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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Transcript of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
1. Define Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
2. Determine criteria for PCOS diagnosis
3. Examine pathophysiology and potential causes of PCOS
4. Summarize complications of PCOS
5. Identify adolescent concerns with PCOS
6. Analyze treatment options for PCOS
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Presented by: Kayleigh Todd & Elizabeth Conde
Define Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
"Polycystic ovary syndrome is a condition in which a woman has an imbalance of a female sex hormones. This may lead to menstrual cycle changes, cysts in the ovaries, trouble getting pregnant, and other health changes." (Medline Plus, 2013)
Symptoms of PCOS
• Irregular menstrual periods
• Severe acne or acne that occurs after adolescence
• Oily skin
• Acanthosis nigricans
• Multiple small cysts on the ovaries
(American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 2011)
Symptoms of PCOS
start at 2:25
Potential Causes of PCOS
Cause of PCOS is largely unknown:
-controversy over whether defect is central or ovarian
-obesity is seen to increase severity of symptoms
(Encyclopedia Brittanica, 2013)
Pathophysiology of PCOS
Item of Note
lack of understanding
useful for subset of PCOS pts
protect against endometrial cancer
help decrease hyperandrogenic symptoms
protect against pregnancy in the event of ovulation
regulate menstrual cycle
reduce production of androgens
can be used in conjunction with anti-androgenics
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