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China's Population and its Effect on the Environment

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Brianna Taylor

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of China's Population and its Effect on the Environment

By: Brianna Taylor
China's Population and its Effect on the Environment
1 out of every 4 people walking
on Earth is Chinese
Transportation
Urbanization- the migration
from farms to the cities
By 2008, the use of chemical fertilizer
nearly doubled since 1990 which contributes to water & soil pollution
Water Pollution
Works Cited
As the most populous country in the world, China's environmental problems not only affect China but the rest of the world as well.
With its growing economy and technological advances, it is becoming a developed nation
China is ranked 78th in population density (lower than the U.K.)
Geography wise,
China is smaller than the U.S.
China's One-Child Policy
In 1979, China imposed a plan to significantly reduce its growing population
The Effects of the One-Child Policy
Schmidt, Charles W. "Economy And Environment China Seeks A Balance." Environmental Health Perspectives 110.9 (2002): A516. GreenFILE. Web. 1 Oct. 2012.
"China Attempts To Reduce Environmental Pollution." China Business Review 37.2 (2010): 40-42. GreenFILE. Web. 1 Oct. 2012.
Li, Weihua, Bo Chen, and Xuncheng Ding. "Environment and Reproductive Health in China: Challenges and Opportunities." Environmental Health Perspectives May 2012: A184+. GreenFILE. Web. 1 Oct. 2012.
Meulenberg, Claudia. "{Definitely} Probably One: A Generation Comes Of Age Underchina's One-Child Policy." World Watch 17.5 (2004): 31-34. GreenFILE. Web. 1 Oct. 2012.
Guthrie, Doug. China and Globalization: The Social, Economic and Political Transformation of Chinese Society. New York: Routledge, 2009. Print.
Air Pollution
Reproductive Health
Ways China is trying to be more
green

Air and water pollution not only have a negative effect on the environment, but on humans as well.
Although the Chinese still use bicycles as a means of transportation, the use of cars and other high gas emitting vehicles are increasing.
There are many social, health, and economical related aspects of the one- child policy.
China's Geography and Pop. Density
In Conclusion...
The Chinese government estimates that 120 million hectares for crop production should be maintained until 2020
Since 2005, 122 million hectares have been the current amount of land that is arable
"Central Intelligence Agency." CIA- The World Factbook. CIA, n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ch.html>.
Pictures/ Graphs
In 2001, it was reported that China had a higher amount of birth defects than most developed countries
Environmental pollution is believed to be a contributor to the increasing percent of birth defects (especially in urban areas)
This pollution is the result of increased use of energy and production of industrial waste over the past 30 years
Birth Defects & Health Concerns:
Infertility
Malformations
Stillbirths
Child growth rate & development
physically
puberty
mentally
socially
Childhood & adolescent overweight and obesity numbers triple
For the longest time, China was heavily dependent on coal for energy
Air pollution was often greater in rural areas often resulting in lung cancer
China is the world's 2nd largest emitter of greenhouse gases
In the cities, various respiratory
symptoms like a cough were more common
Half of China's water resources are considered too polluted for human use
More cars = greater use of fossil fuels, a higher demand for oil, competition for oil, pollution, etc.
China has become the second largest consumer of oil (only behind the U.S.)
More people move to the city for jobs and can now afford the cost of a car
Government had/has complete control over family planning
As part of its culture,
China has always favored
boys over girls

Due to favoritism toward boys, many baby girls are aborted, drowned, abandoned, or if lucky, adopted.
An estimated 300 million births have been prevented since the one-child policy was implemented
The number of international adoptions from China have decreased, as many adoptions have taken place domestically
For decades, China has been known as the most populated country in the world. As of 2012, it has reached over 1.3 billion people. Not only has this country become great in size, but it is on its way to becoming a developed nation due to its growing economy.
Despite the success as a nation, China will require great leadership in providing a sustainable means of living for future generations. Due to their huge size; China's consumption of natural resources, energy, land, food, etc. will have a great negative effect on the world if not handled properly.
Although it has
taken steps to reduce its population through its one-child policy
(successfully), the fact that it's becoming a highly developed nation will increase its need for natural resources.
That, in turn, will impact water quality, scarcity of food, fuel consumption, and other global issues that have been examined in this course.
Yong, Rong. "Authentic China Photos." National Geographic. N.p., Jan.-Feb. 2008. Web. 16 Oct. 2012. <http://travel.nationalgeographic.com/travel/countries/authentic-china-photos-traveler/>.
"Farmland Forecast: China Running Out of Farmland." Farmland Forecast. Colvin & Co., 27 Oct. 2010. Web. 14 Oct. 2012. <http://farmlandforecast.colvin-co.com/2010/10/27/china-running-out-of-farmland.aspx>.
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