, American forces drove through Mexican defenses & captured Mexico City. Under the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the war in 1848, Mexico was forced to cede more than half a million square miles of land included areas that became the states of Arizona, New Mexico, California.
1848 Seneca Fall Convention
Held in July 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, the Seneca Falls Convention was the country's first women's rights convention. It was organized by Lucretia Mott & Elizabeth Cady Stanton. Stanton wrote the seneca falls declaration, which stated that "all men & women are created equal."
1848 California Gold Rush
In 1848 a carpenter discovered gold in the american river in northern California. people as far away as Asia, south America, & Europe heard the news and headed to california, dreaming of becoming rich
The Compromise of 1850
Henry clay's proposed agreement that allowed California to enter the union as a free state & divided the rest of the mexican Cession into two territories where slavery would be decided by popular sovereignty
1853 The Gadsden Purchase
In return for the territory, the U.S. agreed to pay the mexican government 15 million and drop its claim for the 3 million in damages. In 1853 the gadsden purchase clarified the treaty boundary and transferred more land nto the U.S.
1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act
The republican party began when former members of the Whig, free soil, & democratic parties came together in opposion to the Kansas-Nebraska Act.
1857 The Dred Scott Decision
Dred Scott was an enslaved person owned by Dr. John Emerson, an army surgeon from Missouri. In the 1830s, Emerson brought Scott to Illinois & other free areas of the North. After returning to Missouri, Scott sued for his freedom, arguing that by living where slavery was illegal, he had become free.
1858 Lincoln-Douglas Debates
The debate took place from late august to mid-October. Thousands of people gathered to hear both sides. Douglas spoke dramatically, clenching his fist and speaking. Lincoln challenged douglas in education facts.