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Zero Waste New York City

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Nolan Cvenic

on 5 March 2012

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Transcript of Zero Waste New York City

Zero Waste in New York City Zero Waste in San Francisco Composting is an important method of reducing the amount of waste going to our landfills. Composting is a process by which materials rich in nitrogen and carbon are allowed to decompose naturally. The resulting material is similar in look and texture to soil. It is spread in the soil, where it provides nutrients to plants. Composting resources are available in the city now, but they are inconvenient and often expensive to use. Our version of NYC will have: 1. Composting bins placed in front of every apartment building in NYC Policy, Education & Outreach 2. Composting facilities set up in all boroughs of the city to process compost.
3. Composting trucks to pick up compost on a regular schedule.
Zero waste goes beyond recycling Reduce
Recycle Sources Lame Logos clothing buy less paper books and magazines HOW
IT... •The U.S. is the #1 trash-producing country in the world at 1,609 pounds per person per year. This means that 5% of the world's people generate 40% of the world's waste. In a lifetime, the average American will throw away 600 times his/her adult weight in garbage. If you add it up, this means that a 150-lb. adult will leave a legacy of 90,000 lbs of trash for his/her children. Every year, each American throws out about 1,200 pounds of organic garbage that can be composted In 1865, an estimated 10,000 hogs roamed New York City, eating garbage. One hundred years later advances in waste technology saw the rise of the incerator.

New York City produces four pounds of waste per person per day -- more than any other city in the world. How we New Yorkers Have it…
Sixty-five percent of NYC trash goes to landfills, half of which will close within 5 years. 15% of our trash goes to Newark’s incinerator, but most of it is exported to Pennsylvania, Ohio, Virginia and South Carolina to be buried. sadly… -New York City residents currently recycle only about 17% of their total waste.

-22% of NYC's waste consists food scraps and yard waste.

-Paper and paperboard constitute 36% of the total amount of solid waste produced in NYC. • As New York City’s garbage decomposes, it releases some 1.2 million metric tons a year of carbon dioxide and its equivalents — primarily methane — into the atmosphere. We generate 11,000 tons of waste per day. To haul it to landfills releases an additional 55,000 tons of greenhouse gas per year that's half as much fuel as the city's ENTIRE taxi fleet running 24/7 In more cynical terms Keep THIS in mind…
On average, it costs $30 per ton to recycle trash, $50 to send it to the landfill, and $65 to $75 to incinerate it What is Zero Waste? Movement structured around the reduction of dependency on landfills and incinerators.
Done by a COMBINATION of recycling, composting, and resource recovery,
in which garbage is minimally burned or buried. It strives for a re-focus on the way we manage our trash, and how we see garbage. Zero Waste strives for sustainability, and a lessened impact on the environment.
Nature’s cycles are seen as models, which we should base our waste treatment off of. in essence... NOTHING is waste RECYCLE REUSE REPAIR resources for a continual cycle between natural and commercial use. What's exactly in our waste? -Mandatory city-wide law requires all of San Francisco to separate recyclables, compostables and landfilled trash. - City departments required to reduce waste, maximize recycling, buy products with recycled content, and that favor durability, repairability, and reuse.
- Departments required to purchase 100 percent post-consumer recycled content paper, to reduce paper usage, and to purchase only approved green products. -Required use of compostable plastic, recyclable paper and/or reusable checkout bags by supermarkets and drugstores, and is hoping to adopt a checkout-bag fee ($).
-Illegal for restaurants and food vendors to use styrofoam food service ware; instead they must use foodware that is compostable or recyclable. Something
to think about for a

