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The Archive of Lugalzagesi

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Ottorino Respighi

on 8 March 2015

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Transcript of The Archive of Lugalzagesi

What are we talking about today?
Why should one study administration?!
Outline
The historical and geographical context

Why archive?

Travels...and travellers

The archive itself

And then?
Zingst
The context
The historical context
A brief state of the art
How do we know that it's an archive?
Where else?
The Archive
Dates
Dimensions
General composition of the Archive
The dossiers
The "Field" dossier

The "Metal" dossier

The "Personnel" dossier
The "Field" dossier
- Field assignments

- Barley assignments

- Barley-Field texts
Field assignments
NBC 5850
2 + 1/4 iku gana2
2 + 1/2 iku giš-ša3 lu2-bappir
gana2 KU5 ki-duru5 kar-na4
Barley assignments
Barley-Field assignments
The "Metal" dossier
The "Personnel" dossier
A foretaste of bureaucratic terminology...
Towards a model of administration
Future
directions of the work
- (new) edition of the archive

- historical perspective

- "Umma in pre-Sargonic times"
Cooperation!

Palaeography:






- computer-assisted copies

- sign-list

- new considerations on the ductus
and on the ancient perception
of the writing space
"Rethinking the Writing Space:
Anatomy of Some Early Dynastic Signs"
Participating in the 60th RAI, July 2014

Workshop of “Current Research in Cuneiform Paleography”
Tell Ibzeikh -
Zabalam
Umm al-Aqarib / Jokha -
Umma
Babylonian Collection - Yale, New Haven (CT)
New York Public Library, NYC
Free Library of Philadelphia, Philadelphia (PA)
Bryn Mawr College, Bryn Mawr (PA)
Oriental Institute, Chicago (IL)
St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis (MO)
Yale 88

NYC 4

Philadelphia 3

Bryn Mawr 2

Chicago 4

St. Louis 1

British Museum, London
Musée du Louvre, Paris
Iraq Museum, Baghdad
London 4

Paris 1

Baghdad 1

USA?
Iraq Museum
İstanbul Arkeoloji Müzeleri
Louvre
Schøyen Collection
Any other private or unknown collection
Leipzig
Jena
YBC 5672
NBC 7015
Courtesy of the curators of the Babylonian Collection, Yale

Photos and graphic elaboration by the author
Courtesy of the curators of the Babylonian Collection, Yale

Photos and graphic elaboration by the author
Rome
Madrid
Warsaw
An archive of administrative documents from the end of ED period
daily life of real people

economic aspects of a civilization

a source for historical reconstruction

metrology

names, plenty of names...

lots of documents!
...sometimes they count!
Edgar James Banks
J. Elias Géjou
E. S. David
S. Pottesman
1932-34

correspondence between E. S. David
and J. F. Lewis about some texts from
"Tel-el-Bouzekh" (Tell Ibzeikh)
1931
First mention of these materials:
Last acquisition:
London
1987!
Purchased BEFORE WWII
Acquisitions:
Land administration
a-ša3 gid2-da

apin-la2

Grain administration
Metal administration
še aĝ2-ĝa2

še e3-a

še gub-ba GN

šum2-ma

gi4-a

šu ti-a

niĝ2-kas7-bi nu-ak
niĝ2-kas7-bi e-ak
account accomplished
account not accomplished
measured out field
rent
given
given back
received
measured barley
exited barley
barley at disposal of (stored in) GN
The geographical context
Temple of Innanna at Zabalam:
cultic center of Umma.

Administrative too?
Map from OBO 160/1
Powell, M. A.

1974
Evidence for Local Cults at Presargonic Zabala
. Conference paper
presented at the 21th RAI, Rome.

1976 Evidence for Local Cults at Presargonic Zabala. Pp. 100-104 in
Études
sur le Panthéon Systématique et les Panthéons Locaux
. Orientalia 45.
Ed. by Pettinato et al. Biblical Institute Press: Rome.

1978 Texts from the Time of Lugalzagesi. Problems and Perspectives in their
Interpretation.
HUCA
49: 1-58.

Steinkeller, P.

2003 The Question of Lugalzagesi's Origins. Pp. 621-637 in
Festschrift für
Burkhart Kienast
. AOAT 274. Ed. by G. Selz. Ugarit-Verlag: Münster.
Hackman, G. G.

1958
Sumerian and Akkadian Administrative Texts from Predynastic Times to the End of the
Akkad Dynasty
. BIN 8. Yale University Press: New Haven.
Bramanti, A.

2012 Testi amministrativi da Zabalam del Regno di Lugalzagesi. Unpublished M.A. thesis.
Sapienza - University of Rome.
End of ED IIIb
Rise of the Sargonic Empire
Conflict Umma - Lagaš
XXIVth century BCE
Lugalzagesi
son of U2.U2, ensi of Umma and lumah-priest of Nisaba

ensi of Umma and lumah-priest of Nisaba himself

defeats Urukagina of Lagash

lugal of Uruk, "king from the Lower Sea to the UpperSea"

defeated by Sargon of Akkad
Two royal inscriptions:
RIME E1.12.7, E1.14.20
SKL: 25 years
?
Central
administration
households
Outside
metal provisions
to ugula / ugula-nu-banda3
personnel
utensils
for the work in the fields
weapons
for the defense
of the allottments
land and grain
rents and redistributions
Today?
Jokha
Umm al-Aqarib
Ibzeikh (Zabalam)
Photo Credit: Italian Arm of Carabinieri, Operation "Antica Babilonia", 2003-2006
- Presence of groups of names
- Associations PN - profession
- Dates (when available)
- Coherence of the
cultic panorama
- Toponomastic data

- Palaeography
- Graphotactic (shape
and dimension of the tablets,
organization of the space,
writing techniques)



- Recent history of the materials (dealers, correspondences, dates of acquisition, collection numbers etc.)
Sapienza - Università di Roma
Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena

Armando Bramanti
Zingst, July 3rd 2014
The Archive of
Lugalzagesi

Public and/or private?
e2 d.anzu
e2 giš-ša3 / giš
e2 ud-gal2-kuš2
apin-la2 d.inanna zabalam.ki
še gub-ba zabalam.ki
Private households
VS?
Central administration
"Rethinking the Writing Space:
Anatomy of Some Early Dynastic Signs"
Participating in the 60th RAI, July 2014

Workshop of “Current Research in Cuneiform Paleography”
Warsaw
Full transcript