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Coptic: A Religious Language

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by

Andrew Milad

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Coptic: A Religious Language

A language confined to religion Coptic: What is Coptic? -Coptic is the native language of Egypt
-The word “Copt” is derived from the Arabic “qibt” a corruption of the greek word for “Egyptian”
-First written in Egyptian-style cuneiform, then heiroglyphics, then finally using revised greek lettering.
-Originated among non-christians, known as “Old Coptic"
-Coptic is currently synonymous with Christianity,
spread globally through Coptic Orthodoxy
- Copts make up 10% of the Egyptian population, sharing with 95% muslim Historical Context 3000BC- Egyptian spoken language becomes hieroglyph.
2600BC- Great Pyramids Built
525BC- Persians conquer Egypt
332BC- Alexander the Great conquers Egypt (Greece)
30BC- Roman occupation. (Cleopatra dies)
3AD- Mary, Joseph and Jesus flee to Egypt
48AD- Christianity introduced to Egypt by St. Mark
300AD- Last use of Hieroglyphics
642AD- Arab conquest of Egypt Current Existence -Virtually obsolete after muslim conquest of Egypt
-replaced with modern Arabic
-Used almost exclusively in religious text
-Synonymous with Christian Egyptians
-Religious decline
-Persecution
-No projects for revitalization save religion
-Monasteries are most prominent in its use Coptic Language Learning Basic Conversation My Father- pa yoat
My Mother- tamav
My Brother- pa son
My Sister- pa soni Religious Context -often times in the religious service, multiple languages are spoken: Arabic, Coptic, and English
-confusing, but lays some groundwork for learning Religious Hymns -Pascha=Holy Week
-Copts on the Alexandrine instead of Gregorian Calendar
Months: Tout, Baba, Hatour, Khiak....
-Christmas on Jan. 7th Persecution -uses primarily greek letter system except for seven new sounds: sh, f, h, j, g, ti, and the "jinkim"
-consists of 30 total letters
-Sahidic, Boharic= most common dilects
- also Akhmimic, Sub-Akhmimic, Fayumic (all regionally named) good morning- na ne ato owi
good evening- na ne egoarh yes- se
no- em mon one- oo ai
two- es nav
three- shomt
four- eftoo
five- etyoo
six- soo
seven- shashf
eight- esh meen
nine- epsiti
ten- meet LA TIMES: http://articles.latimes.com/2013/apr/12/world/la-fg-egypt-worried-copts-20130413 BBC: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/8444851.stm Works Cited Houghton, Herbert Pierrepont. The Coptic Verb, Bohairic Dialect. Leiden: Brill, 1959. Print. Walters, C. C. An Elementary Coptic Grammar of the Sahidic Dialect,. Oxford: Blackwell, 1972. Print. Wilson, R. McL. The Future of Coptic Studies. Leiden: Brill, 1978. Print. "Coptic Language Slide Show (up to First Grade)." YouTube. YouTube, 06 June 2009. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. "Documentary on Coptic Orthodox Parishes in Jerusalem (The Church in Jerusalem)." YouTube. YouTube, 30 Jan. 2013. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. "Egypt Copts Killed in Christmas Church Attack." BBC News. BBC, 01 July 2010. Web. 30 Apr. 2013. "Fr.Mina Essak - Fraction Prayer for Feasts of The Virgin and Angeles - English." YouTube. YouTube, 30 Nov. 2012. Web. 30 Apr. 2013.
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