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Anesthesiology

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by

Jessica Stair

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Anesthesiology

By Jessica Stair and
Bailey Pifer Anesthesiologist Career Ladder History Current methods and Techniques Most Anesthetics are given through an IV. Although it is also common for a patient to inhale the anesthetics. The patient is monitored very closely by the anesthesiologist throughout the surgery, the patients anesthetics are adjusted throughout the surgery and in the recovery process. Typical Day According to William Baker, who has been an anesthesiologist for 18 years in Alabama, he gets into work at 6:00 am to start review cases for the surgeries for that day. He usually gets out of the OR by 3:00, but then he still has to prep the next day case files. He usually arrives home before 5 but he is often on call.
He has 6 vacation weeks a year and when he had his private practice he worked around 80 hours a week but in the hospitals it is often around 45 hours. He can work any day of the week and at any hour. Training/ Education Recommended High School Courses
Biology
Chemistry
Math Ethical issues Anesthesiologist are under constant pressure to make life or death calls. But they also must deal with doing what is best for the patient. When in college Anesthesiologist must take a class on ethics to learn how to deal with some of the situations that come their way. It is their job to make their best judgement call but sometimes it is not so clear on what the right call is. Benefits/ Earnings The average salary for an anesthesiologist is $321,686 a year. Future Outlook You can further specialize into pain control or critical care. These can take another 1-3 years to specialize. Two Major Career paths Surgical
Monitor administration of anesthetics during surgery
Watch Vitals to adjust anesthetics accordingly
After surgery monitor recovery and keep the pain level at a minimal. Emergency
Assess the patients
Get pain as low as possible
Administer the appropriate anesthetics to help the patient Before modern anesthetics were developed surgeons used alcohol, herbs, and sometimes hit the person to knock them unconscious. Laughing gas was discovered in 1772 by Joseph Priestley James Simpson pioneered the use of chloroform
1838 October 16, 1846, Ether was to knock a patient out while a tumor was removed from his jaw. Ethyl Chloride is popularized as a general anesthetic.
1903 21st January 1923
Arno B. Luckhardt administers the first ethylene-oxygen anesthetic Sources http://www.histansoc.org.uk/timeline.html Future Trends According to the paper published in 2011 by Patricia A. Kapur, M.D, anesthesiology is heading in the direction of becoming more technological. New machines for advanced noninvasive cardiovascular testing, which allows them to assess if the patient is at a risk for anesthetics. Computer controlled infusion, and noninvasive monitoring techniques. http://www.csahq.org/pdf/bulletin/future_57_3.pdf http://www.netwellness.org/healthtopics/anesthesiology/anesthesiamethods.cfm http://studentdoctor.net/2007/08/20-questions-with-dr-william-baker-anesthesiologist/ It's not so much physical demand as it is emotional. The stress with being an anesthesiologist is constant and it takes a toll on most people. Many take a lot of vacation time, some of which is mandatory, to get away from the stress. Recommended Colleges University of Pittsburgh
(Mercy Hospital Program) College years:
4 years of Undergraduate
4 years of Medical School
4 years of Residency training
2-4 years of specialized training University of California
San Francisco 2-4 years to specialize in either surgical or emergency anesthetics. $32,308- Tuition per year
$ 3,840- Room and Food
$ 600- Books/ Supplies/ miscellaneous
_______
$36,748 per year $38,884- Tuition Fees
$12,640- Room and Board
$ 1,500- Book and Supplies
________
$53,024 per year
Undergraduate, post baccalaureate, and graduate records
MCAT scores
Exposure to the practice of medicine
Research
Work experience
Extracurricular activities, volunteer activities, community service, student government, hobbies, clubs, and athletics
Academic and personal recommendations
Personal character
Supplemental essays
Personal interviews Academic Performance
Commitment to Diversity
MCAT Scores
Undergraduate Majors
Course Requirements http://journals.lww.com/anesthesiology/Fulltext/1997/08000/An_Introduction_To_Ethics.28.aspx Quiz 1. What are the two different paths Anesthesiologist can choose from? 2. What is the National Board called? 3. How many weeks of vacation do Anesthesiologist get? 4. How are most anesthetics given? Personal Qualities Personal Qualities Needed:
Compassion
Responsibility
Respect
Caring
Able to deal with high stress situations
Time Management
Respect Diversity Licensed/ Certification To become licensed you must graduate from one of the certified colleges 6 weeks paid vacation Pass USMLE test Pass state exam to become licensed in that state. National board is American Board of Anesthesiology. (ABA) Hospital insures most Anesthesiologist Many Job openings all over the states The job outlook for anesthesiologist is expected to increase because of the baby boomers. It is expected to increase 20-25% by 2018. The exact number of hours of continuing education varies for each state. Average is 25 hours, and hours must meet the requirements by the ABA. 5. What is one of the qualities an Anesthesiologist would need?
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