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Post-colonialism Theory

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by

Ryan McKinney

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of Post-colonialism Theory

Postcolonial Literary Theory Post-colonial Theory Considerations: Emphasis is directed to countries who have been "colonized" by a "Mother Country". Prefix "post" directs us to the aftermath of colonized countries. Literary theory began in 1970's. Main contributors: Notable Terms/Phrases: Orientalism "Us and Them" "White Man's Burden" Hybridity Subaltern Edward Said Homi K. Bhabha Gayatri Spivak Texts were in the perspectives of the "oppressed". "Po-Co" What is Post-colonial Literary Theory? Born November 1st, 1935 in Jerusalem Post-colonial Works: "The West is the spectator, the judge and the jury, of every facet of Oriental behaviour."

Edward Said in "Orientalism" Highlights Western prejudices Redefined original definition of Orientalism 1978 2009 "When every inch of the world is known, sleep may be the only wilderness that we have left." -Louise Erdrich 1988 "Western academic thinking is produced in order to support western economical interests."
-Gayatri Spivak Subaltern vs. Universal Perspectives. A Palestinian Arab, Father was American citizen Wrote "Orientalism" in 1978 Prestigious world-wide lecturer on Globalization "Father of Postcolonial Theory" Coined "hybridity". Professor and director of the Humanities Center at Harvard Born in Mumbai, India 1949 Lectures at Princeton, Dartmouth, Penn, and Harvard Born in Calcutta, India 1942 Professor at Columbia University Most known for "Can the Subaltern Speak?" "Strategic Essentialism" Different Lifestyle/Priorities Questions to consider: How does the cultural identity change? Is country better off economically (or psychologically) after colonization? Author's point of view? Do other countries struggle with same oppressions? End of colonization doesn't mean the end of suffering Relationships are more valued Capitalism vs. Marxism What was that again? Name the author that said: "The West is the spectator, the judge and the jury, of every facet of Oriental behaviour." A. Edward Said
B. Homi K. Bhabha
C. Gayatri Spivak
D. Dr. Seuss Name the author that said "Western academic thinking is produced in order to support western economical interests." A. Edward Said
B. Homi K. Bhabha
C. Gayatri Spivak
D.Dr. Suess Which group of people would be considered "subaltern" in North American history? A. African Americans
B. European Immigrants
C. Native Americans
D. All of the above Who coined the term "hybridity"? A. Edward Said
B. Homi K. Bhabha
C. Gayatri Spivak
D. Dr. Suess Name the author that said: "A person's a person, no matter how small." A. Edward Said
B. Homi K. Bhabha
C. Gayatri Spivak
D. Dr. Suess How much of the Earth's land mass was under control of Great Britain? (at its peak) A. 1/3
B. 1/5
C. 1/6
D. 1/4 Thank you!
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