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Transcript of Genetic Engineering
in the form of DNA into cells. http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/tech/cloning/whatiscloning/twinning.html http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/tech/cloning/whatiscloning/images/enucleation.mpg ENUCLEATION NUCLEAR TRANSFER http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/tech/cloning/whatiscloning/images/transfer.mpg The gene to be inserted into the genetically modified organism must be combined with other genetic elements in order for it to work properly. The gene can also be modified at this stage for better expression or effectiveness. As well as the gene to be inserted most constructs contain a promoter and terminator region as well as a selectable marker gene. The promoter region initiates transcription of the gene and can be used to control the location and level of gene expression, while the terminator region ends transcription. GENE THERAPY PREGNANCY CASES Genetic engineering is also a boon for pregnant women who can choose to have their fetuses screened for genetic defects. These screenings can help the parents and doctors prepare for the arrival of the child who may have special needs during or after the delivery. PHARMACEUTICAL AGRICULTURE The common benefits are increase in the efficiency of photosynthesis, increasing the resistance of the plant to salinity, drought and viruses and also reducing the plant's need for a nitrogen fertilizer. DISADVANTAGES Scrambling genomes will lead to total chaos in evolution. GMO's in food Allergies Human Genome Project This is DOLLY! May Hamper Nutritional Value May Introduce Harmful Pathogens May Lead to Genetic Defects Detrimental to Genetic Diversity