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Western Art Music Timeline
Transcript of Western Art Music Timeline
first music ever made that was not created
purely to praise the gods.
Galliard Sacred Music Music controlled, performed by and
written for the church. The songs were
performed in cathedrals and praised gods
or told stories of their great feats. (Music) In the Renaissance, vocal music was considered more important than instrumental music because there was a greater intrest in what language could convey rather than just sounds. Key Terms of Renaissance Music Motet - An accapella sacred music
Counterpoint - A musical conversation between the different sections of the music
Antiphony - Call and response
Polyphony - Two or more interdependent melodies
working together. Key Historical Events 1428 - Joan of Arc and the Siege of Orleans A turning point in the Hundred Years' War between France and England. France's first major win. 1492 - Columbus Discovers the Americas. A whole new world that was previously never thought to exist was discovered, changing Europe's ideas of the earth forever. 1589 - Edict of Nantes Henry IV of France introduced a new set of rights to promote civil unity. This allowed civilians to seperate from the church without being classified as heritics or betrayers. This opened up the door to a whole new age of thinking and arts. The Baroque Era Background The Baroque Era was a new movement in art which introduced a whole new style to art and music all over the world. The general style was one of bold, clear and easily interpreted detail. During this time in music, all music was written to meet a purpose or demand from churches or courts. Music in the Baroque Key Terms of Baroque Music Fugue - a ployphonic composition that based on a main theme that is called a subject.
Concerto Grosso - an orchestra arangement in which a few soloist players are backed up by a large group of other players called the tutti. Key Historical Events 1618 to 1648 - Thirty Years War One of the longest and most destructive conflicts in European history. A religeous war between Protestants and Catholics. 1666 - Great fire of London A major fire that swept through the city of central London causing disaster to the infrastructure of the entire city. 1607 - Jamestown Jamestown, Virginia founded -- the first English settlement on the American mainland Major works in Art and Literature Ghent Altarpiece, by Hubert and Jan van Eyck
The Arnolfini Portrait, by Jan van Eyck
Clément Marot Adolescence clémentine
Clément Marot Psaumes 1450- 1600 1600- 1750 Hamlet, by Shakespeare
Don Quixote, by Cervantes
St. Theresa in Ecstasy, by Bernini
Major works in Art and Literature The Medieval Era Background The Renaissance was a period of great artistic resurgance for all of Europe. During this time, art began to break out of traditional church methods and styles and artists of all kinds started to paint and perform things that had never been imagined before. Key Terms of Renaissance Music Organo
is, in general, a plainchant melody with at least one added voice to enhance the harmony, developed in the Middle Ages. Depending on the mode and form of the chant, a supporting bass line may be sung on the same text, the melody may be followed in parallel motion, or a combination of both of these techniques may be employed.
In music, a cantus firmus is a pre-existing melody forming the basis of a polyphonic composition.
Key Historical Events Major works in Art and Literature Beowulf (Date unknown)
Reconstruction of the temple of Jerusalem (1460)
500- 1400 The Black Death
The Black Death victims in the Middle Ages were terrified of the deadly disease. The plague held a massive mortality rate between 30 and 40%. Victims had no idea what had caused the disease. Neither did the physicians in the Middle Ages.
The Battle of Hastings
The Battle of Hastings took place on Saturday 14th of October 1066. The leaders of the Battle of Hastings were Duke William of Normandy and King Harold of William. The Normans win the Battle of Hastings and the Norman conquest of England follows.
The One Hundred Years War
One of the most important historical events of the Medieval era is the Hundred Years War. The Hundred Years War was fought between between England and France and later Burgundy. What were the key dates of this famous historical event? Joan of Arc was a major figure in the Hundred Years War.