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Yadkin Pee-Dee River Basin

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by

Courtney Kuhl

on 1 May 2013

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Transcript of Yadkin Pee-Dee River Basin

By: Courtney Kuhl, Taj Love, Katie Knight, and Jordan Lor Yadkin-Peedee Flood Plain Life The Yadkin Pee-dee river basin is North Carolinas second largest river, including 5,862 stream miles and 22,988 lake acres. The river basin covers about 7,221 square miles of North Carolina. - 1/3 of water is used for agriculture.
- Several parts of the rivers are impounded by dams for water, power, and flood control
- 750,000 people get their drinking water from the Yadkin Pee-dee - The Yadkin Pee-dee river basin contains a wide variety of habitat types, as well as many rare plants and animals.
- There are about 38 aquatic animals.
- Two species in this river basin are listed as endangered- the shortnose sturgeon, and the carolina heelsplitter.
- Most animals and plants have died off or decreased in population due to pollution in the river basin.
- Animals that live near the river basins include the wood duck and bald eagle. This presentation follows the "fair use" rules of the U.S Copyright law. The Yadkin Pee-dee river flows east from the northwestern part of North Carolina, turns south and flows into South Carolina, where it empties into Winyah Bay near Georgetown. Headwaters and Mouth: Headwaters: near Blowing Rock, NC
Mouth: Winyah Bay, SC near St. George (Georgetown) Topography and Stream flow: CFS: Cubic Feet per Second Topography: In all three regions of NC.
During the drought periods, the cfs is normally around 900. Based on this, the estimated average is around 1100 to 1200 cfs normally. Nutrients - Excess nutrients in the river lead to algal blooms
- Some level of nutrients occur naturally in streams and rivers.
- Human activities increase nutrient levels Use of Water Aquifer - The black creek aquifer usually has excellent water quality; however, the aquifer consistently has high levels of fluoride.
- Water found in the upper coastal portion is acidic and soft due to the presence of clean quartz sands.
- Water in the lower coastal portion is usually highly mineralized with higher levels of total dissolved solids. Quillback Shortnose Sturgeon Dollar Sunfish Hawk Bald Eagle Length: 215 miles Drought The Yadkin Pee-dee river basin experienced moderate to severe drought conditions in 2001 which had the potential to reduce the impacts from non point sources and magnify the impacts from point source discharge. Agriculture -The most fertile area of South Carolina.
- Areas of where the river flows has very dark nutrient rich soil found across the flood plain. Cotton, soybeans, tobacco, and peanuts are what is mainly grown around the flood plain. Food Web Urbanization - In 1990, 1.2 million people lived near the basin.
- 10% population gains per decade are expected to continue until at least 2020.
- Between 1982 & 1992, urbanized land near the basin increased by 38%.
- Winston Salem, Charlotte and Greensboro are the most heavily populated
- 83 towns are located near the basin. Recreation There is tons of recreation available near the Yadkin Pee-dee river basin. Some of these recreational activities and parks include: - Paddling
- Hiking
- Biking
- Kayaking
- Fishing
- Rafting - Pilot mtn. state park
- Stone mtn. state park
- North Carolina zoological park Pollution The possible point source pollution of this river basin includes: - Pipe discharge from waste water plants
- Industrial facilities
- Large storm water systems
- Construction of roads, buildings, and parking lots
- Failing septic systems
- Timber harvesting
- Sediment Erosion Works Cited Economy Natural Resources Turbidity & Ph - In 2002, the turbidity currents where very low due to the drought, but began to rise in 2003.
- Ph levels decreased throughout the basin during the drought. Even though the drought is now over, the Ph levels are still lower than expected. The river banks are extremely eroded due to construction work and farmland near the river basin. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yadkin%E2%80%93Pee_Dee_River_Basin http://www.yadkinpeedee.org/GeneralInfo.asp http://yadkinriverkeeper.org/about-river http://portal.ncdenr.org/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=9b7efcc5-e5df-4e90-9bf3-a45c51a09495&groupId=38364 The effect that the economy has on the river isn't good. All of the construction being done near the river is destroying it, but there are positive effects that the river has on the economy. Some of these include: Job openings from construction, and potable water. The river itself is a natural resource because of the hydroelectric plants. some of these plants are located near Badin Lake, North Carolina.
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