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ISIS In Iraq - Group Presentation (2)
Transcript of ISIS In Iraq - Group Presentation (2)
ISIS In Iraq
-ISIS stands for Islamic State of Iraq and Syria, which is a jihadist group in the Middle East that wants to bring most of the Muslim region of the world under its political control.
-ISIS grew significantly under the leadership of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi gaining support in Iraq as a result of alleged economic and political discrimination against Iraqi Shia Muslims.
-ISIS’s original aim was to establish a caliphate in the Sunni-majority regions of Iraq, and following its involvement in the Syrian Civil War this expanded to include controlling Sunni-majority areas of Syria.
- ISIS had close links to al-Qaeda until February 2014 when, after an eight-month power struggle, al-Qaeda cut all ties with the group, reportedly for its brutality and "notorious intractability”
-Since ISIS is blaming the United States for all the acts of violence they’ve had to commit. We believe they should some how make a compromise and peace treaty with Iraq to stop more deaths from taking place.
-We believe another higher power like the United Nations can step in and can really make a difference in Iraq, they can some how come together and resolve the issues that ISIS has. If more countries agree on it, their will be more strength in numbers to resolve this problem.
-To first of all negotiate and just to start talking with ISIS will be very difficult in itself, let alone talk about making peace. ISIS has sworn to not negotiate with their enemies as they’ve already made mistakes in the past by trusting them.
-It will be hard to have a peace treaty with ISIS but it will be worth it, it will stop all the unnecessary deaths, and civilian casualties. Anything worth having doesn’t come easy.
-This had all started after the U.S Invasion of Iraq, also known as the 8 year war.
-A man named Abu Mussad al-Zarqawi came up with a dream to start a war that he thought would unite Muslims in the Middle East.
- Many foreign fighters who were of Muslim descent came to Iraq from all around the world to join the fight.
- Al-Qaeda was then founded by this group.
People Killed At least 1’922 people have been killed
Civilian Deaths Over 1’393 Civilians have been killed
Soldier Deaths Over 380 Iraqi soldiers have been killed
Police Deaths Over 149 Police men have been killed
People Wounded More than 2’610 people were wounded
Square miles under Islamic State control 13,000 miles between Syria and Iraq that is roughly the size of Belgium.
Militants fighting with the Islamic State 30,000-50,000 militants are fighting with the Islamic state
Nations with which ISIS has engaged in direct fighting. ISIS has engaged in fighting with 5 countries. These include Iraq, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey.
ISIS cash and Assets Approximately Valued at $2,000,000,000.
Daily Revenue Approximately $3,000,000 of daily revenue from ransom money, gas, oil, and taxing non-militants.
-Innocent civilians are being killed at the hands of the ISIS, anyone who is not one of them is an immediate enemy.
-They want to take over the major Muslim populated countries near and around Iraq, and will do anything to claim what they believe is theirs given to them by God.
-ISIS is known to be really violent, they don’t like to negotiate or talk very much, they let their actions and violence speak for them, if they do not get their way, they will force it.
-ISIS’s end goal is to essentially break the US into two pieces. They want to cause them the same pain and suffering like they did to them during the Iraq War from 2003 - 2011. The leader and founder of ISIS claims he will “drown the American infidels in blood, and hang Allah’s flag in the White House."
-They maintain the land by a dictatorship that infringes people from practicing their basic rights.
-The main and principal goal of ISIS to establish an Islamic state that will encompass the Arab world.
-The group forces inhabitants to abide by the Islamic Sharia law. If the residents don’t abide by the laws they will be punished or publicly executed.
-ISIS considers themselves as God's servant's, here on earth to do what he would want
On August 19th, ISIS uploaded a YouTube video that showed the execution of James Foley, an American journalist who had been reported as a missing person since suddenly disappearing in Syria over 18 months ago. The video began with Foley, kneeled next to an armed man dressed in black, reading a scripted message that placed the blame of his death on the U.S. airstrikes and giving his last words before the journalist is seen being beheaded.
Ideology & Beliefs
The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) used to have a different name: al Qaeda in Iraq.
US troops and allied Sunni militias defeated al Qaeda in Iraq during the post-2006 "surge" — but it didn't destroy them. The US commander in Iraq, General Ray Odierno, described the group in 2010 as down but "fundamentally the same." In 2011, the group rebooted. ISIS successfully freed a number of prisoners held by the Iraqi government and, slowly but surely, began rebuilding their strength.
ISIS and al-Qaeda divorced in February 2014. "Over the years, there have been many signs that the relationship between al Qaeda Central (AQC) and the group's strongest, most unruly franchise was strained," Barak Mendelsohn, a political scientist at Haverford College, writes. Their relationship "had always been more a matter of mutual interests rather than of shared ideology."
According to Mendelsohn, Syria pushed that relationship to the breaking point. ISIS claimed that it controlled Jabhat al-Nusra, the official al-Qaeda splinter in Syria, and defied orders from al-Qaeda's leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri, to back off. "This was the first time a leader of an al-Qaeda franchise had been publicly disobeyed" a movement leader, he says. ISIS also defied repeated orders to kill fewer civilians in Syria, and the tensions led to al-Qaeda disavowing any connection with ISIS in a February communiqué.
Today, ISIS and al-Qaeda compete for influence over Islamist extremist groups around the world. Some experts believe ISIS may overtake al-Qaeda as the most influential group in this area
ISIS used to be al-Qaeda in Iraq
Steps The World Must Take To Stop ISIS
1. Authorize air strikes against ISIS by NATO or an alliance of willing countries.
2. Refer ISIS leaders to the International Criminal Court.
3. Create safe places for the minority communities in Iraq and Syria.
4. Provide arms to the Kurdish for their self-defense.
5. Expose and block the financial networks that support ISIS.
Social Media and Propaganda
The Dawn of Glad Tidings was a Twitter app created and launched by ISIS member for all Android phones. The app was available to download on the Google Play store, but has now been taken down and permanently removed. The app was launched on April 2014 for the public to install onto their Android phone. The apps only function was to send out up to 40,000 tweets per day. On June 15th, 2014, the group sent out a tweet through the app which featured a picture of Baghdad’s flag that had a message reading, “We are coming, Baghdad”.
The Dawn of Glad Tidings
On August 4th, 2013, American journalist Steven Joel Sotloff was also kidnapped by Islamic militants in Aleppo, Syria. On August 19th, 2014, James Foley’s execution video was released, in which an English-speaking ISIS militant is shown with another U.S. captive, who many speculated was Sotloff.
Execution of Steven Sotloff