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The Birth of the Middle Ages

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Elisabeth Vandergriff

on 29 February 2016

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Transcript of The Birth of the Middle Ages

The Birth of the Middle Ages
"Woe to thee, Rome, that thou art crushed and trodden down by so many peoples; who has been seized by a northern king, and thy folk slaughtered and thy strength brought to nothing." This is how a monk recounted the collapse of Roman rule and the beginning of a period in European history known as the Middle Ages. It occurred between A.D. 500 and 1400s.
A New Empire
ThInking back:
As we have previously learned the Western roman empire was invaded by peoples from northern Europe.
The Muslims defeated and settled in Spain in 711, and established a Muslim state.
but this was not good enough
tried to conquer the rest of Europe.
Charles Martel
came from a small western european kingdom
his grandson was Charles the great
Charlemagne
Charlemagne
In 800, he arrived in Rome and was crowned by Pope Leo the 3rd
this was proved to be Charlemagne's greatest achievement.
In Aachen he set up a school in Germany and put Alcuin in charge of it.
Charlemagne died in 814
The kingdom he built up was passed on to his son Louis
Louis died
Then Louis' sons divided the kingdom into three parts and Europe was once again disorganized.
Because of all this disorganization along came the vikings...
ABOUT VIKINGS
They came from the Norse Culture which is now Denmark, Norway, and Sweden.
Most were peaceful farmers but others plundered villages, churches, and terrified all of Europe.
Where did all the Vikings/Norsemen go?
They either settled in Present day England or Ireland
Another Norse called Rus conquered Russia
The rest of the Vikings were explorers who settled Iceland, Greenland, and even established colonies in North America
We have all this chaos and what do you think Europe decides to do to develop peace in their country
They created a system called feudalism
Government- A
feudalism
of government
KINGS where
rulers
of the land
kings had land
land was divided into
fiefs
for nobles
When Nobles took an oath of
loyalty
to the king they became Vassals
The fiefs came with peasants that worked the land
they were called
serfs

serfs paid taxes by working the land and paying in crops.
Fiefs with serfs were called Manors.
Serfs were not slaves but were only permitted to leave the manor with their vassals permission.
Changes are beginning
Around A.D. 1,000
Farmers started to use
improved methods
this meant MORE FOOD
more food mean that farmers could bring
extra
crops to the market.
GREEDY GREEDY!
Nobles notice improved methods by farmers so they created towns in order for more business to thrive.
Towns brought in skilled workers
weavers
goldsmiths
If a
Serf
moved to a town to take on a trade, they could escape the harsh life of the manor.
NOTE:
KNIGHT, In Shining Armor
A noble who agreed to fight for a king was called a
knight
.
they did this in exchange for more
land
to be added to their fief.
They followed a code of conduct called
chivalry
.
Chivalry
Musically talented
poetic
a good Christian
a defender of the church
Eleanor of Aquitaine
wife of a French King and later an English King.
In the 1140s, she spread the idea chivalry among French knights.
RUles for the King
King John
was forced to sign a document made by his Vassals called the
Magna Carta
.
This document stated that the king could not:
Violate the rights of free men and women
Set unfair taxes
Make unfair demands of goods or labor
FYI:
King John claimed the power to imprison people without a trial.
and demanded more taxes for his wars.
Magna Carta:
Established legal rights
enjoyed by English people and Americans
nobles would swear to be
loyal
to the king and especially in times of war.
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