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Jenna Rattan

on 22 April 2011

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Transcript of SS9IR-P3 JENNA ANOOP

Industrial Revolution Agricultural Reforms Economic Revolution Transportation Mechanization Society & Culture Subsistence Enclosure Common Lands Profit Farming Private Property New Breeds Disadvantages Advantages Poor farmers wern't able to afford these new breeds. New breeds could supply more meat and thicker wool from sheeps. These animals did not catch diseases as easily. At first, the new breeds were in short supply Farming Technologies Jethro Tull Lord Townsend Increased Production An English inventor who tried to understand how soil helped plants grow Jethro learned that manure or fertilizers made crops grow increasingly more. An English lord who was also known as "Turnip Townshed". He detecated his time to making the farm on his estate more profitable He created the four-field system! Land no longer needed to be kept fallow to recover its nutrients. Farmers became wealthy and created... The old farming methods were not efficient by making more work and less profitable resources. These lands were payed by the better off people but used by the poorer farmers. The land was then turned into private property. Old farming mathods included small and scattered srips of land that was used by farmers. the land became large fieldds and this was known as... Made farming much more efficient by allowing farmers to spend less time on their land. Inventors helped make crops grow better! Entrepreneurs People who run buisnesses and take risks to make profits were called... Franchise Ordanary workers and woman did not have the right to vote so they did not have... Buisness people belived in this economic policy. Laissez-faire because they did not want the government to interfere with their buisnesses.

Textile Industry Buisnesses flourished Before the textile industry, cloth was made from plat or animal fibres. After the textile industry, textiles were made from synthetic fibers, which were made from oil. British wool was in high demand in Europe and other place. British wool was very high quality so... New Inventions To produce goods in a more effecient way people began to come up with... Flying Shuttle John Kay Allowed weaving to be done faster. It also allowed large looms to be operated by only one person. All of these inventions resulted in a lot of unemployment. James Hargreaves This put one out of the two shuttle throwersout of a job! In 1764, he created an invention named after his wife called the... Spinning Jenny this machine allowed spinners to spin off numerous threads at the same time! The machine put many, many people out their jobs. This resulted in an angry mob who attacked the origibnal Spinning Jenny. Richard Arkwright Invented the Water Frame This machine made yarn strontger. Samual Compton Created a machine called a "mule" that combined features from the Spinning Jenny and the Water Frame. It improved the spinning process. James Watt improved Thomas Newcomen's invention of the steam engine that harnesed the power of compressed steam! He made his machine more efficient by reducing the waste that was produced by the machine. Cast iron was cheap to produce so they were available everywhere. Cast iron was used for many things such as pots and pans. The coal industry was connected to the iron industry. Coal was used in its manufacture Coke was a form of coal used to make better iron. Dangers of coal mining Mining was bad for the miners' health. Black Lung Not enough exposure to the sun. Coal also produced methane gas that explodes easily! Market were those who wished to purchase goods. The Industrial Revolution was only possible if factories could cheaply transport raw materials and goods. Pack-horses were used to carry goods for long distances! They could only carry 100 or 200 kilograms. These horses needed to be rested and fed regularly. The British used a person's accent to determine what social class the person belonged to Upper-class people Called themselves "Society", went to the right schools,belonged to the right churches,and even read the right newspapers. They knew eachother personally,or by reputation. They Kept track of each other. Middle-class people & Working-class people had their own culture and amusements. Middle-class people grew enourmously during the industrial revolution middle class meant that your father worked in the professions,as a doctor,engineer,or lawyer. A university degree also helped lift a person into the middle class. Lower-middle class people white collar wokers, who worked in stores or offices or who owned small shops were part of the... Teachers below the university level were also part of the... Working-class people A person who worked in the trades, or in factory, was considered... Had different rankings, skilled labour, unskilled labour. The lowest class composed of people who could only find jobs intermittently. Britain had a rigid and complex class structure Everything was done at home Woman in the Industrial Revolution Cotton system
woman worked as part of the family which was a home-based business. unmarried woman elderly could work in the "family business" and support themselves. when the cottage industry began to die, then woman workers went down with it and had to look somewhere else for a job. Landowners used large "gangs" of woman labourers to do agricultural work,such as weeding and harvesting. Crime and disease was very common scarlet, fever,tetanus, tuberculosis, and cholera. Poor law was supposed to help the needy,did not work well. reformed in 1834,still not a remedy for the thousands who could not find work. was the responsibility of local authorities,usually the parish. Poor law relief was given out by people who had absolutely no understanding of,or sympathy for, the poor. the population of britain increased dramatically during the industrial revolution. the colonies seemed to offer an escape from poverty,the class system,and factory life. Colonies were promoted by the government and by land speculators as places with great potential for honest,hard-working people. Irish potato famine potatoes quickly became a staple food for millions of Europeans. Wealthy landlords ,usually english and often absent,grew grain and other cash crops for shipment to england and europe. In 1845,the irish potato crop suffered a terrible blight a disease that rotted the potatoes in the fields. The clearences Thousands of people were displaced by the so-called "clearences". they were part of the policyof enclosure. Thousands of scots had to find new homes and work due to the clearances. This form of transportaion was inefficient due to this. Turnpike System was a system used to collect tolls Tolls was money that was collected by people who used the roads Invanced improvments on roads included... Macadam roads Canals became an importaint form of transportaion In the 1700s... The most effective type of transportaion was the use of... locomotives One locomotive was called... the "Rocket" This could pull small trains at the unheard. Railways effected many things... It made transporting goods easier and cheaper. It encouraged education, and made people want to read more because newspapers and letters were being transported very quick. The lower class could travel more often. It created more jobs, not just for the railroad industry, but for the coal industry. Cottage Industry It was especially important in Britain in the textile Industry. Spinning and weaving were all done by cottagers. In the end,the finished goods were then collected by clothiers,who sold the finished goods. A person with money to invest is a... Capitalist Supply & Demand Supply is the amount of goods available.Clothiers were able to lower the prices they paid because there were so many people willing to work. Demand is the desire of people to buy a certain good or product. Factory System The new invention of the industrial revolution made the cottage system obsolute. This caused the beginning of.. FACTORY INDUSTRY in the factories a lot of different things were produced. like...Cloth The raw fibres were cleaned,woven,and spun in the same factory Rapid urbanization strongly affected citizens lives. Caused poor living conditions. Poor homes No sewage system small living space Pollution working conditions Working conditions were... because... of the pollution and sewage problem GRUSOME Child labour children were forced to work for low wages... To support their families No education They were orfans Illiteracy living standard of the children working most of the day had little food or no food was very dirty and small living spaces. Social reformers many social reformers tried to improve a lot of working people Factory Act some workers tried to bring about the "social reform" to change the working situation in factories. Unfortunately... the government at the time made such actions illegal, eventually the atrocities of working conditions = the factory act of 1802 Labour unions In 1824, workers associations became legal,and an early form of labour unions were established. because... it became illegal to hire a child under nine years of age for work in the textile industry. there were no inspectors to make sure that these rules were obeyed, and children working in other industries were still not protected. paid people to make a particular product in their homes. By: Anoop and Jenna
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