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Day No. 11: Other Classical Genres
Transcript of Day No. 11: Other Classical Genres
Genres many features of the symphony are represented in smaller
works of the classical era The Sonata sonata can refer to the form of a movement (sonata form)
sonata can also mean “a piece for a small number of instrumentalists”
trio sonatas (violin, ‘cello, and piano)
solo sonatas (piano sonatas)
violin sonata (for piano & violin)
sonatas were designed for smaller halls, like Salons, or private parties Mozart, Piano Sonata in Bb K.570 Movement No. 1 Movement No. 2 Movement No. 3 Sonata Form Rondo form
Coda feels like a Rondo Form
Episode 1- cdc’d’c'
Episode 2- efe’fe’
Cadence The Classical Concerto Instrumental virtuosity remained a central feature of classical music
Balance problems between the soloist and ensemble in the concerto grosso form Double Exposition Form Movement No. 1 Double Exposition Form a variation on the sonata form, but the exposition is repeated
the orchestral exposition does not modulate
solo exposition- does modulate
features a cadenza (extended solo) for the soloist at the end Mozart, Piano Concerto in A K. 488 Orchestral Exposition
Orchestra and soloist together
Another New Theme
Brief Coda The String Quartet Chamber music- a name for music designed to be played in a small room (versus a huge performance hall).
Between 2 and 9 players. Chamber Music Opera Buffa- comic opera, where the singers were expected to sing and act (the opposite of Opera Seria)
ensemble- a number sung by two or more people
compared to an aria (which is a static number) ensemble numbers were much more dynamic, swift, and tended to represent plots and the reactions of other characters. Opera Buffa an ensemble of four stringed instruments
were usually intended just for the performers, or small audiences---nothing like the grandeur of a symphony
usually a mutlimovement form, although not nearly as standardized as a symphony Peter Sellars Production MET Opera Production Mozart, Don Giovanni, Act I, Scene 3 a dark comedy---combination of opera buffa and seria
Story of Don Juan
Act I, Scene 3
Aria, “Ho Capito”
Duet, “La ci darem la mano”