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Taoism/Daoism

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Asifa Raffi

on 11 December 2013

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Transcript of Taoism/Daoism

Taoism/Daoism
Pattern of Diffusion
- The Hearth of Daoism is China.

- Spread through contagious diffusion within the country

- Missionaries were nonexistent because Daoists believed that if an individual wanted to convert, they should come to them.

- When the communists gained control in 1949, the practice of Daoism was prevented.

- Taoism is present in the West through relocation diffusion by people and monks with interest in the Daodejing/Tao Te Ching, a book by Lao-Tzu


Spatial Distribution
-About 225 million Taoist adherents are distributed among East Asia and North America; however, estimations are not accurate due to the recognition of followers of both the religion or the philosophy even though there aren't really any differences between them. Adherents dwell in China, Taiwan, Vietnam, Malaysia, the United States and Canada.
-Moderate growth rate
-China- about
5.5 million
religious adherents
-Malaysia- about
335,000
religious adherents
-The U.S.- about
21,000
religious adherents
-Canada -
< 2,000
religious adherents
Origination
- A man named Lao-Tzu, an older contemporary of Confucius, founded Daoism in
China
during prehistoric times (142 C.E)

- It began as an amalgamation of philosophy and psychology.

-Based off of the book

Tao Te Ching

by

Lao Tzu

- Lao-Tzu envisioned the religion aiding in ending the feudal warfare in ancient China.
Core Beliefs
Universalizing or Ethnic Religion
Hierarchical v.s. Autonomous
-Taoism(Daoism) is an
ethnic
religion with millions of followers concentrated in China.

-In the 20th century, Taoists were persecuted by the Communist party, causing people to leave their faith.

-In modern day, it is experiencing a revival, and is starting to be considered universal due to its growth in North America.
Taoism is an autonomous religion
It is self-ruling and self-governing without being controlled by others or outside forces
Taoism teaches to connect with Tao individually and to find oneself spiritually. Taoism teaches to express ones heart and soul; and to be one with nature. Taoists aren't expected to adhere to anyone but Tao.
-

Tao’
can be roughly translated to mean
‘the way’
-
Tai Chi
is widely practiced, which attempts to balance the flow of energy (chi) in the body.
- Belief that individuals should follow the Three Jewels:
humility, compassion,
and
moderation
- The
Yin and Yang

symbol - represents the pairs of opposites that represent balance in the universe
-Death is believed to be just a transition from
‘being’
to

non-being’
-Taoists aren't expected to adhere to anyone but Tao
Physical Traits and Symbols
Cultural Landscapes
Reaction to Secularization of Modern Society
Yin Yang
-The Yin and Yang symbol is also associated Confucianism

- Represents the concept that the Tao, great ultimate, is split into two opposites, yin and yang.

-It represents the pairs of opposites that are prevalent in the universe and that one cannot exist without the other balancing it out



Feng-Shui
- In Chinese culture, (
feng)
wind & (
shui)
water are associated with good health
-It is a system of laws that are considered in spatial arrangement/orientation in relation to the flow of energy (qi)
-Used when designing buildings or arranging furniture

5 Element System
A system of Taoist cosmology
Yin-Qi and Yang-Qi, the feminine and masculine energies produce the “Five elements”
Represents the flow of energy and natural, creative change in the universe
Goes hand in hand with Feng-Shui but is also used in various ways including martial arts and medicine,
Used in Chinese medicine to diagnose and treat their patients


The Dipper Mother
Mother of the stars
Personification of light and dawn
Known as a savior and healer
Associated with healing and childbirth
“Oneness with cosmic principles”

Taoism weakened during the 19th and 20th centuries due to many foreign ideas being introduced.
· Slowly making a comeback today
·China is quickly modernizing, but there are many who believe that society has lost its morals and values. They turn to Taoism.
·Taoism is a religion which offers harmony and helps its followers reach a state of calmness. Economy problems can be tackled spiritually with Taoism which is why many people are slowly beginning to follow it again.
Tai Chi
-Chinese martial art that's is widely practiced for defense training and health benefits

-Core principles include: yielding, centeredness, balance, slowness, softness

-Monks used to practice this along with meditation and breathing exercises to reiterate importance of balance


Yin and Yang were previously depicted by the Tiger and Dragon
-Circular pagodas with wide layouts

-focus on spirituality and rest
Temple of Eight Immortals
Taoist statues and wall paintings are more familiar with common people instead of deities and focus on nature and serenity
Some located in the mountains to provide an unblemished environment where Taoists can cultivate their inner selves in peace and quiet
Bright
Active
Upward
Strong
Hot
Dry
Motion
Feminine
Yang
Yin
Dark
Cold
Clutter
Wet
Soft
Stillness
Cramped Spaces
Masculine
Feng Shui fundamentals
Works Cited

"China Taoist Constructions: Temple, Palace, Altar, Nunnery." China Taoist Constructions: Temple, Palace, Altar, Nunnery. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013. <http://www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/architecture/styles/taoist.htm>.

(Question 3) "Fast Facts on Taoism (Daoism)." Fast Facts on Taoism. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. <http://www.religionfacts.com/taoism/fastfacts.htm>.

(Question 5) "Library." Taoism Origins, Taoism History, Taoism Beliefs. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2013. <http://www.patheos.com/Library/Taoism.html>.

(Question 6) "Taoism." Taoism. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. <http://www.pusanweb.com/Exit/Sep97/taoism.htm>.

"TAOISM." TAOISM. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013. <http://www.religioustolerance.org/taoism.htm>.

"Taoism and the Arts of China (Art Institute of Chicago)." Taoism and the Arts of China (Art Institute of Chicago). The Art Institute of Chicago, n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013. <http://www.artic.edu/taoism/renaissance/h101.php>.

"Taoism." : Interfaith. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2013. <http://www.interfaith.org/taoism/>.
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