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APUSH Powerpoint

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Steven Lin

on 1 May 2011

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Transcript of APUSH Powerpoint

Analyze the extent to which religious freedom existed in the British North American colonies prior to 1700. APUSH Powerpoint Presentation

Steven Lin
7th Period Question: Thesis Statement: Pages 33-34, 39, 43-49, 59-62 Prior to the 18th century, religious freedom existed in the British North American colonies to various extents - from the strict lack of tolerance of the New Englanders, to the high tolerance of the Quaker-populated middle colonies, to the limited tolerance of the slave-filled southern colonies, the colonies were quite diverse in their takes on how lenient or strict religious freedom in the New World should be. In the New England colonies, religions other than Puritanism were not accepted. The New England colonies were founded by the Separatist Pilgrims, who were dedicated extremists - the purest Puritans.
Non-puritans were not allowed to vote and faced multiple fines and punishments for their beliefs. For example, Anne Hutchinson, although a Puritan, was banished for her "antonomianistic" ideals - questioning the Puritan doctrine of predestination.
Rhode Island, however, was an exception, founded by Roger Williams who established a complete freedom of religion, even for Jews, Catholics, and Quakers.
Religious leaders had enormous influence, and families were generally very dedicated to the Congregational Church. Religious freedom was at a minimum in the New England colonies. In the middle colonies, the people were blessed with an unusually high degree of religious tolerance and democratic control.
there was no church that demanded taxes, unlike in the New England colonies, where the Puritan church had forced taxation.
The Quakers. also known as the "Religious Society of Friends", dominated Pennsylvania, the best advertised of all the middle colonies. They were a group of simple, devoted, democratic people, contending in their own way for religious freedom.
The large ethnic diversity of the middle colonies made it hard to restrict religion, resulting in high degrees of religious freedom. However, in Dutch New York, Quakers and religious dissenters were persecuted. Once the Duke of York took over, New York's focus shifted to economics, allowing religion to be less restricted. In the Southern colonies, Differing religions were generally tolerated, but this tended to vary from colony to colony.
The Anglican Church was the main established church, which was tax-supported.
As the South was more economically geared, religion was not as stressed as it was elsewhere. The South was neglected when people thought of moving somewhere for religious purposes.
Religious persecution and restrictions were certainly not as harsh as the New England colony's.
There was a general persecution of Catholics by the Protestant Church of England, so Maryland was founded as a Catholic haven by Lord Baltimore. It eventually granted religious freedom to all religions, including Christianity through the "Act of Toleration", as long as they did not deny the divinity of Jesus (Jews and atheists).
Georgia was supposed to serve as a "buffer colony", protecting the more valuable Carolinas against the Spaniards from Florida and the hostile French in Louisiana. All Christian worshipers except Catholics enjoyed religious toleration. In conclusion: The New England colonies had an extremely low degree of religious tolerance, due to their Puritan affiliation.
The Middle colonies had a high degree of religious tolerance, due to its diversity and Quaker dominance.
The Southern plantation colonies had some degree of religious tolerance, generally granting religious freedom to all except for Catholics. The End
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