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Famous places in English-speaking countries

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Natalia Sekścińska

on 16 January 2018

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Transcript of Famous places in English-speaking countries

Landmarks in English-speaking countries
United States
NEW YORK
Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty is almost as American as apple pie, but the iconic NY monument was actually given to the United States as a gift from France in honor of the Centennial of American Independence. The Lady of Liberty was shipped overseas to New York in 350 pieces and it took four months to put her together! The Statue of Liberty has towered above the New York Harbor since 1886 and was designated as an American National Monument in 1924. Lady Liberty truly is statuesque - she weighs 450,000 pounds and stands 151 feet tall. Lady Liberty is a universal symbol of freedom and democracy.
Times Square
Known colloquially as "The Crossroads of the World" and "The Great White Way," Times Square NYC is one of the most popular commercial intersections in the world! Located in central Manhattan at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue, this popular NYC attraction, especially among tourists, is home to top destinations such as the Naked Cowboy, ABC's Times Square Studios, and Planet Hollywood. More than a third of a million people pass through iconic Times Square NYC every day!
The Empire State Building
The Empire State Building is one of the most iconic landmarks in a city full of them. It stands 1454 feet tall and is currently the 9th tallest building in the world and the 4th tallest freestanding structure in the Americas. The Empire State Building construction was completed in 1931. The first use of the lights at the top of the Empire State Building were to signal to New Yorkers that President Franklin Roosevelt had won the 1932 Presidential election.


Central Park
Located in Manhattan, Central Park is the nation's first major urban public space, attracting 25 million visitors every year. Covering 843 acres of land, this magnificent park was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1963. Central Park does not only impress NYC tourists, but it amazes and continues to attract loyal New Yorkers who make frequent visits.
WASHINGTON D.C
White House

