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Background to American History
Transcript of Background to American History
Background to American History
The Original 13 Colonies
British colonists living in the 13 colonies wanted to expand west so they will engage in a fight with France in the Ohio River Valley for the fur trade
Join or Die
The first political cartoons in the Colonies published by Ben Franklin urging British coloniest to fight against France
Proclamation Line 1763 and the Quartering Act
In 1763 King George III will deny colonist from moving west of the Appalachian mountains and will issue the Quartering act-an act that provided 10,000 British soldiers in North America. The coloniest did not like a foreign army on their land.
The Second Continental Congress
Met in Philadelphia 1775 to draft and declare Independence from Great Britain
Committee of Five- Members that presented the Declaration of Indepdence to the Congress
Thomas Jefferson-primary author
Declaration of Independence
Primary author-Thomas Jefferson
Date: July 4, 1776
Influenced by John Locke-British Enlightenment figure
Unalienable rights-Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness
The Results: Articles of Confederation and the Constitution of the United States
1787- Constitutional Convention
Bill of Rights
Principles to the Constitution
Federalist/Anti Federalists Arguments
Written by Thomas Jefferson who was influenced by John Locke - a British enlightenment figure. The document was presented on July 4, 1776 and in the document contained our unalienable rights. The rights to life, liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness
We hold these truths.....
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.
That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness.
Lexington and Concord begins the war
War ends at Yorktown
Treaty of Paris 1783 will officially give U.S. indepedence from Great Britain
The American Revolution 1775-1783