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Kindergarten Research: United States (US) Symbols

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Shaneene Fannin

on 15 March 2013

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Transcript of Kindergarten Research: United States (US) Symbols

Lincoln Memorial The Lincoln Memorial commemorates the life of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States.

It is located in Potomac Park, Washington, D.C.

The Lincoln Memorial was designed by Henry Bacon; the style is that of a Greek Doric temple with 36 enormous columns.

Inside the building is a huge statue of a sitting Lincoln. Over Lincoln's head is the inscription:


Also in the Memorial are two murals, and stone engravings of Lincoln's second inaugural address and the Gettysburg Address.

Plaster casts of Lincoln's hands and face were used to make the statue. The statue is over 3 times actual size; if the statue could stand up, it would be 28 feet tall.

The murals were done by Jules Guerin. The 36 Doric columns represent the 36 states of the Union at the time of President Lincoln's death in 1865.

The construction of the Lincoln Memorial began in 1914; it was dedicated in 1922. The building was built with marble from the state of Colorado; Lincoln's statue was made from blocks of marble from the state of Georgia.

The Lincoln Memorial is pictured on the reverse of the US penny and the back of the US five dollar bill.

On August 28, 1963, Martin Luther King, Jr., made his "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial (the speech was delivered on the landing 18 steps below Lincoln's statue); there is now an inscription on the step where Dr. King stood, commemorating that historic event. Dr. King was speaking at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. Washington Monument After interacting with this Prezi, students will work independently to create 3 Prezi frames on paper, to identify 3 American symbols and match details explaining their meaning, with a "cut, match, & paste" activity. What is a symbol?
A symbol is something that stands for something else.

A symbol can represent things that are too large to carry around, like a highway, or a symbol can represent things that are abstract.

Our nations has symbols that represent the United States of America's beliefs, values, and ideas. White House Home and office of the president of the United States.
A symbol of leadership. Some people from other countries also see the White House and think of freedom.
The British burned the building in 1814.
It has been expanded numerous times to accommodate the growing needs of the first family and the executive staff.
Yet for all that, the core of the house looks remarkably similar to the structure that George Washington saw rise in the earliest days of the American republic.
The President’s House grew outward, downward and upward. At the same time, they will also see how the building remains unchanged.
The White House represents leadership and political freedom in America and around the world.
There are 132 rooms, 32 bathrooms, and 6 levels to accommodate all the people who live in, work in, and visit the White House. There are also 412 doors, 147 windows, 28 fireplaces, 7 staircases, and 3 elevators.
At various times in history, the White House has been known as the "President's Palace," the "President's House," and the "Executive Mansion." President Theodore Roosevelt officially gave the White House its current name in 1901.
The White House receives approximately 6,000 visitors a day.
With five full-time chefs, the White House kitchen is able to serve dinner to as many as 140 guests and hors d'oeuvres to more than 1,000.
For recreation, the White House has a variety of facilities available to its residents, including a tennis court, a jogging track, swimming pool, movie theater, billiard room, and a bowling lane.

Interactive Tour of the White House: http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/inside-white-house/interactive-tour Prezi Created by
Mrs. Shaneene Fannin,
Fred Armon Toomer Elementary School Media Specialist
Toomer's Kindergarten Classes:
Mrs. Clarke's Class
Mrs. Kraften's Class
Dr. Whitfield's Class A Kindergarten Research Project Learn more about (or review) symbols, with these resources: Power Arts Company, (2005). Teacher and the Rockbots: Symbols of America. [Song]. Available from http://www.discoveryeducation.com

BrainPOP Jr. Video - http://www.brainpopjr.com/socialstudies/citizenship/ussymbols

Nonfiction Books & Resources about the Various US Symbols from Toomer's Media Center: http://aps.tlcdelivers.com:8080/kids/?config=2784 QUESTIONS: Why are the US symbols important to our nation?
What key facts can you find to learn about each of the 3 US symbols in this prezi?
After going on a "Virtual Field Trip to Washington, D. C." (watching the video segments) - What did you learn about each symbol from the videos? This Prezi will help Kindergarten students with the following Georgia Performance Standard: SSKH2 - The student will identify important American symbols and explain their meaning.

d. Lincoln Memorial
e. Washington Monument
f. White House monument
Definition: A structure, such as a building or sculpture, erected as a memorial
Context: The Washington Monument honors the life and ideals of President George Washington. Facts About the Washington Monument - http://www.american-history-fun-facts.com/facts-about-the-washington-monument.html

•Construction of the Washington memorial started on July 4, 1848 and was completed on December 6, 1884
built to honor the first President of the United States of America, George Washington.

