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STEREOTYPES

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Mattei Alessandra

on 30 April 2015

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Transcript of STEREOTYPES

Stereotype
Racism
Prejudice
Discrimination
Stereotypes
and
prejudices
place themselves as real barriers to the opening to the other, to the knowledge of the different and more generally to the integration in multi-ethnic society.
PLATFORMS
SEO
CMS
SOCIAL
The term discriminate appeared in the early 17th century in the English language. It is from the Latin
discriminat
- '
distinguished between
', from the verb discriminare, from discrimen 'distinction', from the verb
discernere
.
From a stereotype to Racism
Group work
what are the possible obstacles that threaten intercultural communication?
How and why prejudices born
:
Types of discrimination:
Alessandra Mattei Francesca D'Ignazi Francesca Cinelli Martina Francescangeli
What
is
a stereotype?
A stereotype is a thought, with which you label a
social group
. This thought brings individual in a category with some characteristics, which are
generalized
to the entire group, based on the assumption that a belief is true and without considering that it might not be.
The term stereotype derives from the Greek words σ(
stereos
),"firm, solid" and (
typos
),"impression," hence "solid impression". The term comes from the
printing trade
and was first adopted in 1798 by
Firmin Didot
to describe a printing plate that duplicated any
typography
.

Some of the most well-known
types
of prejudice include:
Racism
Sexism
Homophobia
Nationalism
Religious prejudice
Ageism

A
prejudice
is:
● an
adverse judgement
or opinion formed beforehand or without knowledge of the facts
● any
preconceived opinion
or feelings,wheter positive or negative
● an
irrational hostile attitude
,fear or hatred towards a particular group,race or religion

The English word prejudice derives from the Latin word
praeiudicium
, meaning "prior judgement." This is turn comes from the Latin
prae
(or pre-) meaning "before" and
iudicium
or
judicium
, meanind "judgement."
A form of stereotype, prejudice, discrimination, or antagonism directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is
superior
: a program to combat
racism
.
The belief that all members of each race possess characteristics, abilities, or qualities specific to that race, especially so as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races: theories of racism.

Is a product of
capitalism

Racism is old as society itself

"
Beyond [known peoples of black West Africa] to the south there is no civilization in the proper sense. There are only humans who are closer to dumb animals than to rational beings. They live in thickets and caves, and eat herbs and unprepared grain. They frequently eat each other. They cannot be considered human beings." "Therefore, the Negro nations are, as a rule, submissive to slavery, because (Negroes) have little that is (essentially) human and possess attributes that are quite similar to those of dumb animals, as we have stated.
"
Slave traders and slave owners interpreted a passage in the book of Genesis as their justification.

By the time Negros became victims of a religious Racism because of
heathen ancestry
.

In 17th century in english North America some laws forbid mixed marriage.
Enlightenment brings the essential unity of the
human race
. Some ethnologists subdivided the human race into three to five races as varieties of a single human species.
The Darwinian emphasis on "
the struggle for existence
" and concern for "
the survival of the fittest
" was conducive to the development of a new
scientific racism
.
In Germany at the beginning of 1870s and early 1880s, was coined the term "
antisemitism
" made explicit that to be
Jewish
in Germany was not simply.
The film tells the story of two Venice, Los Angeles brothers who become involved in the
neo-Nazi movement
. The older brother serves three years in prison for voluntary manslaughter, changes his beliefs and tries to prevent his brother from going down the same path.
Ibn Khaldun

Tunisian scholar
(1332-1406)
1)
Ageism or age discrimination

2)
Caste
3)

Disability
4)
Employment
5)
Language
6)
Nationality

7)
Race or ethnicity
8)
Region

9)
Religious Beliefs
10)
Sex,gender,and gender identity
Discrimination
is treatment or consideration of, or
making a distinction
in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit.
This includes treatment of an individual or group based on their actual or perceived membership in a certain group or social category,
"
in a way that is worse than the way people are usually treated
"
.

Why do we stereotype?
simplify our social world
stereotype reduce the amount of processing that we have to do when we meet a new person
Stereotypes:
One
advantage
of a stereotype is that it enables us to respond rapidly to situations because we may have had a similar experience before.
One
disadvantage
is that it makes us ignore differences between individuals; therefore we think things about people that might not be true (make generalizations).
Stereotypes probably tend to convey a negative impression. In fact
negative stereotypes
seem far more common than positive.
Prejudice emerge partly as a result of normal
human thinking
. In order to make sense of the world around us, it is important to synthesize informations into mental
categories
. In most cases when we know new individuals tend to combine them into categories to be able to memorised them and to associate to experiences previously stored.
categories
ingroup
outgroup
There are other factors that lead to the emergence of a bias, for example:


Upbringing:
experience gained in the first years of life, during the first socialization
Influence of the mass media:
the influence of the mass media (television, but also children's books, persuasive power)
Cultural influences and experiences following:
can arise at any time of life or are formed under the influence of their culture (Western, European, Italian)
PREJUDICE
‘It is easier to break an atom than a
prejudice
.’
Albert Einstein
‘People always judge the others using as model their own limits and sometimes the opinion of the community is full of
prejudices
and fears.’
Paulo Coelho

Prejudice
is that fool use instead of reason’
Voltaire
‘The
prejudice
it’s an opinion without judgement’
Voltaire
DISCRIMINATION COULD BE:
DIRECT
INDIRECT
MULTIPLE
'' All human beings were born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. "'
1st article of Human Rights
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