NYC Zero Waste http://www.sustainablecherryhill.org/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/compost_cycle1.jpg
http://www.nyc.gov/html/nycwasteless/html/recycling/abri.shtm BOTTLE BREAKING! use less electricity eat smaller portions food electronics if you're not using it... unplug it! choose more durable products design for the environment walk and use public transportation trade your belongings they last longer! go vintage ditch the disposables shop in thrift stores buy used items online don't want it anymore? exchange it for something you would otherwise buy with a friend online or at one of NYC's item trading events at a thrift store clothing RECYCLING CAN BE FUN Puppet shows! ceramic plates and bowls non-plastic silverware use... cloth towels cloth diapers and Residential Industrial & Commercial Policy Education Outreach ZERO WASTE NYC Policy Education Apply recycling laws to composting after 100 day phase-in Recycling laws remain the same we should be able to recycle anywhere it's not just about paper, glass, and plastic anymore... and almost anything there are so many recyclables I bet you'd throw out... did you know you could recycle... Benefits 1. Reduction in the amont of waste going to landfillls and incinerators. 2. Compost can be used to replace or reduce the use of industrial fertilizers, which are very harmful to the environment.
3. NYC waste can become a financial asset rather than a burden. matresses car seat and cars bicycles candle wax bubble wrap corks cooking oil/grease carpets yoga mats x-rays bathtubs tennis balls dry cleaning bags aluminum foil antifreeze coat hangers leaves grills and refrigerators christmas trees medications shoes Don't feel bad... NYC's current recycling system doesn't make it that easy for us to recycle... but, a zero waste policy would but you've thrown these things out before, haven't you? ok, I think you get it you can recycle so many random things... Work with non-profits Regulate private companies and provide tax breaks Have all information publicly accessible Hold business recycling/composting classes with recycling and composting bins in restaurants and public spaces on more street corners in parks and tourist-packed areas in the workplace and schools by every residential building but how do we get people and businesses to recycle? 4. Laws enforcing mandatory composting in all sectors of waste (industrial, residential, and commercial). Green Engineering http://www.chemeqtechnologies.com/ What is green engineering? The EPA defines green engineering as "the design, commercialization, and use of processes and products, which are feasible and economical while minimizizing 1) generation of pollution at the source and 2) risk to human health and the environment. 1. Reduction of waste byproducts created in the manufacturing of goods. 2. The products created will be as recycleable and biodegradable as possible. How can these ideas be applied to New York City? 1. Put in place laws or incentives to make NYC's manufacturing switch to Green Engineering. http://madphilosopher.ca/category/china/ 2. Encourage the use of products that follow green engineering principles, while discoraging the use of those that violate them. http://www.flickr.com/photos/dotpolka/249129144/sizes/m/in/photostream/ San Francisco's Styrofoam Ban Targeted durability, not immortality, should be a design goal According to the

2004-05 NYC Waste Characterization Study

annualized composition of
Residential Waste... NYC's history of trash is a complex one. Some debate whether it is really an 'evolution' of waste managment. By the 1960s, one-third of the city’s trash was burned in over 17,000 apartment building incinerators and 22 municipal incinerators. In 1947 however, there was a "temporary" opening of a landfill in Freshkills Park, Staten Island. By the late 1990s, all of the city’s residential waste ended up at Freshkills as incinerators "grew out of phase" and the last functional one in the city closed in 1992. Freshkills: 50 years later... had become a disaster. The legality of how it was treated was heavily debated in court, and the environmental impact was horrid. After its closure, the financial strain caused by waste management reached $1billion due to the city's export of 100% of its trash. Sixty-five percent of NYC trash goes to landfills, half of which will close within 5 years. Every pound of non-recycled municipally collected trash is taken out of the city — about 15% of it to Newark’s incinerators Zero Waste NYC REDUCE REUSE Recycle waste prevention source reduction = waste prevention waste reduction composting is a form of recycling San Francisco as an example compostables makes up about 35% of our waste There are only 15 composting centers in NYC Inconvenient mandatory recycling law Sorting occurs at the source more efficient waste reduction San Francisco plans to recycle 90% of its waste by 2020 We can do this too! Incentives to recycle Fines Education Collection Incinerators Landfills Future Non-Recyclable Waste Disposal Methods 30% of waste becomes toxic ash Technology utilized in Europe is far cleaner with improved filters Improved Liner Technology How does this apply to zero waste? Utilization of Bioremediation Togther, we can achieve Market User Repeat user Some Many Few potential Visitor (cc) photo by twicepix on Flickr (cc) photo by tudor on Flickr
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