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Canada in the 1850's

Canadian History

James Freire

on 18 May 2016

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Transcript of Canada in the 1850's

Canada in the 1850's
Introduction: Welcome to the prezi-ified world map! We will look at many questions about Canada in the 1850's. Let's get going...
Pretty big, but that's not saying much. There were over one million people, and 8.9% of them lived in the five largest communities.

These five communities were:
Montreal, with 57 175 people
Quebec city, with 42 052 people
Toronto, with 30 775 people
Bytown (Ottawa), with 21 734 people
Kingston, with 11 585 people
How large was the population?

The answer is no, it was nowhere close to as diverse as we are today. Back then visible minorities were 0.8% of the population (14 140 people) and the other 99.2% (1 753 360 people) were Caucasian.
Was the population as diverse as it is today?
Of course it was, without it Canada may not have been what it is today. Lots of people were immigrating to Canada (325 000 people), but at the same time people were
from Canada (170 000 people) as well, because they thought that farming in Canada was to hard. They left to developing U.S. Cities. where there were many job opportunities.
Was immigration an important factor?
The work they did ranged from a farmer to privately wealthy. Most of the jobs they had are still around today. There was a low demand for skilled work and therefore many people had little education.
What kind of work did people do?
Welcome to Canada!
First, immigrants came to Canada...

But why? Well, they came for many reasons, but mostly because of promises of free or cheap land. Some stayed in Canada for only a short while because they thought farming in Canada was too hard.
This is probably what the ships they used looked like.
Are we there yet?
Comparison to today
This comparison section will compare the population of Quebec and Ontario in 1851 to current day Ontario and Quebec.

1851: Today:

Quebec's population was: 890 261 Quebec's population is: 8 028 400

Ontario's population was: 952 004 Ontario's population is: 13 472 400

Now onto section two...
Table of contents:
section one: How large was the population?
section two: Was the population as diverse as it is today?
section three: Was immigration an important factor?
section four: What kind of work did people do?
section five: How much did people earn?
section six: How much did goods cost?
section seven: What characteristics made good immigrants to the Canadas?

Let the journey begin......
Comparison to today
This bar graph shows the 10 largest visual minority populations of Ontario in 2011
Ontario's visual minority population:
Quebec's visual minority population is:
Black: 3.2% - Arab: 2.2% - Latin American: 1.5% - South Asian: 1.1% - Chinese: 1.1% - Southeast Asian: 0.9% - Filipino: 0.4% - West Asian: 0.9% - Korean: 0.1% - Japanese: 0.1%


Ontario and Quebec's visible minority population combined:
1 767 500
Here we'll look at the visual minority population of Ontario and Quebec, then and now:
section three is waiting, let's go...
By The Way
To emigrate means to leave your own country so you can settle permanently in another. In other words it's the opposite of immigrating.
Prezi-ified world map

By: James Freire

Comparison to today
In this comparison we will look at the immigration and emigration of Quebec and Ontario then and now.
Farming in Canada is hard.
Then what are we waiting for? Lets go!
I hear there are better job opportunities in the U.S.
Ontario: 2013-2014
Immigration: 100 000
Emigration: 15 000
(This applies to Quebec and Ontario)
Comparison to today
Now we're going to compare the jobs of people in 1851 to today.
Jobs (once again, this
applies to both
Ontario jobs (top 5):

Quebec jobs (top 5):
How much did people earn?
Not very much, especially for women,who were paid much less then men. On top of that they had very few employment options.
This chart shows some jobs people could have had.
Comparison to today
we will now compare the wages of people by job in 1851 to today.
1851: Just like last comparison, this applies to both provinces
Ontario: Quebec:
How much did goods cost?
Talk about a super sale! The prices back then were so low that not even the best of today's sales could match, or even get close to the prices back then. Let's say you all have five dollars, now what would you do with it?

If you were in 1851 you would have to work for at least one month and eight days (any 31 day month goes) if you were female and at least a week if you were male to get five dollars. With that money you would be able to buy blankets for $1.25... four times! Today blankets (the standard type) cost around 80 times that amount.
These are some other prices of items in 1851.
Why are we upside down?
Comparison to today

In this comparison I have written a short paragraph comparing the cost of goods of 1851 to today.

The difference between the prices of the two times is very clear, back then the prices were extremely low (compared to today). If a person living in the 1850's were to be told that in less than two centuries the price for a simple blanket would be 80 times greater than what they pay now they would probably think the other person had no sense. The cause of our high prices is called
. It means an overall increase in prices and decrease in the purchasing value of money.
By the way
Inflation means an overall increase in prices and decrease in the purchasing value of money.
What characteristics made good immigrants to the Canadas?
Farming in Canada was hard, so you had to be a hard worker to survive if you were a farmer. Other things farmers had to do were:
build a shelter for themselves and their families to live in
build fences for their animals
do work by hand or with the help of horses

Townspeople had to:
find some where to live and jobs to survive Accommodation was generally poor and jobs were very hard.

One of the immigrants to Canada was Catharine Parr Traill:
she immigrate to Canada in 1832 with her husband who was Scottish.
she wrote about pioneer life.
Comparison to today
In this last comparison we will look at the characteristics of immigrants then and now.
Both come from a different country, but may have come by different means of transportation or for different reasons. They may have been also a different race or religion. Lastly they may have stayed for a different time and in a different part in Canada.
Don't forget the resources:
Full transcript