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Cold War

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Lucas Wilson

on 22 August 2016

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Transcript of Cold War

COLD WAR
1945-1991
1.) Truman Doctrine
John Fitzgerald Kennedy I
Moon, Space
Moon landing
what am i staring at?
Did i blink?
Warsaw Pact (Communist nations joined) formed in response to NATO
Neil Armstrong
This was the first "manned" moon landing, Kennedy did not live to see the US finish "the race to space" against the soviets.
"That's one small step for man,
one giant leap for mankind"
1958
1959
1961
Cold war
1960
JFK Election
1955
1948
NASA formed
Fidel Castro leads a revolution in Cuba and sets up a Communist govt. He develops close ties with the Soviet Union
Berlin,Germany The Wall is Built
1962- October-After the Berlin wall went up, the Soviets started sending long range missiles to Cuba, the world watched as the US was on the Brink of nuclear attack.
American spy planes discovered missiles in Cuba
Kennedy responds by sending ships to blockade USSR ships from bringing more weapons.
US citizens waited in fear.
Khrushchev agreed to remove the weapons from Cuba.
Kennedy II
ONLY THREE YEARS???
Up against Nixon. JFK chose (LBJ) Lyndon, sen. of TX as his running mate. He did this to attract southern voters. Kennedy won the election by 120k of popular votes.
DO NOW
What does he mean by this? Explain
Do you agree or disagree?
What is a "COLD WAR"?
State of political & military tension after WWII.
Western Bloc (USA)
Eastern Bloc (Soviet Union)
No large scale DIRECT fighting b/w the 2 sides.
Regional war (Korea & Vietnam)
Western VS Eastern Bloc
American
Soviet Union
Free elections
Democratic
Capitalist
"Survival of the fittest"
Richest World power
Personal Freedom
Freedom of media
No elections/or fixed
Autocratic/Dictator
Communistic
Everyone helps everyone
Poor econ base
Total censorship
1939-1945
During this time the USA & Soviet Union fought together against the AXIS powers.
Tense Relationship (mistrust)
Russia enters war late---millions die
Resentment
: WHY? Stalin &
Communism
PROBLEMS:
American
interventionist
approach
Soviet
expansionism
in East.
WWII ENDS
Yalta Conference February 4-11, 1945
Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union
Winstin Churchill
British Prime Minister
Franklin D. Roosevelt
U.S. President
Agendas
United States
1. Soviet support in the U.S.
Pacific war against Japan.

2. Soviet Union participation in the UN Security Council.
Soviet Union
1. "The ? of Poland was one of honor"
Eastern Poland (Soviet power)
Western Poland (independent)
2. We enter the WAR IF...
US recognize Mongolian republic as indep. from China.
US recognize Russian interest in Manchurian RR
Deprivation of Japanese territory
Great Britain
1. Wanted free and democractic elections in the invaded territories after WWII.

(Poland: granted but NOT excersized by Stalin)
: GERMANY
DO NOT ! I REPEAT DO NOT MAKE SAME MISTAKE!!!
Versailles Treaty, 1919
1. Germany would undergo demilitarization & de-nazification.
2. German reparations were partly to be in the form of forced labor.
3. Stalin agreed that France would have 4th Occ. zone in Germany, but it would have to be formed out of US/GB zones.
Potsdam Conference, July 1945
Attended by:
Stalin
Churchill
Truman
Truman
Signed by:
Truman
Churchill
Change Kai-skek
Potsdam Declaration:
Proclamation Defining Terms Japanese Surrender
"We will not deviate from them. There are no alternatives. We shall brook no delay."
Terms of Surrender:
Elimination of authority that mislead people into world quest.
Territory limited to islands.
Disarmament
Justice -> -> war crimes to be accounted for
Industry allowed as such that does not produce war materials.
Fundamental democratic principles exercised
UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER OR UTTER DESTRUCTION
No mention of emperor (just authority)
Truman:"expect a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never been seen on this earth."
What problems can you foresee with this division?
1.
2.
3.
4.
Berlin div.
Germany Divided
Winston Churchill: "The Sinews of Peace"
Study the P.C.
What is the Artist trying to say about the political situation in Europe?
US President Truman make the introduction.
@ Westminster College
Fulton, Missouri (pop 7,000)
March 5th, 1946
Crowd = 40,000
"From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an IRON CURTAIN has descended across the continent."
Goals for Post War
Rebuild
Europe's Democratic nations to
Prevent
the rise of
Totalitarians
.

Democracy for Poland & Eastern Europe.

Envisioned a world free markets &
Capitalism
.
Occupy
Eastern Europe with
Total control
.

Establish
Satellite nations
by the Soviet to balance the US western influence.

