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Classical Architecture

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on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of Classical Architecture

Classical Architecture is a style of building and design. Originally designed by the Greeks and Romans, it has become widely recognized and has played a major role in making the world look as it looks today.
What is Classical Architecture?
Classical Architecture is architecture that was inspired by the the Romans and Greeks. It has a balanced, clean aesthetic that allows it to appear independent, sturdy, and inspiring.
What did it look like?
Perhaps Classical Architecture's most prominently recognized physical feature is its columns. Often, these columns are used for supporting a triangular plane which, in turn, supports the roof. (see picture) In addition, domes are a major element that is widely recognized.
How it is Used Today?
Back Then...
Classical Architecture
Classical Architecture

Classical Architecture was first seen around
600 BC. and has been used since.
How did it come to be?
Classical Architecture was influenced by great minds and geography. For example, a large notch between hills would be a great place for an amphitheater. Pillars and open spaces allowed wind to move through some of the buildings for cooling.

Pillars are a great example of what people call "form and function". Not only do they provide solid support for a roof and ceiling, but they are inspiring to look at and have a stately elegance.

Let's explore some of the different styles of columns.
The doric style is one of the earlier styles. It is simpler but easier to make.
The Ionic style is interesting because it is much lighter in appearance than the Doric style, and it is much thinner as well.
Because it is thinner than the Doric style, it needs more columns to support the weight.
The Corinthian style is extremely similar to the Ionian style, but it is more ornate and beautifully carved.
Domes are an extremely essential architectual breakthrough. They allowed large weights to be balanced evenly and were the basis of many other innovations.
A Purposeful Design
Greek architecture was made to be extremely sturdy to withstand bold winters and scorching summers.
People still use many elements from classical architecture today. For example, the Capitol Building uses colums and domes from Greek architecture. But if you look closely, almost all buildings today contain pieces of classical architecture. Domes, columns, and triangular frames above columns are all major traits specific to the Greeks and Romans. Arches are also still used today, for example in door frames and bridges. Without these influential architectural concepts, our world would probably look majorly different from how it looks today; no columns, arches, or domes. The next slide shows some examples that exist in today's modern culture.
Classical architecture is a distinct form of architecture made famous for its traits. It has shaped the world today, and influenced the world since long before now. Knowing this, maybe you'll think a little deeper the next time you see an arch, column, or dome!
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Squires, Nick.
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