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Transcript of creative thinking
What do we expect?
21st Century Skills: Communication, Collaboration, Critical Thinking and Creativity.
Multiple intelligences theory
neuroscience of creativity
Comparative approach: creative thinking & critical thinking
skills and processes involved in
problem solving & design thinking
Techniques to improve the processes
cyprus november 2015
21 st century skills
critical thinking & creative thinking
- Use various types of reasoning.
Use systems thinking:
- How parts interact with the whole.
Make judgements and decisions:
- Analyze and evaluate evidence and arguments.
- Synthesize and make connections.
- Interpret information and draw conclusions.
- Reflect critically.
- All kinds of problems (familiar and non-familiar)
- Identify and ask questions.
- Articulate thoughts in oral, written and non verbal contexts.
- Listen effectively to decipher meaning.
- Use communication for a range of purpose.
- Use multiple media and technologies and judge their effectiveness.
- Do all of this in diverse environments.
- Use a wide range of idea creation techniques.
- Create new and worthwhile ideas.
- Elaborate on others' ideas to improve.
Work creatively with others:
- Develop, implement and communicate new ideas to others effectively.
- Be open to new perspectives.
- Incorporate feedback into the work.
- View failure as opportunity to learn.
- Understand that creativity and innovation are long-term processes.
- Small successes and frequent mistakes.
Collaborate with others:
- Ability to work effectively and respectfully with diverse teams.
- Show flexibility to be helpful in making compromises.
- Assume shared responsibility for collaborative work.
- Value the individual contributions.
- Working to accomplish a common goal.
the partnership for 21st century learning
- Founded in 2002, focused on US K-12 education.
: national conversation on the importance of 21st century skills.
: Catalyst for 21st learning to build collaborative partnerships among education business, community and government leaders so that all learners acquire knowledge and skills they need to thrive in a world where
change is constant and learning never stops
critical thinking skills
creative thinking skills
techniques to improve the skills: how can we boost our pupil's critical and creative thinking?
edward de bono
invent criteria to
2. applying standards
Judging according to established personal, professional or social rules or criteria.
"I judge it according to..."
Recognizing differences and similarities among things or situations and distinguishing carefully as to category or rank.
"I rank ordered the various..."
"I grouped things together"
4. information seeking
Searching for evidence, facts or knowledge by identifying relevant sources.
"I knew I needed to look up/study..."
"I kept searching for data"
5. logical reasoning
7. transforming knowledge
Changing or converting the condition, nature, form or function of concepts among contexts.
"I improve on the basics by..."
"I wondered if that would fit the situation of..."
Separating or breaking a whole into parts to discover their nature, functional and relationships.
"I studied it piece by piece"
"I sorted things out"
Drawing inferences or conclusions that are supported in or justified by evidence.
"I deduce from the information that..."
Envisioning a plan and its consequences.
"I was prepared for..."
six critical questions
through the game
Legos, K-nex, Nanoblock, Meccano...
Help Children learn basic classification and analysis and synthesis skills (design/model).
Learn by trial and error, what combinations of pieces do or not fit and how to build something.
Starting a business endeavor, like a lemonade stand or a bracelet shop, requires
planning, analysis, prediction, flexibility, evaluation and creativity.
School Cooperative Business.
, one of the basic thinking skills that serve as a
foundation for higher level critical thinking
Develop Analysis and Synthesis
A board game requires each player to develop a
and adapt their strategy as they go in response to reality (influenced by the involvement of their opponent).
This kind of games also improve
and the ability to
Differences between two
nearly identical images:
Develop categorizing skill, comprehension and arts esteem.
Maltese Physician &
Proponent of the teaching of thinking as a
six thinking hats
He originated the term
indirect and creative approach
, using reasoning that is not immediately obvious and involving ideas that may not be obtainable by using only traditional step-by-step logic.
Tool for group discussion and individual thinking involving six colored hats.
six thinking hats
creativity is a state of mind:
creativity and emotions
Use very different approaches to critical thinking skills: more relaxed, open, playful approach.
- Fluency of ideas. Speed of thought.
- Flexibility of thought.
- Linking/ Association/ Making connections.
- Allowing yourself to make
wild and crazy suggestions
ideas in the process
- Allowing yourself to
doodle, daydream or play
from what has not worked as well as what did.
is often needed in order to allow creative thinking states to
It's important to be able to cope with risk, confusion, disorder and feeling that you are not progressing quickly.
words related to...
