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The Brain

Parts and Areas of the Brain
by

Bethany Hope

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of The Brain

The Brain Apart of the Forebrain.
The body's ultimate control and processing center. Contains the four major brain lobes. Cerebral Cortex A set of brain structures involved in emotions and motives. Above the brain stem and below the cortex Limbic System Hindbrain Forehead Region.
Involved in speaking, muscle movements, plans and judgement. Frontal Lobe Above your ears. (Temples)
Auditory Areas. Temporal Lobe Top Back of the Head.
Deals with sensory input. Parietal Lobe Contains Visual Areas Occipital Lobe if damaged, side effects;
problems with auditory sensation and perception
problems with selective attention of auditory and visual input
disorders of visual perception
impaired organization and categorization of verbal material
problems with language comprehension
impaired long-term memory
altered personality
affective behavior
altered sexual behavior Controls language expression.
Located in the Frontal Lobe.
Controls muscle movements in speech. Broca's Area Wernicke's Area Controls language reception, involved in language comprehension and expression. Located towards the back portion of the brain. Controls arousal. Reticular Formation Controls facial expression. Pons The Medulla Processes sensory input and coordination. Cerebellum The base of the Brain stem.
Controls heartbeat and breathing. Front of Parietal Lobe.
Processes touch and movement sensations. Sensory Cortex Back of Frontal Lobe.
Controls voluntary movements. Motor Cortex Processes auditory and visual input and language comprehension. Angular Gyrus "Sensory Switchboard"
Directs messages to the sensory receivers. Thalamus Directs the actions of Eating, Drinking and Body Temperature. Helps govern the endocrine system (via Pituitary Gland)
Linked to Emotion. Hypothalamus Master Gland of the Endocrine System Pituitary Gland Linked to fear and aggression in the brain. Amygdala Associated with Memory. Hippocampus Divides the Cerebrum into left and right hemispheres. Connects the two hemispheres, and allows communication between them.
Transfers motor, sensory and cognitive information between them. Corpus Callosum
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