The White House is the oldest public building in Washington DC and home to every President in the United States except George Washington. The White House is one of the most significant landmarks, recognized across the world as a symbol of democracy. It took 8 years to build the White House; its original builder, James Hoban, was from Ireland and designed it to look similar to an Irish country home. 30,000 people visit the White House each week.
U.S. Capitol
The United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., is a symbol of the American people and their government, the meeting place of the nation's legislature. The Capitol also houses an important collection of American art, and it is an architectural achievement in its own right. It is a working office building as well as a tourist attraction visited by millions every year.
CALIFORNIA
Golden Gate Bridge
The Golden Gate Bridge is a technical masterpiece that can only be described in superlative terms. When the bridge was completed in 1937 it was the world's longest and tallest suspension bridge. Soon after its completion the Golden Gate Bridge already enjoyed worldwide fame, not only because the bridge was breaking records, but also thanks to the elegant Art Deco design of the two huge towers and the magnificent surroundings near the Pacific Ocean. The eye catching orange-red color of the bridge also helped its popularity.
Yosmite National Park
Yosemite National Park in Northern California is one of the United States' most scenic and famous national parks. First protected in 1864, Yosemite National Park is best known for its waterfalls, but within its nearly 1,200 square miles, you can find deep valleys, grand meadows, ancient giant sequoias, a vast wilderness area, and much more.
Hollywood
Hollywood is a district in Los Angeles, California. It is famous around the world as a place where movies and television series are made. It has many different attractions such as the Hollywood Walk of Fame, Universal Studios and the famous Hollywood Sign. It is a popular destination for nightlife and tourism and home to the Hollywood Walk of Fame which is a sidewalk along the Hollywood Boulevard created in 1958.
The United Kingdom
London Eye
The London Eye is a large metal Ferris wheel. It is also known as the Millennium Wheel and is one of the largest observation wheels in the world. The Eye was opened in 2000. It is 135 metres high. At the time it was built, in 1999, it was the tallest giant wheel in the world. It is the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom: there are over 3.5 million visitors every year.
Big Ben
Big Ben is the nickname of a bell that rings in the clock tower at the northern end of the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London, England. Officially, the tower itself is called Elizabeth Tower. It was previously called Clock Tower, but was renamed in September 2012.
Tower Bridge
Tower Bridge is a bridge in London which crosses the River Thames near the Tower of London. The north side of the bridge is Tower Hill, and the south side of the bridge comes down into Bermondsey an area in Southwark. It is far more visible than London Bridge, which people often mistake it for. If large boats need to sail under Tower Bridge, the two halves of the bridge lift up to let it under.
Edinburgh Castle
Edinburgh Castle is a castle in Edinburgh, Scotland. It is built on the volcanic Castle Rock in the centre of Edinburgh, and is easy to see from the main shopping streets. The castle has a military display every year, called a tattoo, where soldiers show their skills at marching and competitions, and there are brass bands and bands of bagpipes.
Stonehenge
Stonehenge is a prehistoric World Heritage Site 8 miles (13 kilometres) north of Salisbury in Wiltshire, England. It is made of a henge, with standing stones in circles. No one knows who built Stonehenge or why they built it. During the summer solstice, the sunrise lines up with some of the stones in a particular way. This suggests that the arrangement of stones may work as a calendar. Stonehenge itself is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust.
Snowdonia National Park
Snowdonia National Park in Wales was started in 1951. It was the third national park in Britain. It makes up 2,140 km2 and has 60 km of coastline in its border. The park is ran by the Snowdonia National Park Authority. The park has lands that are owned by private people and also by the public. More than 26,000 people live within the park, of whom about 62% can speak at least some Welsh. The park attracts over 6 million visitors annually. Snowdon is the tallest peak in the national park and stands at 1,085m above sea level.
Ben Nevis
Ben Nevis is the highest mountain in Great Britain at 1,344 m high. It is in Scotland, near Fort William and it is part of the Three Peaks Challenge and attracts an estimated 100,000 climbers per year. The name comes from the Gaelic, Beinn Nibheis, meaning poisonous or terrible.
Giant's Causeway
The Giant's Causeway is an area of about 40,000 interlocking basalt columns, the result of an ancient volcanic eruption 60 millions years ago. It is in County Antrim on the northeast coast of Northern Ireland. It is the only UNESCO World Heritage Site in Northern Ireland
Lake District
The Lake District, also known as The Lakes or Lakeland, is a rural area in north west England. It is a popular vacation area, famous for its lakes and its mountains and its associations with the early 19th century poetry and writings of William Wordsworth and the Lake Poets. It is on a list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The Lake District is about 55 km across. It is entirely within Cumbria, and is one of England's few mountainous regions. All the land in England higher than three thousand feet above sea level is in the Park.
Australia
Sydney Opera House
Sydney Opera House is not only Australia's most famous landmark, this unique structure is one of the world's most instantly recognisable and iconic buildings. Sydney Opera House was opened by Queen Elizabeth II on October 20, 1973. Today the Opera house attracts visitors from all over the world to admire the building itself and attend the stellar performances held within. Not just a venue for opera, many types of events are held here including ballet, classical music recitals, theatre, popular concerts, exhibitions and more.
Uluru
Located in the heart of the Northern Territory and Australia, Uluru, formerly known as Ayers Rock, is the world's largest monolith. Noted for its natural and cultural value, it is certainly one of the most well known australian landmarks. The surrounding Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park is World Heritage Listed and notable in being one of the few properties listed for both its natural and cultural values.
Port Arthur
Port Arthur is a small town on the Tasman Peninsula, in Tasmania. It is about 80 km south east of the state capital, Hobart. It was settled as a penal colony (a very large prison for convicts). Port Arthur is now one of Australia's most important historic areas. In 2010 it was included on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites as one of the Australian Convict Sites. It is officially Tasmania's top tourist attraction. In 1996 the worst mass murder in Australian history took place here.
Sydney Harbour Bridge
The Sydney Harbour Bridge is a bridge that joins north Sydney with south Sydney. People can cross the bridge by car, walking or by train. There is also a tunnel that goes underneath. The bridge is an important tourist attraction because of it scenery which attracts many tourists and people living in or near the city. One of the many attractions of the Harbour Bridge is its famous 'BridgeClimb'. Luna Park Sydney is located next to the bridge.
The bridge is 1,149 metres long, and 49 m wide. Building began on 19 March 1923 and ended in 1932.
Shark Bay
Spectacular Shark Bay is one of Australia's most famous wildlife areas. Located in the centre of the West Australian coast, Shark Bay is the most western point of the Australian continent. In 1991, the bay, its islands, and the land around it were added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites.
Shark Bay has three important features to protect. It has the largest seagrass beds in the world. These are home to about 10% of the world's dugongs. And at one end of the bay are stromatolites, which are the oldest form of life on the Earth
Great Barrier Reef
The Great Barrier Reef runs along the coast of Queensland in the Coral Sea. The Great Barrier Reef the largest reef system in the world. Built by tiny coral polyps, the reef is the biggest structure made by living organisms on Earth and being bigger than the Great Wall of China, it is the only living thing visible from space. Over 2 million visitors every year enjoy the multitude of activities, trips, tours and resort stays. The Great Barrier Reef is arguably the most famous of all Australian Landmarks.
Canada
CN Tower
Located in Toronto, Ontario, the CN Tower is a communications and observation tower, which is used by radio and television stations. Built in 1976, it is an astonishing 1,815 feet tall. For 34 years, it held the record for the world’s tallest tower and tallest free-standing structure until Burj Khalifa in Dubai and Canton Tower in Guangzhou were built. The CN Tower attracts more than two million visitors each year. Many tourists take the elevator up to the SkyPod, which is the world’s largest observation deck, for a breathtaking view.
Niagara Falls
The Niagara Falls are situated on the Niagara River which lies on the border of the province of Ontario and the state of New York. The Horseshoe Falls are located on the Canadian side of the border. The Niagara Falls are the most powerful waterfall in North America. The Niagara Falls are a huge tourist attraction with approximately 30 million visitors each year. In the evenings, there are floodlights which light up both sides of the falls until midnight. Many tourists also take a boat cruise, named Maid of the Mist, which carries passengers below the falls.
The Canadian Rockies
Known as a major mountain range in western North America, The Rocky Mountains extend more than 3,000 miles between the state of New Mexico in the United States and the province of British Columbia in Canada. The Canadian Rockies are also known for their high peaks, such as Mount Columbia, which is 3,747 meters high and Mount Robson, which has an elevation of 3,954 meters. Four national parks that are located in the Canadian Rockies are part of the World Heritage Site. These parks are Banff, Kootenay, Yoho and Jasper. There is another park, called Waterton, which is not part of the World Heritage Site.
Saint Joseph's Oratory
Saint Joseph’s Oratory is a Roman Catholic basilica located on the west slope of Mount Royal in Montreal, Quebec. Construction began in 1904 by Saint Andre Bessette, but later had to be enlarged due to the number of visitors.1 The Oratory’s dome is the third-largest in the world, next to the Basilica of Our Lady of Peace of Yamoussoukro, which is located in the Ivory Coast, and Saint Peter’s Basilica, which is located in Rome. Saint Joseph’s Oratory is the largest church in Canada. Saint Joseph’s Oratory receives over two million visitors and pilgrims each year.
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