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Contraception

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on 3 April 2017

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Transcript of Contraception

Condoms
The
only
form of birth control that is 100% effective is
abstinence
.

- Centers for Disease Control
Intrauterine Contraception (IUD)
Barrier Methods -
Sterilization
Male Condom:
Latex "glove" worn over man's penis, keeps sperm from entering woman's body. Also natural or lambskin available (latex allergies)

Latex protects against STI's & HIV
Success rate:
98%
w/perfect use
Grocery & convenience stores
~$1, bought in packs as well
Female: Tubal Ligation "tying tubes"
Eggs are made in a woman’s ovaries. 
One egg is release each month. It 
passes through one of the fallopian 
tubes towards the uterus.
Sterilization blocks each tube (cut or band).  Pregnancy cannot happen if the 
sperm cannot reach the egg


Success rate: >99%
Surgical procedure done in a hospital or outpatient med. center
Less expensive than a baby!
2014 Update
Injection or "shot"
Hormonal Methods -
Women get shots of progestin in the gluteous maximus or arm
Success rate
Very Careful
97%
OR
Oops sometimes I forget
94%
Doctor administered
Every 3 months
Contraception
Implant
Patch
Single thin rod inserted under skin in upper arm which contains progestin
Success rate:
99%
Doc. administered
Lasts 3 years
Skin patch worn on lower abdomen, glutes, or upper body (not breasts) releases progestin and estrogen
Success
Very Careful
97%

OR

Oops sometimes I forget
91%
New patch once a week for 3 weeks, no patch for 4th week
Combined Oral & Progestin
"the pill"
Success rate:



Prescribed by a doctor
$0-50 a month depending on insurance
Taken @ same time every day
Releases hormones estrogen and progestin
Success rate:
Very Careful
97%

OR
Oops sometimes I forget
91%
Prescribed by a doctor
$0-80 a month
Inserted in the vagina once for 3 weeks, taken out on 4th week
Vaginal Ring
Small "T" shape device Dr. places inside uterus.
Success rate:
99%
Remains for 5-10 years
IUD
Issue 1
Male: Vasectomy
Vasectomy blocks cuts/blocks the vas- deferens and keeps sperm out of the seminal fluid.
The sperm are absorbed by the body instead of being ejaculated.



Success rate: >99%
Surgical procedure done in a hospital or outpatient medical center
Uterus
Female Condom:
Worn by woman, helps keep
sperm from entering body

Plastic
Success rate:
89%
Drug stores
Very Careful
97%

OR
Oops sometimes I forget
91%
Stops ovulation
(releasing of an egg)
Full transcript