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Myths and heroes

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Lucile Catteau

on 22 September 2016

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Transcript of Myths and heroes

Myths and heroes
What is a myth?
• Another word for mythology
What is a hero(ine)?
• A being of extraordinary strength and courage, often of divine ancestry, who is celebrated for his exploits
Fictional superheroes
Mythical heroes
Why do we study them?
A myth representing an idea
Some objects, people stand as symbols for ideas, notions.

Hollywood represents the American Dream; the USA being perceived as the place where everything is possible.
Urban myths
Can we really see the China wall from space?
Characters
In novels, plays, comics
Mythology
There are many myths and legends around the world relating the stories of gods, goddess, and creatures...
Myths
In ancient time, people created stories to explain phenomena they couldn't explain, for example the discovery of fire.
• A man or a woman distinguished by exceptional courage, nobility, fortitude, etc…
• A person who has braved death / risked or sacrificed his or her life for others.
• The principal male or female character in a novel, a play, etc…
• A man or woman who is idealized for possessing superior qualities in any field.
• A traditional story concerning the early history of people or explaining a natural phenomenon or a social custom, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.
• An unfounded or false belief.
• A theme or character type embodying an idea.
• An allegory or parable.
• A person or thing whose existence is fictional or unproven
Martin Luther King
Gandhi
9/11 Firemen raising the flag at Ground Zero
Family members
Sportsmen
Eternal youth is another myth which is often studied
Arthurian round table
Loch Ness monster "Nessie"
A myth as an allegory
The myth of the cave is known and studied around the world

The allegory of the cave is presented by the Greek philosopher Plato in his work The Republic (514a–520a) to compare "the effect of education and the lack of it on our nature".
Eternal youth is another myth which is often studied
Legend or true story?
These heroes are not only strong and superhuman but they are also praised and recognized for their values and qualities
For the sake of his country, and for the sake of his people's freedom.

Gandhi believed in equality, and wanted to free India from British rule, but he wanted to enforce it by taking a non-violent approach.

Despite his non-violence, he still risked the well-being of himself, as well as his family, because he was arrested and also beaten numerous times.
Martin Luther King received frequent death threats due to his prominence in the Civil Rights Movement.

He had confronted the risk of death and made that recognition part of his philosophy.

He taught that murder could not stop the struggle for equal rights.
Gandhi, Martin Luther King risked their life. But others did too on various events, even if their names are not remembered.
Because they embody a collective identity. They are often universal and well-representative of how different cultures, from different periods and different places interpreted their own universe.
Studying them is actually studying ourselves.
Impossible! That's a myth!
Other icons more or less respectable
But people don't need to have superpowers to be exceptional
Full transcript