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Water Scarcity

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Ashley Bontecou

on 12 July 2013

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Transcript of Water Scarcity

Water Scarcity
Why is water scarcity an issue?
Possible Solutions
Water Conservation- This would require cooperation of the people. People would have to be more careful with their everyday water use. People would have to be limited to the amount of water that they use and how they use it. Organizations would need to be formed to raise awareness of water scarcity and conserving it.
Desalination- This would turn salt water into fresh water by filtering salt and other minerals. This would make the supply of water much greater, but this is also very expensive.
Reservoirs- Building reservoirs could be a great long term solution to water scarcity. Reservoirs are artificial lakes or ponds from a dam that are used to store water. It would not take too much money to build more reservoirs, and it could help to save a lot of water, and keep the water supply abundant.
The best options
I think that the options that would have the biggest impact on water scarcity are building reservoirs, and water conservation. I think that the combination of the two will help to defeat water scarcity. Desalination would probably have too many negative externalities, including being too much of an expense and also not doing a whole lot to affect the supply of water. Water conservation would not cost much money at all, the government would only have to raise awareness of the issues, and make sure people aren't using too much water. The externalities to water conservation is that it can be hard for companies that rely on a lot of water, but conserving water can also help people save money.Building the reservoirs will be great in the long run. It will help keep up the supply of water, and it will be a reliable source of water. This might be a bit of an expense to the government, and may cause taxes to raise, but it will be worth it.
"For 1 Billion People." The Water Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 July 2013.
"Related Links." Water-scarcity Solutions Require New Thinking, New Technologies, Expert Says. N.p., 12 July 2013. Web. 12 July 2013.
"Scarcity, Decade, Water for Life, 2015, UN-Water, United Nations, MDG, Water, Sanitation, Financing, Gender, IWRM, Human Right, Transboundary, Cities, Quality, Food Security." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 12 July 2013.
"Water Conservation." Water Conservation. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 July 2013.
Every aspect of the economy can be affected by water. Water is what makes the world go round, and without it there would be big problems. People need it in their everyday lives as well as their homes. Businesses need water also. The government needs to know how to provide and distribute water. It is important for people to conserve water in order to save money, and prevent huge problems within the economy.
6.01 Research
1. Take the issue you have chosen and explain how it affects your community.
Water scarcity affects my community, because it limits the amount of water people use. People in the community tend to be conservative of
water because of water bill prices.
2. What do members of your family and community say about the issue?
People in the community think that water scarcity is an important issue. They do not leave water running and they tend to take shorter showers.
3. How does this issue affect households and local residents?
Water scarcity affects households and local residents because it limits their water usage and raises their water bills.
4. How does this issue affect area businesses?
Water scarcity affects area businesses because many businesses need water in order to run the business. Water scarcity can be bad for businesses because it can become a big cost and lower their business.
5. How does this issue affect our government at the local, state, and national levels?
Water scarcity affects the local government because it forces them to come up with rules for the community to follow in order to have a stable water supply. This affects state government because some states are in more of a drought and have less water so they have to compensate and create laws so water doesn't become too scarce. This affects the national government because the government may have to regulate water usage.
6. How does this issue affect the rest of the world?
In many poor countries water scarcity is a huge issue. Some countries have such little water supply that people can't even afford water to drink.
7. How does the issue affect resources, goods and services, and finances?
Water scarcity can affect resources because it can make it so farmers have a smaller supply of crops. Water is used in almost all daily goods and services. Water is used in restrooms and fountains everywhere. The more scarce water is the more expensive water bills can be.

6.02 Research
1. What are the necessary conditions for any possible solution to work?

The necessary conditions in order to get solutions of water scarcity to work include cooperation of the people, money, resources, and workers.

2. Are there budget or labor concerns?

Yes if we want to conserve water there will have to be programs that help support conservation and we will have to build reservoirs which will take money and labor.

3. Does the public need to be aware of and support the solution?

Yes, Their will have to be advertisements for water conservation this includes posters in schools, commercials on tv, posters in public places. Word will have to get out, and
organizations will have to be formed.

4. What challenges are there to implementing each solution?

Money could be a huge challenge. In order to build reservoirs the government will have to get money which means they might have to raise taxes and cut budgets.
Desalination also requires money. It will also be a challenge to get people to cooperate and to conserve water.

5. How else might you judge possible solutions against each other?

We could see which solution is the biggest expense, and which solution is the most affective at saving water.

6. What do your parents say about the issue?

My parents think the issue of water scarcity is very important. They have always told me to turn off the faucet while I'm brushing my teeth, and not to take extremely long showers,
because water needs to be conserved.

7. Should possible externalities factor into the chosen solution?

Yes, the possible externalities should be thought out before acting on any solution. We should think about what the solution will lead to and what will be the outcome.
6.03 Research
1. Give three possible solutions to the environmental issue you are investigating.
A major solution would be water conservation. This could be as small as saving water in your home to have conservation rules in a big company. Desalination is another solution which will turn salt water into fresh water through the filtering of salt and other minerals. This will give the world a larger supply of water. Building more reservoirs would also be a big solution this would keep more stock of water, and be another resource for us to get water from.
2.Why would some people oppose the solutions you have chosen?
Some people might oppose reservoirs because they are expensive for the government and this means that taxes could be raised. People might also have issues with conserving water throughout their busy lives.
3. What positive or negative externalities does this issue present at each sector of the economy? Refer to your circular-flow diagram.
Government- spending more money, but won't have as many issues providing water. Households- taxes and water bills could be raised, if they conserve water their bills will be lower. Businesses- conserving water could be an issue for some businesses that rely on water. Conserving could save businesses money. Rest of the World- better distribution of water so less countries will suffer. Product Market- will be paid more money. Factor Market- Will get more money if there is more water. Financial- Government will pay for their services.
4. What incentives do individuals, businesses, and government have to act on each possible solution?
People will be motivated to conserve water because they will have lower water bills. Businesses will be motivated by saving money and having a larger supply of water. Government will be motivated to build resevoirs because they will have a larger supply of water, and can distribute water to suffering countries.
5. What are the externalities, both positive and negative that could result from each possible solution?
Water conservation- People will have to watch how much water they use and be more careful. They will have to take shorter showers, turn off the faucet, watch how much they water their lawns etc. This will end up being positive because eventually there will be a larger supply of water and bills will go down.
Desalination- We will be able to use salt water by taking out salt and other minerals. This might be expensive for our government, but we will be able to provide more water for our own countries, and distribute to others. Reservoirs- This will be an expense for our government, and may cause taxes to be raised. These will be good for water scarcity, because the reservoirs will provide a reliable source for water.

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