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Drugs in the 70s, 80s, 90s, and Now
Transcript of Drugs in the 70s, 80s, 90s, and Now
-It was frequently used by youth because it was cheap, plentiful, and highly addictive.
-It was also glamorized by hollywood.
-Cocaine played a part in the lives of every social class.
-It evolved into rock cocaine or "crack," which became a lower class version of powder cocaine.
-In the 80s, 1 gram of cocaine cost around $600. The cost has declined since then.
-The best treatment for no relapse was medical treatment, which was not always easily accessible.
-In a 1986 poll, crack and cocaine won out over alchohol for most abused drug.
-Numbers began to rise for people jailed for nonviolent drug use in the 80s.
-There were several anti-drug policies such as "Just Say No" and DARE that lessened cocaine use in following decades. -The 90's, in light of the Grunge Movement, saw a sharp increase in drug usage. In 1999, 34% of Americans had tried marijuana, and while teen usage dropped, its overall usage spiked.
-Stronger, purer versions of marijuana became available, providing highs only injections could create with less potent drugs of a few years prior.
-In particular, there was a noticeable increase in marijuana and alcohol. Crack and cocaine exploded in ghetto communities, before spreading into suburban communities.
-Meth began becoming popular in the US, with increased shipments from drug cartels in Mexico.
-The Drug War peaked in the early 90s, with crackdowns on marijuana and meth.
-LSD use increased, though the potency was almost a tenth of what it was in the 1960s.
-Heroin imports from Central America increased as well, as usage across the country increased. -Popularity of LSD (acid) was increasing.
-Mexican pot crops were eradicated with Paraquat, a herbicide with toxic side effects.
-Cocaine, heroin, "ups and downs" (street name for amphetamines and barbiturates), and alcohol also gained popularity.
-The music industry supported drug use through images of rock legends that were high.
-In the late 70s, the Nixon administration cracked down on LSD users by increasing arrests and lengthening sentences as well as restricting access to base chemicals required.
-Nixon even put pot in Schedule One, the most restrictive category of drugs.
-When the Carter administration was inaugurated, one of his platforms was to decriminalize marijuana. http://www.drugpolicy.org/new-solutions-drug-policy/brief-history-drug-war
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2064018/Ecstasy-makes-comeback-The-rave-drug-1990s-time-stronger-pricier-powder-form.html -President Obama has advocated for several
reforms in drug policy, such as:
-reducing the sentence on crack and powder use
-ending the ban on federal funding for syringe access
-supporting state-level medical marijuana laws -White House drug policies in 2012:
-strengthen prevention efforts
-seek early intervention opportunities
-integrate treatment into health care policies
-disrupt domestic trafficking and production
-improve information systems
-educate the police force better on identifying drugged drivers
-standardize screening procedures for drug labs to use in detecting drugs -price of Meth: $90/gram
-price of Marijuana: $200-$400/ounce