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Anaximenes of Miletus
Transcript of Anaximenes of Miletus
(died 500 B.C.E)
Who was he?
He was a Greek philosopher.
First philosopher to insist on a physical law governing the universe
His work has been lost and most of what we know about Anaximenes comes from the work of other philosophers such as Aristotle.
What were his ideas?
Anaximenes thought that everything was interlinked to air, (aer).
He believed that air was an invisible basic substance that could become visible as clouds, water, ice, and consequently stone and earth. It could also expand (rarefaction) instead of condense, becoming air, turning hot and finally become fire.
His process of thinking...
By the different processes air went through, he could explain all other forms of matter.
He also got to the conclusion that air was what gave humans life, therefore air possessed life.
What were the results of his observations?
His observations lead to a new beginning where "nothing can come out of nothing and that everything remains the same forever."
This lies at the bottom of all the conservation laws.
"Anaximenes." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. Student Resources In Context. Web. 26 Aug. 2013
Ancient Philosophy: From 600 BCE to 500 CE. Ed. Brian Duignan. The History of Philosophy New York: Britannica Educational Publishing with Rosen Educational Services, 2011. p18-24. Word Count: 1584.
*Anaxagoras adopted his theory of how the materials of the world arise
*Melissus and Plato both see his theory as a common explanation of change
*Diogenes of Apollonia uses air as the basis of his monistic theory