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Community Development

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by

Shannon Jackson

on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of Community Development

C
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
y

Development

What is community?
How would you define community?
Think, Pair, Share
Take
two minutes
to write down
all the words you can think of when
defining
COMMUNITY
.
Would it include terms like
"relational" or "locality-based"
or "microsystem" or "people-based"
or "membership-based" or
"shared emotional connection" or
"connections
between people"
??
Community
Defined
According to Wilkinson (1991),

Community of Place

has 3 elements:
1. is a territory or place,
2. has social organizations or institutions that provide regular interaction among members, &
3. that social interaction IS focused on a common interest.
Dale Pracht, Ph.D
Kate H. Fletcher, M.S.

Community of Interest:
there is NO geographical boundary or place.
Social interactions are evidenced by
shared values, multiple interests, and/or
common socioeconomic
levels or ethnic background.
Technological changes
have made it possible for people to become parts of AND/OR maintain membership in
communities of interest
that are outside their immediate physical environment.
Community
is a continuing social process in which people are engaged (Mead, 1934).
Given the fact that we now live
in a
global, interconnected
world,
have communities become
irrelevant?
Is this just a 1st world problem?
Think,

Pair,

Share!
Why are
communities
important?
In Jamie Oliver's
"Food Revolution"

communities
play a crucial role in the
healthy & successful development of
communities, families
&
the stability of society.
Humans are
social
in nature and need
interaction
.
it's already there
inside of you.
it's where our home is.
it's where our
heart is
it has an impact on
who we are


and who
we
b
e
c
o
m
e.
it impacts our belief system
anything else?
C
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
y
Matters!
Assets & Barriers
community assets
social networks
structural barriers
social barriers
SO...

Have

communities become irrelevant?
some community assets have unique qualities:
historical
cultural
scenic/scenery
crime or poverty ridden areas
community resources or assets
human capital
social capital
built/physical capital
financial capital
political capital
environmental capital
cultural capital
formal networks:
professionals
organizations (i.e. religious and fraternal)
businesses
human services
non profit organizations
schools
health care services

informal networks:
family
friends
neighbors

the formality of the network does not necessarily determine the STRENGTH of the network
are particularly related to poverty, which
leads directly to deficits in physical and social
formal networks.
Barriers include:
discrimination
poverty (impoverishment)
child care burden
instability
contiguous to concentrated poverty
food deserts
race
gender
language
disability
sexual orientation
age
religion
ethnicity
health disparities
Who Can Create
Community Change?
Concerned Citizens
Community Development
Specialists
Professionals who work in a variety of settings:
University
City
County
State government office
501(c)(3)
Extension
Philanthropic
Funding Agency
Harness the skills, experience and vision
of community members
to create communities that establish
and maintain channels of communication.


C
o
m
m
u
n
i
t
y

D
e
v
e
l
o
p
e
r
s
W
h
a
t

t
h
e
y

D
o
:
Organizes local resources to meet local needs
help community members recognize their sense of belonging,
identity and connection to local life
and
acts to fulfill residents needs via social interaction.
Strategies for Working
with
Communities
Asset Mapping
Individual Assets
Mapping Community Assets:
KEEPRA
Kinship:
Physical and personal well being
Economic:
Production, distribution
& consumption of
goods & services & jobs.
E
d
u
c
a
t
i
o
n
:
Schools at all levels.

Government or public agencies
Fire
Police
Inspections
Public Health
Planning
Conflict Resolution
Political:
Religious Institutions:

serve as moral compass for the community members
provide spiritual needs
offer comfort, money and/or resources

Civic
Service
Social
Fraternal
and other organizations
Associations:
strengthen and support the community.
Think, Pair, Share
Full transcript