•The monument opened to the public on October 9, 1888

•The cost of the Washington Monument construction - $1,187,710.00

•Height of the monument - 555 feet 5 1/8 inches
tallest building in the District of Columbia - by law, no other building in D.C. is allowed to be taller.

•There are 36,491 blocks of marble in the Washington Monument

•There are 897 steps in the Washington Monument

•The Washington monument is constructed out of marble that was brought in from Maryland

•The Washington monument is surrounded by 50 U.S. flags - one for each state

•The monument is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., and it is an obelisk-shaped building.
An obelisk is a tall, four-sided, narrow tapering monument which ends in a pyramid-like shape at the top.

•The Washington Monument was damaged by an earthquake on August 23, 2011

•The cornerstone of the Washington Monument was laid with the same trowel that George Washington used when he laid the cornerstone of the Capitol in 1793.

•The inner walls of the monument are lined with 189 carved memorial stones. These stones were given by individuals, cities, states, and other countries.

•When it was completed in 1884, the Washington Monument was the world's tallest structure, but was quickly relegated to the second tallest after completion of the Eiffel Tower in 1889.

Read more: Facts About the Washington Monument, Washington Monument Tickets, Monuments by Moonlight http://www.american-history-fun-facts.com/facts-about-the-washington-monument.html#ixzz2NRQ7E9bA Under Creative Commons License: Attribution Share Alike United States of America's
(US) Symbols More Facts About the White House
1. The White House Has a Twin in Ireland
The White House was designed by James Hoban, who was born in Ireland and had studied in Dublin. Historians believe that James Hoban based his plan on the Leinster House, the Georgian style home of the Dukes of Leinster in Ireland. Leinster House is now the seat of the Irish Parliament.
2. The White House Has Another Twin - in France
The elliptical south portico appears to mirror the Château de Rastignac, an elegant French house constructed in 1817.
3. Slaves Helped Build the White House
The land that became Washington, DC was acquired from Virginia and Maryland, where slavery was practiced. Historic payroll reports document that many of the workers hired to build the White House were African Americans - some free and some slave. Working alongside white labors, the African Americans cut sandstone at the quarry in Aquia, Virginia. They also dug the footings for the White House, built the foundations, and fired bricks for the interior walls.
4. The White House Was Also Built by Europeans
The White House could not have been completed without European artisans and immigrant laborers. Scottish stoneworkers raised the sandstone walls. Craftsmen from Scotland also carved the rose and garland ornaments above the north entrance and the scalloped patterns beneath the window pediments. Irish and Italian immigrants did brick and plaster work. Later, Italian artisans carved the decorative stonework on the White House porticoes.
5. George Washington Never Lived in the White House
President George Washington selected James Hoban's plan, but he felt that it was too small and simple for a president. Under Washington's supervision, Hoban's plan was expanded and the White House was given a grand reception room, elegant pilasters, window hoods, and stone swags of oak leaves and flowers. However, George Washington never lived in the White House. In 1800, when the White House was almost finished, America's second president, John Adams moved in. Adam's wife Abigail complained about the unfinished state of the presidential home.
6. The White House Was the Largest House in America
Larger homes weren't constructed until after the Civil War and the rise of Gilded Age mansions.
7. The British Torched the White House
During the War of 1812, the United States burned Parliament Buildings in Ontario, Canada. So, in 1814, the British Army retaliated by setting fire to much of Washington, including the White House. The inside of the White House was destroyed and the exterior walls were badly charred.
8. A Later Fire Destroyed the West Wing
9. Franklin Roosevelt Made the White House Handicap Accessible
10. President Truman Saved the White House From Collapsing
11. The White House Has Been Called Many Names
12. The White House Wasn't Always White US Symbols a Virtual Field Trip
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