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The Little Rock Nine & Jackie Robinson

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by

Hank Royal

on 16 October 2014

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Transcript of The Little Rock Nine & Jackie Robinson

Main event in the Civil Rights Movement
Nine Black students enrolled at a formerly all- white Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas
This tested a landmark 1954 Supreme Court ruling declared segregation unconstitutional
The Little Rock Nine & Jackie Robinson
What was The Little Rock Nine?
Protection for The Little Rock Nine
Governor Orval Faubus of Arkansas called in the state National Guard to bar the black students' on their entry into the school
Later in the month President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent in federal troops to escort "The Little Rock Nine" into the school
They rode to school in Army station wagons
Each or the teenagers had their own security guard
Who Were the Little Rock Nine
The nine students included Minnijean Brown, Elizabeth Eckford, Ernest Green, Thelma Mothershed, Melba Patillo, Gloria Ray, Terrence Roberts, Jefferson Thomas and Carlotta Walls
These students had been recruited by the President of the Arkansas NAACP, Daisy Gaston Gates
The Little Rock Nine
When: September 4, 1957
Where: Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas
Who: Nine African American students
Jackie Robinson
Born: January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia
Died: October 24,1972 in Stamford, Connecticut
first African American, American baseball player to play Major League Baseball
had three children

American Baseball Career
first African American to play American Major League Baseball
Debut game was on April 5, 1947
Played from 1947 to 1956
He was number 42 for the Brooklyn Dodgers
Positions: First Baseman, infielder, second baseman, running back, and shortstop
Inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962
Jackie Robinson Day
Traditional event occuring annually in Major League Baseball
Commemorates and honors the day Jackie Robinson made his major league debut
Opening day was on April 15, 1947; Robinson's first season in the Major Leagues
The Jackie Robinson Foundation
Founded by Rachel Robinson in 1973
Public, non-profit national organization the commemorates the memory of Jackie Robinson and his achievements
It provides educational and leadership development opportunities for colored students with strong capabilities, but limited finances
Robinson's Impact on the Civil Rights Movement
Robinson was faced with many insults and threats due to his race
Handled the abuse with grace and courage
This inspired a generation of African Americans to question the doctrine of "separate but equal"
Helped shape the Civil Rights Movement
http://nieonline.com/includes/2012blackhistory/separate.htm
Full transcript