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Paper Wasps

A Presentation for AMU.
by

Brian Peter

on 17 January 2017

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Transcript of Paper Wasps

Polistes fuscatus
Picture of a hillside in Oak Savanna, C.A.
Image Source: Chaplin, Sue (2015)
Habitat
Picture of wasps mating in nest.
Image Source: Buck (2013)
Who
Females attract males with the venom that is released with sex pheromones.
First generation males leave to scout out other potential mates.
Where
Mating in the nest.
Mating out of the nest.
Who and Where
Paper Wasps
(Umbrella Wasps or Polistes wasp)
Wasps mating season is during the spring and the summer.
Most common during the end of summer when the nest has been abandoned.
Fertile females hatch at the end of summer which then they go on a mating journey.
It takes 1 year for the queen to develop larvae for the oncoming year.
The Timeline
Reproductive Ecology
Wasps mating
Image Source: Perrault (2006)
How Reproduction Happens
While females attract, males initiate
Aggressive behaviors
Female wasps store sperm
Sex determination
Common Names:
Paper Wasps
Umbrella Wasps
Golden Paper Wasps
Northern Paper Wasps
Paper wasps on their nest.
Image Source: Curtis, Paul (n.d.)
Up-close shot of a paper wasp.
Image Source: Sutter-Yuba VCD (n.d.)
Biomes:
Savanna
Grasslands
Forests
Habitat Regions:
Temperate
Terrestrial
Other Favored Habitat Features:
Urban Areas
Suburban Areas
Agricultural Areas
Wasps on their nest outside of a window frame on a building, showing them favoring urban areas.
Image Source: Pest Expert (2012)
Picture of a caterpillar.
Image Source: Raising Butterflies (n.d.)
Types of Food
Flies
Spiders
Caterpillars
Ants
Bees
Other Wasps
Picture of a funnel weaver spider.
Image Source: Hemberger (n.d.)
Picture of a fly.
Image Source: Suterra (n.d.)
The Amount of Food
Eat for themselves
Save for their young
Save for the nest
Handling and Processing
Picture of a wasp transporting food to it's nest.
Image Source: Weathers (n.d.)
Solid for older larvae
Liquid for young larvae
Malaxation for larvae
Paralyze food for females at nest
Foraging Ecology
1. Types of Food

2. Amount of Food

3. Handling and Processing
1. Who and Where

1. How Reproduction Happens

2. The Timeline

Other Behaviors
Wasps tend to go where they see friendly faces.
Explain Maze Research
Female wasps are the only ones who actually have a stinger.
Different wasp faces
Image Source: Handwerk (2011)
Image References
Information References
Buck, M. (2013, July 22). Mating. Retrieved from BugGuide: http://bugguide.net/node/view/809253
Chaplin, S. (2015, April 3). The Oak Savanna. Retrieved from Back Yard Biology: https://bybio.wordpress.com/2015/04/03/the-oak-savanna/
Curtis, P. (n.d.). Paper Wasps Nest. Retrieved from WaspsGone.com: http://www.waspsgone.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Paper_wasps_and_nest.jpg
Handwerk, B. (2013, December 3). Wasps Can Recognize Faces. Retrieved from National Geographic News: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/11/111202-wasps-people-faces-recognition-insects-science-animals/
Hemberger, R. (n.d.). Funnel Weaver Spider. Retrieved from University of California, Irvine: http://mamba.bio.uci.edu/~pjbryant/biodiv/spiders/Agelinidae.htm
Perrault, S. (2006, August 7). Wasps Mating - Polistes fuscatus. Retrieved from BugGuide.net: http://bugguide.net/node/view/87471
Pest Expert. (2012). Wasps. Retrieved from Pest-Expert.com: http://www.pest-expert.com/wasps-24-c.asp
Raising Butterflies. (n.d.). California Tortoiseshell . Retrieved September 16, 2016, from Raising Butterflies: http://www.raisingbutterflies.org/california-tortoiseshell/
Scutter-Yuba. (n.d.). WASPS AND YELLOWJACKETS. Retrieved from Scutter-Yuba Mosquito & Vector Control: http://www.sutter-yubamvcd.org/wasps-and-yellowjackets
Suterra. (n.d.). Flies. Retrieved September 15, 2016, from Suterra: http://suterra.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Bluebotte-fly.jpg
Weathers, M. (n.d.). Common Wasp. Retrieved September 15, 2016, from Arkive.org: http://www.flpa-images.co.uk/bin/FLPA2.dll/go?a=disp&rs=1&pt=1&_m=2&_s=0&_men=submenu_2_0&_yp1=0&usp=0&_spe=0&t=sr-loadersearch.html&searchtext=wasp%20carrying%20food&_sf0=&_sf1=&_sfqcode=&lg=0&ls=0&so=0&si=E0CCB0E37A9E4AD29B221EFB749471&rnd=2740.5.29
Alaspa, B. (2015, August 17). The Truth About Wasp Stings. Retrieved from jcehrlich.com: http://www.jcehrlich.com/blog/the-real-truth-about-wasp-stings/
Borthers, D. (1999). Phylogeny and evolution of wasps, ants and bees (Hymenoptera, Chrysidoidea, Vespoidea and Apoidea). Zoologica scripta, 223.
Evans, H. (1963). Wasp Farm. Ithaca: Cornel University Press.
Everything About. (n.d.). Paper Wasps. Retrieved from Everything About.com: http://www.everythingabout.net/articles/biology/animals/arthropods/insects/wasps/paper_wasp/
Goudarzi, S. (2006, October 25). Oldest Bee Fossil Creates New Buzz. Retrieved from LiveScience: http://www.livescience.com/4255-oldest-bee-fossil-creates-buzz.html
Grewal, K. (2002). Polistes fuscatus. Retrieved from Animal Diversity Web: http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Polistes_fuscatus/
Handwerk, B. (2011, December 3). Wasps Can Recognize Faces. Retrieved from National Geographic: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2011/11/111202-wasps-people-faces-recognition-insects-science-animals/
Ito, Y. (1986). Spring Behaviour of an Australian Paper Wasp, Polistes humilis synoecus : Colony Founding by Haplometrosis and Utilization of Old Nests. Japanese journal of entomology, 191-202.
Lamb, R. (n.d.). How Wasps Work. Retrieved from HowStuffWorks.com: http://animals.howstuffworks.com/insects/wasp2.htm
Meyer, J. R. (2016, March 28). Hymenoptera. Retrieved from General Entomology by NC State University: https://projects.ncsu.edu/cals/course/ent425/library/compendium/hymenoptera.html
Moisset, B. (2005, April 3). Species Polistes fuscatus. Retrieved from BugGuide (Hosted by Iowa State University): http://bugguide.net/node/view/14227
Swimming Pool Wasps. (n.d.). Retrieved from The Firefly Forest: http://fireflyforest.net/firefly/2005/07/12/swimming-pool-wasps/
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