- Choose a word.
- Each student gives one word that it is related to the selected word.
- The first few will be highly original, but as you get around the room "easy answers" will go away, and some students have to really explain their word choice
Analogies in action
a school without teachers is like...
a hospital without doctors...
a hospital without doctors is like...
a book without letters...
sounds of school
Forces kids to be completely silent.
Great transition activity.
In silent, with the classroom door open, children listen to "the sounds of school" during 30-40 seconds.
We share out what we heard.
Students categorize themselves into groups, inventing the criteria.
You can limit the number of groups or put a minimum number of people in each group.
inventions that changed the world
Cause and effect chain.
Brainstorm what else it cold be used for.
remembering picture/ thinking tray
Random items in a picture or in a tray,
visualize or touch them for about 30 seconds,
make a list of as many things as you can remember
other possibilities: words with spelling difficulties, groups of specific vocabulary...
fluently of thought with story telling
"sliced bread changed the world...
... because without sliced bread I'd have to cut my own bread...
... so I would end up eating something without bread...
to end: All because nobody invented sliced bread!!!
rubber band: hair tie
Start the story and throw the ball.
This requires that students listen
the entire time and are ready to
contribute to the story telling
at any time.
engaging your left brain
Write down 100 ideas.
The sheer mass of ideas will help you refrain form criticizing in your head before they have time to evolve.
Developed by Brian Gio and Peter Schmidt.
Cards with aphorisms used to encourage lateral thinking when you are blocked.
lotus blossom technique
Developed by Yasuo Matsumura.
Similar to a mind map, it starts with a central idea and expands outwards with solutions in an interactive manner.
Bet with his publishers that he couldn't write a book under 50 words.
how smart are you?
- Multiple intelligences test.
- Chronological line with crystallizing and negative experiences.
key points in gardner theory
: powerful and focused. Science and arts people.
Mental search-light intelligence
: like a lighthouse. From one point to another one, moving. Multitasking, politicians.
: important moments in our talent and skills development.
: negative experiences that close the intelligences.
features and types
- We need all the intelligences.
- All are
- Each person has a
- Everybody has all the intelligences, but in a different
multiples intelligences theory
- Harvard University.
- 1983 publishes "Frames of Mind"
* The ability to
* The ability to
problems to solve.
* The ability to create products or
to the Society.
- As there are different ways to solve a problem...there are
different types of intelligences. NOT ONLY ONE INTELLIGENCE.
criteria to define the 7 intelligences
Learning and brain development
If we teach taking into account multiple views, we raise the possibility that our pupils could develop in a better way their neurological connections.
neuroscience and creativity
quotes and curiosities
carolina montero garcia
can you define intelligence?
- Each intelligence has a developmental feature.
- Can be observed in population groups.
- They have a brain location.
- Own representative or symbolic system.
- Only one
- Can be developed
- Can be educated
- Ability/ Potentiality
- Experiences can change it.
- Applying this concept we are developing learning strategies that take into account the
different possibilities of knowledge acquisition
- Each intelligence
boost different critical and creative thinking skills
- Classroom environments are more
enriching and stimulating.
Self-esteem and learning interest
improvement of knowledge acquisition and skills and cognitive processes development.
can you remember?
how our brain works when we are creative:
Three areas that are used for creative thinking:
THE ATTENTIONAL CONTROL NETWORK
: Helps us with laser focus on a particular task.
It is the one that we activate when we need to concentrate on complicated problems or pay attention to a task like reading or listening.
neuroanatomy and development
THE IMAGINATION NETWORK
: IT is
used for things like imagining future
scenarios and remember things that
happened in the past.
This network help us to construct
mental images when we are engaged
in those activities.
THE ATTENTIONAL FLEXIBILITY
: has the important
role of monitoring what is going
on around us, as well as inside
our brains, and switching between
the Imagination network and the
attentional control network.
Reducing activation of ACN helps us
to allow INSPIRATION IN and new ideas to form.
Increasing activation of IN and AFN.
THINKING OUT OF THE BOX!
Expression that describes
nonconformal, creative thinking.
The term is said to derive from a famous puzzle created by early 20th century British mathematician