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Transcript of Switzerland
Colonial Power or Colonial Possession
Switzerland was neither a colonial power nor a colonial possession .
It was colonized some 15,000 years ago but it was so far back that it is not counted.
Switzerland was able to come into financial power by playing a key role in the slave trade, linking West Africa, America and Europe.
The Lake of Geneva constitutes the boundary with France, the Rhine River with Germany, and the Inn River with Austria.
The boundary with Liechtenstein and Italy is artificial.
Surprisingly, Switzerland is not part of the EU even though it is surrounded by countries who are, causing some tension.
Switzerland has had some caution in joining spranational organizations but it is the founding member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA)
"EFTA was formed in 1960 on the premises of free trade as a means of achieving growth and prosperity amongst its Member States as well as promoting closer economic cooperation between the Western European countries."
Centripetal Forces: Nationalism
Swiss Guard (Military)
Swiss Psalm (national anthem)
The Flag of Switzerland
Just like other European countries, Switzerland most popular sports would be football (soccer).
They also participate in Ice hockey, tennis, and skiing and have participated in the Olympics and the UEFA FIFA World Cup.
Security: Internal and External
Law enforcement is mainly the job of the canton being protected
There are 26 cantonal police agencies
The Federal Office of Police is responsible for international affairs
The Swiss Armed Forces are in charge of protecting Switzerland against external conflicts and attacks.
By: Estelle Ndukwe, Lizbeth Sanchez and Diana Zapata
Railroads - Swiss Federal Rail Ways and the SBB
Roads - A1 AND A2 are the main roads
Telecommunications Access - Telephones, television, radios, and internet.
Some important holidays in Switzerland are New Year's Day, Good Friday, Easter Sunday, National Day, and Christmas Day.
Swiss National Day is set to commemorate the Federal Charter of 1291 an important document in Swiss history.
Federal Charter on 1291 (there's even a holiday for it)
Centripetal Forces: Nationalism (continued)
Centrifugal Forces: Nationalism
In November 1847, Switzerland had a civil called the Sonderbund War. It started after seven Catholic Canons formed the sonderbunds ("seperate allianace") in 1845 to protect their interests against a centralization of power. This was nearly split Switzerland in two and is therefore an example of a centrifugal force.
Schools : Centripetal Forces
Because Switzerland has no natural resources, education and knowledge has become an important resource itself
Most attend at least elementary school
Most kids start an apprenticeship after elementary school
After this, a young person can still start an academic career (technical college)
Cantons are responsible for the educational system
Armed Forces : Centripetal
Goal is to provide security and defense
Have operations to prevent and overcome mortal dangers as well as contributions to peace promotion within an internal framework
Has no state church
Most cantons recognize the Catholic Church & Swiss Reformed Church
Christianity is the predominant religion of Switzerland
Because of their unique political system, it is the world's most stable democratic system--> Offering a lot of participation to citizens (wealthy country)
Citizens have the right to propose almost any constitutional amendment
Basic rules of the Swiss democracy are controlled by the citizens (have the last word on all constitutional changes)
The Federal Criminal Court in Lausanne is established in the Swiss Federal Institution as the supreme judicial authority of Switzerland.
The federal judiciary of Switzerland is made up of the Federal Supreme Court, the Federal Criminal Court, and the Federal administrative court.
Political parties act as centrifugal forces
Christian Democrat Party
Social Democratic Party
Bern is the capital city
Since it is not on the center it doesn't have total control of the state.
A subdivision of a country established for political or administrative purposes