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Origin of Christianity
Transcript of Origin of Christianity
According to the Bible,
a small town called
(BETH-li-hem) at the end of the
first century BC
and was raised in
Jesus’s mother, Mary, was married to a carpenter named Joseph. But
was Jesus’s father.
Who IS Jesus?
Jesus of Nazareth was the man many people believed was the
—a great leader the ancient Jews predicted would come to restore the greatness of Israel.
Jesus’s life and teachings form the basis of a religion called
. His story is outlined in the Christian holy book,
The Life of Jesus
As a young man Jesus lived in the town
of Nazareth and studied with Joseph to become a
. Like many young Jewish men of the time, Jesus also
studied the laws and teachings of Judaism.
At about the age of 30, Jesus had begun to travel around, perform
and teaching about
. Stories of his teachings and actions from this time make up the beginning of the New Testament.
Jesus drew many followers with his ideas. At the same time, his teachings challenged the authority of political and religious leaders. They
him for this and he was
(death being nailed to a cross).
rose from the dead
and vanished from his tomb three days after he was crucified. Now Christians refer to Jesus’s rise from the dead as the
After the Resurrection, Jesus appeared to the
(his followers) and taught them how to spread his message.
In the first century AD, Roman soldiers occupied Judea, but the Jews living there held firmly to their own beliefs and customs. During that time, one religious teacher began to attract large followings among the people of Judea. That teacher was
Jesus of Nazareth
Teachings of Jesus
During his lifetime, Jesus traveled from village to village spreading his message and performing
among the Jewish people. Through this, many believed Jesus was the
Son of God
. As he traveled, he attracted many followers. These early followers later became the first Christians.
Jesus' First Message
Much of Jesus’s message was rooted in older
. He emphasized two rules that were also in the Torah:
love God and love other people.
Jesus expected his followers to
love all people
, not just friends and family. He encouraged his followers to
to the poor and the sick. He told people that they should even
love their enemies
Another important theme in Jesus’s teachings was
, or the
rescue of people from sin
. Jesus taught that people who were saved from sin
would enter the Kingdom of God
when they died. Many of his teachings dealt with how people could reach God’s kingdom.
were 12 men whom Jesus chose to receive special teaching. During Jesus’s lifetime they were among his
and knew him very well. Jesus frequently sent the Apostles to spread his teachings.
, became the leader of the Apostles after Jesus died.
to a few Roman cities
about Jesus in the Jewish communities there.
(Matthew, Mark, Luke, John)
first four books
of the New Testament and are all
accounts of Jesus' life and teachings
, told by different men.
Probably the most important person in the spread of Christianity after Jesus’s death was
Paul of Tarsus
. Although he had never met Jesus,
Paul did more to spread Christian beliefs and ideals than anyone else.
He had so much influence that many people think of him as another Apostle. After Paul died, he was named a saint, a person known and admired for his or her holiness.
As Christianity became more popular, some
became concerned. They looked for ways to put an end to this new religion. Some of these officials even arrested and killed Christians who refused to worship the gods of Rome. For these reasons, Christians were forced to
meet in secret
Most of Rome’s emperors were
and let Christians worship as they pleased. However, a few emperors in the 200s and 300s feared that the Christians could cause unrest in the empire. To prevent such unrest, these emperors banned Christianity.
I can describe the
origin (people, place, time) of Christianity.
I can explain
the basic beliefs
I can describe how a person's religion affects how they live and treat others.
great leader the Jews felt would
come to restore Israel's greatness
portion of Bible written before Jesus'
time. Hebrew Bible is most of Old Test.
portion of Bible that tells the history,
story and teachings of Jesus' time and beyond.
a follower, in this case, of Christianity
story that teaches a lesson on how to live,
often told in easy-to-understand manner
a person admired for their holiness
Check for Understanding
(on 1/4 Sheet of paper)
1. What is the origin (person, place, time)
2. As a youth, what two things did Jesus
The Spread of Christianity
Check for Understanding
(on your 1/4 Sheet)
3. Why were the Roman leaders
fearful of Jesus?
4. What were Jesus' two main
1. What cities had Christian populations in 300?
2. Why does Asia Minor have so many Christian
(map on page 54 in your textbook)