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Rachel Young

on 12 September 2013

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Transcript of Sun

Our Solar System
Mass- 0.055 (Earth Mass)
Temperature- average temperature is 332 degrees Fahrenheit
Distance from the sun- 58 million km
Orbit-88 days
Color- grayish orange
Rotation-59 days
Diameter- 4880 km
Mercury's atmosphere is very weak containing hydrogen, helium, oxygen, sodium, calcium, potassium, and water vapor.
Mass- 0.815 (Earth Mass)
Temperature- average temperature is 860 degrees Fahrenheit
Distance from the sun- 108 million km
Diameter- 12,100 km
Orbit- 224.7 days
Rotation-243 days
Color-brownish yellow
The atmosphere of Venus is denser and hotter than Earths. It has thin clouds of sulfuric acid but the main gases in the atmosphere include carbon dioxide and nitrogen.

Mass- 5.972E24 kg
Temperature- average temperature is about 57 to 58 degrees
Earth's shape is an oblique sphere
Distance from the sun- 149.6 km(1 AU)
Diameter- 12,756 km
Orbit-365 days
Rotation-24 hours
Planet most suitable to support life.
The atmosphere of Earth is a layer of gases that surround the planet. They are held back by Earth's gravity. The atmosphere protects the living creatures on Earth by taking in UV solar radiation and warming the surface through the greenhouse effect.
Mass- 0.107 (Earth Mass)
Temperature- average temperature is -60 degrees Fahrenheit
The atmosphere is thin and 95% carbon dioxide.
Distance from the sun- 228 million km
Diameter- 6,795 km
Orbit-687 days
Rotation- 24.6 hours
Mars is very cold with craters, volcanoes, and canyons.
Mars' and Venus' atmospheres are similar, they are both made of primarily carbon dioxide except Mars' atmosphere is significantly thinner. There have been traces of methane which might suggest evidence of life but may also have been created by a geochemical process, volcanic, or hydrothermal activity.

Mass- 317.8 (Earth Mass)
Temperature- average temperature is -234 degrees Fahrenheit
Distance from the sun- 778 million km
Diameter- 142,985 km
Orbit- 4,331 days(11.86 years)
Rotation- 10 hours
Jupiter is the largest planet with bands of white, yellow, red, and brown clouds.
Produces massive swirling storms (Great Red Spot).
Jupiter's atmosphere is made of mainly molecular hydrogen, helium and other chemical compounds that only appear in small amounts. The atmosphere of Jupiter lacks a clear lower boundary and gradually transitions into the liquid core of the planet. Its atmospheric layers are the troposphere, the stratosphere, the thermosphere, and the exosphere.
Mass- 1.989E30 kg
Temperature- the core of the Sun is 27 million degrees Fahrenheit but the surface is only 10 million.
Our Sun is about 4.5 billion years old. The Sun is aproximately 70% hydrogen and 28% helium and everything else such as metals is a little less than 2%.
Its fusion converts hydrogen into helium using fusion in its core. The Suns atmosphere contains several different layers which include the photosphere, the chromosphere, and the corona. The darker patches on the sun are its cooler sun spots.
Mass- 95.16 (Earth Mass)
Temperature- the average temperature is 288 degrees Fahrenheit
Distance from the sun- 1,429 million km
Diameter- 120,536 km
Orbit-29 years
Rotation- about 10 hours
color- brownish yellow
Saturn has three rings.
Small quantities of ammonia, acetylene, ethane, propane, phosphine, and methane have been found in Saturns atmosphere. The clouds of Saturn form bands that move across the disk of Saturn.
Mass- 14.54 (Earth Mass)
Temperature- average temperature is 243 to 370 degrees Fahrenheit
Distance from the sun- 2,871 million km
Diameter- 51,118 km
Orbit- 84.3 years
Rotation- about 17 hours
Color- uncommon shade of bluish green.
Uranus rotates on its side with a tilt of almost 99 degrees.
Uranus' atmosphere mainly consists of hydrogen and helium. Unlike Jupiter and Saturn these light gases only form around the outer edges of the planet, but are not indicative to its rocky interior.

Mass- 17.15 (Earth Mass)
Distance from the sun- 4,500 million km
Diameter- 49,532 km
Orbit- 164.79 years
Rotation- 16 hours
Neptune has five rings and its atmosphere appears blue.
Neptune's atmosphere is mainly composed of hydrogen and helium with some methane. The methane is part of what gives Neptune it blue coloration. As it absorbs red light it reflects blue.

Mass- 1.30900 E22 kg
Distance from the sun- 5,913 million km (can vary)
Diameter- 2,274 km
Orbit-248 years
Rotation- 6.4 days
Color- unknown
Pluto is considered "the wandering planet" because it does not have a defined orbit.
Pluto is rocky and covered in ice. The main gas in Pluto's atmosphere is nitrogen. Carbon monoxide and methane are also present.
Kepler's Law
Three laws describing orbital motion, origionally made to describe the movments of the planets .
Kepler's Law
1. The orbit of each planet is an ellipse with the sun at one of the two foci.
2. A line joining a planet and the sun sweeps out equal areas at equal intervals of time.
3. The square of the orbital period of a planet is proportional to the cube of the semi major axis of its orbit.
Earth's surface vertically above the focus of an earthquake.
When the Earth wobbles on its axis and has a temporary shift or movement in the position of its axis.
Origin of Earth
A star became a super nova and exploded, the left over matter collided to form bodies of hydrogen and helium. A large body (our sun) had enough mass to exert its gravitational pull to gather gaseous clouds of matter in orbit around it. Matter in this cloud combined to form smaller bodies then the smaller bodies combined to create larger bodies which became planets. Pro earth was a ball of molten rock that when it cooled, denser metals sank towards the center and lighter ones surfaced to the crust.
When the earth wobbles on its axis as it rotates without an actual shift of its axis.
Occurs within a period of about 26,000 years.

Barycenter is the shifting of mass to create balance.
The center of mass where two or more celestial bodies orbit each other.
An asteroid is a small rocky body that orbits the sun. Asteroids are the particles and pieces that broke off during the massive explosion that was said to have created the solar system.
A meteor is a small constitution of matter that, upon entering the atmosphere of Earth, appears as a trail of light caused by friction and heat.
A meteoroid is a smallish rocky or metallic embodiment that floats freely through space. Meteoroids are smaller than asteroids and are mostly the broken off pieces of comets or asteroids.
A comet is an object in space that has a nucleus made of ice and dust. Comets are the leftovers from the formations of stars and planets.
By: Maria Saric, Ashley Austin, Bryce Wilson, and Rachel Young
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