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Malcolm X (Malcolm Little)
Transcript of Malcolm X (Malcolm Little)
Assassinated: Feb. 21, 1965 Malcolm Little BACKGROUND Malcolm X (birth name Malcolm Little) was born May 19 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska. His father a minister, and his mother a stay at home mom. He grew up with seven siblings, so his mother spent most of her time just helping with the children. When Malcolm was four their house burnt down, due to the Littles' effort to elude the Black Legion. When Malcolm was six, his father died, shot by white men who had not liked the work he did in the UNIA (Universal Negro Improvement Association). In 1938, Malcolm's mother was declared "insane" and sent to a mental institute for twenty-six years. After that, Malcolm and his siblings had been sent to different foster homes. Malcolm's Later Life Malcolm's education was rather fantastic, all up until junior high when a teacher told him that his dream of becoming a lawyer was not in his favor considering he was colored. Due to this, Malcolm dropped out of school and moved to Boston, there he worked many odd jobs. A few years later he traveled to New York, there he committed many little crimes. By 1942 he was coordinating in various illigal substances such as narcodics and gambling rings. In 1946 Malcolm and a close friend were arrested and convicted on burglary charges, they were sentenced ten years in jail. When he got out of jail Malcolm decided to further his education.He began studying the NOI, which was teaching that the white people actively worked to keep African-Americans from over-powering themselves and achieving political, economical, and social success. The NOI fought for a state of their own, separate from the one over-ruled by white people. By the time Malcolm was paroled in 1952, he changed his last name to "X". He did this because in his view, "Little" was considered a slave name and chose "X" to signify his lost tribal name. A few years after Malcolm joined the NOI he discovered that his mentor, Elijah Muhammid, secretly had inappropriate adult relationships with so much as six women participating in the NOI. Malcolm had been great friends with Elijah and had now lost complete trust of the NOI organization, In 1964 Malcolm ended his relationship with the NOI and moved froward to produce his own religious organization, called The Muslim Mosque. That same year, Malcolm made a trip to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. He found his trip to be "life altering". He said that he felt that for the first time he was capable of sharing his thought and beliefs with other cultures, and found it to be an "overwhelmingly positive experience". Malcolm also said that when he returned to the United States he had a new perspective on integration and hope for the future. VIDEO http://video.pbs.org/video/2112665804/ TIMELINE WOW Facts Bibliography Quotes Symbol of perseverance After Malcolm resigned from the NOI he told people of Elijah Mahammad's relations with the women also associated with the NOI. This led to many death threats to Malcolm. Many people were out to assassinate him. One incident, he almost did die, one undercover officer had been ordered to help place a bomb into Malcolm's car. Soon enough Malcom decided that he was not capable of traveling anywhere without a bodyguard. On February 15, 1965 the house of Malcolm, his wife Betty, and their four daughters, was firebombed. They all escaped safely. One week later, Malcolm was assassinated. At a speaking arrangement in the Manhattan Audubon Ballroom on Feb. 21, 1965. The three gunmen rushed Malcolm onstage and had shot him fifteen times at close range. Born- May 19, 1925 1940- drops out of school- age 15 1946- Sent to prison for burglary 1949-1951- studied at NOI 1952- out of prisin, changes name to Malcolm "X" Jan. 14, 1958- Marries Betty X March 1964- leave NOI. Starts Muslim Mosque Inc. Assassinated- Feb 21, 1965 "If you're not ready to die for it, take the word 'freedom' out of your vocabulary."- Malcolm X "When I'm born I'm Black, when I grow up I'm Black, when I'm in the cold I'm Black, when I'm in the sun I'm Black, when I'm sick I'm Black, when I die I'm Black. And you... When you're born you're Pink, when you grow up you're White, when you're in the cold you're Blue, when you're in the sun Red, when you're sick you're Green, when you die you're Purple. And you dare to call ME a colored....". Malcolm X. (n.d.). Colorado State University - Fort Collins. Retrieved January 7, 2013, from http://www.colostate.edu/orgs/MSA/find_more/ Malcolm X. (n.d.). OoCities - Geocities Archive / Geocities Mirror. Retrieved January 7, 2013, from http://www.oocities.org/SoHo/9145/malcin1.htm Malcolm X Quotes - BrainyQuote. (n.d.). Famous Quotes at BrainyQuote. Retrieved January 7, 2013, from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/m MalcolmX.com. (n.d.). MalcolmX.com. Retrieved January 7, 2013, from http://www.malcolmx.com/about/bio.html ("NOI" stands for "Nation of Islam) •One of Malcolm's nicknames as a teen was "Detroit Red", or "Big Red" •Malcolm went to Pleasant Grove Elementary school, in East Lansing, Michigan "Malcolm X — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts." History.com — History Made Every Day — American & World History. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2013. <http://www.history.com/topics/malcolm-x>. www.elcivics.com. "Malcolm X Lesson | Photos and Facts." Civics Lessons and EL Civics Activities for ESL Students. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2013. <http://www.elcivics.com/malcolm-x-lesson.html>. I think that Malcolm X was a very strong person who had persevered a lot through his life. Starting with his father dying, all the way up to the people attempting to murder him before he had passed away. I picked a flag to represent the freedom he stood up for.