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Transcript of Imperialism- india
Christianity was introduced in Indian by the Europeans 1600 –
Queen Elizabeth I contract with the East Indian Company establishing Trading posts in multiple places in India like Bombay, Calcutta and Madras 1857-
On May 10th was the first war of Indian independence or what the British call the Indian Mutiny (rebel against an authority) where Indian troops rebelled against British rule in India.
The Indian Mutiny was a failed rebellion against the British government. It started in Meerut and then spread to Delhi, Agra, Cawnpore, and Lucknow. The Indians did not like the Westernization that was occurring rapidly and that was affecting the Hindu and Muslim societies. New western technology and education was going against the beliefs or both religions and the upper class citizens were being bumped out of their status by the British.
As a result of the mutiny the transferring of governing occurred. Power transferred from the Government of India to the East Indian Company to the British Crown. The British ruled India through an Indian government representative also known as the British Raj 1876-
Queen Victoria was titled the Empress of India 1905-
The British Government Divided the Muslims and Hindus into different sections. 1914-1918
the First World War began 1919-
Mohandas Gandhi became leader of The Indian Independence movement and the Indian national congress. 1939-
World War II began on September 3rd when the UK declared war on Germany 1940-
Muhammad Ali Jinnah declared that a new country should be created for the Muslims and was to be called Pakistan. 1945-
World War II ended in August after the US dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki 1946-
India was granted independence by Britain 1947-
The country was divided into two countries, Pakistan and India, as was decided by the British and Indian leaders.
On August 15th 1947 India became and Independent country and it became the biggest democracy in the world.
Gandhi was assassinated (January 30th) 1950-
26th of January- A new Indian government was formed and Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Indian Prime Minister. Timeline of Indian Events Imperialism in India
By Jennifer Whetter My sources:
More inportant information about colonizaion in India Where is India located?
- South East Asia
- Boarders the Arabian sea and the Bay of Bengal
- Lies between Burma and Pakistan. Why would any nation want to colonize this area?
1) Raw materials such as Silk, diamonds, opium, tea, cotton
3) Cheap labor
4) Power and Wealth When did this area become colonized?
- In 1858 India became colonized by Britain
- In the 1600-1700s France colonized parts of India creating “French India”
- In the1500s-1700s the Portuguese colonized India
Which countries colonized this area?
- The British Empire (90 years)
- Portugal (only colonized small parts of India) Benefits dor the indiginous people:
* Western education
* New laws
* When Britain colonized India they installed 40,000 miles of railroad a made 70,000 miles of roads making it much easier for anyone to travel across India.
* 30,000 acres of land were used for agriculture and the British helped their food supply
* Introduced more developed irrigation systems
* There was no more famine
* Established courts of justice
Drawbacks for the indiginous
* Erased cultures, languages and traditions
* They “mommied” the Indians country.
* Many Indians became unemployed Benefits for the colonizers
* Cheap labour
* Raw materials
* They expanded their empire
* More efficient trade routes
* Power and wealth
Drawbacks for the colonizers
* More responsibiliy
* Needed a bigger military
* Mutiny How did Britain gain control over India?
The Indians were going through some trouble and they had many debts because the current leader had a goal to “develop” India. When his plan failed Britain promised that if India allowed them to take over and have control of India the Indians would get a better life because:
- They would develop India
- They would create a more efficient trading route and Indians would become wealthy and famine would end.
- They would receive westernized education
Who were the key people involved in this movement?
- Mahatma Ghandi (He was the India Ruler at the time and he helped the Indians become independent)
- Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru – helped Mahatma Ghandi develop movements against the British so India could become Independent
- Vallabhai Patel– helped Mahatma Ghandi develop movements against the British so India could become Independent What long lasting influences have stayed in India even though they have become independent?
- They drive on the left side of the road
- Western education
- Western technology
- English in their second language
- The British created a policy that divided the Muslims and the Hindus. These separations soon lead to the creation of two different countries that are still separated today. Did the colonized area/country ever gain independence from their colonizers?
- India became independent on August 15th 1947 and it became a territory under the authority of the British Commonwealth.
- A company called the British East Indian Company gained a lot of power of the internal affairs of India.
- The strict and unpleasant attitudes of the British led to rebelling groups that began to strengthen.
- When people rebelled and fought for the rights of Indians the British were very brutal and they would not accept it. A British policy led to a divide of the Muslims and the Hindus.
- In 1920 the fight for independence began to get very aggressive and Mahatma Ghandi developed many movements against the British including the non-cooperation movement (1920-1922), and the Disobedience movement these movements continued in to the 1930s and continued to grow stronger throughout the Second World War.
- It was hoped that after the Second World War that the British would leave, but the British were stubborn and would not leave until 1942 when Mahatma Ghandi began the “Quit India Movement” but the British still did not leave India until August 15th 1947.
-The ongoing riots between the Muslims and the Hindus lead to the Creation of two countries that are now called India and Pakistan. The Muslims continued life in Pakistan while the Hindus lived in India.
-India has become the largest democracy in the world.
India Imperialism in india by Jennifer Whetter