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Day No. 11: Other Classical Genres

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Whitney George

on 31 May 2012

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Transcript of Day No. 11: Other Classical Genres

Genres many features of the symphony are represented in smaller
works of the classical era The Sonata sonata can refer to the form of a movement (sonata form)
sonata can also mean “a piece for a small number of instrumentalists”
trio sonatas (violin, ‘cello, and piano)
solo sonatas (piano sonatas)
violin sonata (for piano & violin)
sonatas were designed for smaller halls, like Salons, or private parties Mozart, Piano Sonata in Bb K.570 Movement No. 1 Movement No. 2 Movement No. 3 Sonata Form Rondo form
A- aababa
B- ccdc’dc’
A- a’
C- eeff
A- a’
Coda feels like a Rondo Form
A- aba
B- c
Episode 1- cdc’d’c'
Episode 2- efe’fe’
A- a
Coda- df
Cadence The Classical Concerto Instrumental virtuosity remained a central feature of classical music
Balance problems between the soloist and ensemble in the concerto grosso form Double Exposition Form Movement No. 1 Double Exposition Form a variation on the sonata form, but the exposition is repeated
the orchestral exposition does not modulate
solo exposition- does modulate
features a cadenza (extended solo) for the soloist at the end Mozart, Piano Concerto in A K. 488 Orchestral Exposition
Theme 1
Theme 2
Solo Exposition
Theme 1
Theme 2
Solo Passage
Orchestra and soloist together
Theme 1
Theme 2
New Theme
Another New Theme
Brief Coda The String Quartet Chamber music- a name for music designed to be played in a small room (versus a huge performance hall).
Between 2 and 9 players. Chamber Music Opera Buffa- comic opera, where the singers were expected to sing and act (the opposite of Opera Seria)
The Ensemble
ensemble- a number sung by two or more people
compared to an aria (which is a static number) ensemble numbers were much more dynamic, swift, and tended to represent plots and the reactions of other characters. Opera Buffa an ensemble of four stringed instruments
2 violins
were usually intended just for the performers, or small audiences---nothing like the grandeur of a symphony
usually a mutlimovement form, although not nearly as standardized as a symphony Peter Sellars Production MET Opera Production Mozart, Don Giovanni, Act I, Scene 3 a dark comedy---combination of opera buffa and seria
Story of Don Juan
Act I, Scene 3
Aria, “Ho Capito”
Duet, “La ci darem la mano”
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