Keep Germany divided & weak
SPREAD COMMUNISM!!!
DO NOW: DO NOT SPEAK!!!
It was discovered that there is a
CHEATER

amo
ng us. Someone in here cheated on the last C
ommon As
sessment.
On a notecard provided write down 2 class
ma
tes names, that you believed could have cheated on th
e te
st. The most frequently written names will auto
mati
cally recieve a
If you refuse to write down 2 names, you

will
be considered the cheater, and will recieve a
NO QUESTIONS!
This ia a FAKE social experiment. Play along away.
Preventing the Spread of
Communism
"CONTAINMENT"
US wishes to
"contain" the spread of Communism.
The US referred to their foreign policy as
"Containment."
They used many measures in order to prevent the
USSR from expanding its influence on the world such as-- aid $$$$$$$$$$$$ & war.
The Truman Doctrine 3/1947
ANY THOUGHTS
Explain what you see in 3-5 sentences?
(Primary Source Activity)
Read the statement made by President Truman on communism and answer the following questions.
"The people of a number of countries of the world have recently had
totalitarian

regimes forced
upon them against their will. At the present moment in world history nearly every nation must choose between alternative ways of life. The choice is too often not a free one.
One way of life is based upon the will of the majority, and is
distinguished
by
free institutions, representative gov't, free elections, individual liberty, freedom of speech & religion, and freedom from political oppression.
The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority. It
relies
upon
terror & oppression, a controlled press & radio, fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms.
I believe
that it must be the policy of the US to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.
I believe
we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way.
I believe
that our help should be primarily through economic stability & orderly political process."
An example of : "Containment"
US provides aid to foreign countries fighting communism.
Aid is provided to GREECE & TURKEY
2.) Marshall Plan
The US provided
$13 BILLION aid in the form of food & $$$ to rebuild Europe.
Attempted to avoid
economic crisis similar to post WWI.
Attempt to stop the spread of
Communism-Soviet REJECTS the aid.
Truman Doctrine & the Marshall plan was Truman as, " the two halves of a walnut..."
What do you think this meant?
T.D. gave 400 million $$$ to support free peoples of the world.
M.P. gave 13 billion $$$ to European nations
THE BERLIN AIRLIFT
Allies reunite
4/1948-5/1949, Soviets block/hold West Berlin hostage by cutting off all supplies.
America & Great Britain fly in supplies for 327 days & increase
US superpower prestige.
The Berlin Blockade Leads to fear of Soviet aggression & the creation of a defensive peace-time alliance!!!!!!!
"McCarthyism"
During the "Red Scare" the HUAC was created.
House Committee on Un-American Activities
-Responsible for seaching communits influense in US.
Senator
-Claimed that hundreds of commies were in the US with no proof
-People are "blacklisted"
"McCarthyism"
-It's meaning was an anti-communist fervor, reckless accusations, and guily by association.
-Came to describe someone of being disloyal without evidence.
William Faulker
said, "Our tragedy today is a general and universal physical fear so long sustained by now that we can even bear it. There are no longer problems of the spirit. There's only the question: When will be BLOWN UP?"
THE COLD WAR
Heats Up!!!!!!
Where is the Irony?
1949: The Soviets detonate an Atom Bomb: How will this affect the world?
Enter the Nuclear
Arms Race
Korean War: 6/1950-7/1953
Backed bt Soviet Union & China
Backed by US & UN
Presidents: Truman & Eisenhower
Soldiers: US provided 88% of soldiers to help S.K.
Outcome: Stalmate
How did the war begin?
Background:
Japan had controlled the Korean peninsula until 1945. After WWII, the US & Soviets divided Korea @ 38th parallel.
(North Atlantic Treaty Org.)
N. Korea: Soviets
S. Korea: US
1950-war begins when
Communist N. invades S. in an attempt to reunite Korea under Communist rule
As part of
"containment" United Nations gets involved, led by US.
-
Communist China
joins to stop UN.
-Known as
"SUPERPOWERS"
the
US & USSR
were the only 2 nations who had the military, economic, & political strength to
INFLUENCE
worldwide events
-Both sides build up military to with stand attack by each other- this period is known as the "Nuclear Arms Race"
Captain American taking on the Red Guardian and the Supreme Soviets.
Equally matched in many ways.
"Mutal Assured Destruction"
-Both sides have so many nukes that no one will attack.
Alliance
Alliance
1945- United Nations is created
1st step: 1941 Inter-Allied Declaration
"To work together, with other free people, both in war and peace."
1952- Eisenhower (Ike) elected
Baby Boom, T.V., and Rock n' Roll emerge
Tensions increased in the US when the USSR launched
Sputnik I
, the first space satellite (Nikita Khrushchev).


4 Oct 1957- The Race to Control Space was on...
April 12, 1961: Yuri Gagarin became first human in space and first to orbit Earth.

US felt a loss of prestige.


1947- CIA Formed
(CIA campus)
-An Intel Agency setup to gather strategic military and political information.
-Information became vital to safe guard domestic security and foreign relationships.
Sputnik I
Sputnik II orbited around the earth
(National Aeronautical and Space Administration)
Triggered by Sputnik II being launched, America poured millions $$$$ into improving education (math & science)
1961
1961
1961- Bay of Pigs
Kennedy's 1st goal as president was to overthrow Cuba's govt.
April- the CIA planned an invasion along the shore
Failed immediately, as Cuba was able to kill 300 of the invaders (Cubans who were trained by America) and captured the rest.
HUGE embarrassment for Kennedy and America

Why does having the Soviets giving Cuba missile make Americans extremely uneasy?
1969
1963
Full transcript