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Mesoamerican Trade Route

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Ivy Ly

on 1 December 2014

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Transcript of Mesoamerican Trade Route

Mesoamerica
Most of the civilizations in Mesoamerica relied on long-distance trade.
The region was very vast, so many areas specialized on a skill and traded for necessary items.
The societies in Mesoamerica include the Toltecs, Olmecs, Aztecs, and Mayans.
Economic Exchanges
Cultural Exchanges
Expansion of Trade Through
Geographic & Climatic Features
Mesoamerican Trade Route
By: Georgianna Chan, Susan Lam, Sharon Lee, Ivy Ly, & Kelly Tam
Period 5
Commercial Practices
in Mesoamerica
maize
Question
Bibliography
Cultivated Crops/Plants
The Aztecs had markets that were set up periodically in each community
Subjects paid tribute that was redistributed by the government
Most trade was done as barter, but sometimes used cacao beans and gold dust as currency
The pochteca controlled the market in Tlatelolco
The Incas did not encourage trade and state regulated production and surplus
The Mayans encouraged trade by using Tikal and other major cities as trade centers; Used cacao beans and bartered
Most of the civilizations built trade routes without the aid of the wheel or large domesticated animals
Commercial Practices
Bibliography
Question Time!
Which city was a major trading center in the Mayan society?
A) Tlatelolco
B) Toltec
C) Tikal
D) Teotihuacan
E) Tical
C) Tikal!!!!!
"Alluvial Gold Dust." Alluvial Gold Dust. Accessed October 27, 2014.
"Birds I Love." Pinterest. Accessed October 27, 2014.
"Mesoamerica." : Mayan Trade and Economy. Accessed October 27, 2014.
"Raw Organic Cacao | Cacao Beans | Cacao | Bali Cacao." Raw Organic Cacao | Cacao Beans | Cacao | Bail Cacao. Accessed October 27, 2014.
Stearns, Peter N. . 4th Ed., AP* ed. New York: Pearson Longman, 2006.

World Civilizations
ANSWER:
Stearns, Peter N.
World Civilizations
. 4th Ed., AP* ed. New York: Pearson Longman, 2006. 244-248.
Architecture
: stepped pyramids, grand palaces, ball courts
Art
: sculptures (colossal heads & human and animal figures), stele, paintings (murals and pottery decoration)
Religion
: consisted of deities: gods of fertility, gods of creation, & gods of warfare and sacrifice
Other
: ball game (Ōllamaliztl), writing systems(glyphs,pictographs & hieroglyphs)

Stele
Stepped Pyramid
Grand Palace
Ball Court
Colossal Heads
chili pepper
squashes
avocados
gourds
tomatoes
Domesticated Animals
turkeys
barkless dogs
Gem Exchanged
obsidian
- knives/axes
traded in exchange for jade, basalt, ceramics (pottery), and (rare) animal skin.
*cacao beans
cotton
fish
Why weren't there any large domesticated animals?
Because in early Americas, large animals were scarce & couldn't adapt to climate; overhunting - extinction
Technical Adaptions
Olmec
Skilled artisans

Excelled in making
pottery
,
celts
,
statues
, and
figurines



Artisans' works were traded for
obsidian
,
serpentine
, and
animal skins
.


Inca
Metal Working:
-Gold
-Silver
-Copper
-Bronze
Tools:

improved and mitigated agriculture
More Complex Agriculture System
More Crops to Trade, Larger Variety of Crops
Aztec
Chinampas
-All crops were irrigated
-Allowed for more production
-More crops = More trade
Question:
How did metallurgy in the Inca civilization differ from metallurgy of other civilizations?
The Incas lacked iron-working.
Answer
Sources
Stearns, Peter N.
World Civilizations
. 4th Ed., AP* ed. New York: Pearson Longman, 2006.
Minster, Christopher. "Ancient Olmec Trade and Economy." AboutEducation, <http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/The_Olmec/p/Ancient-Olmec-Trade-And-Economy.htm> (19 October 2014).
- Rain forest in the Highlands does not permit easy trade, so most trade was to North to South
- The topography of the area was split with the Highlands and the Lowlands
- The Highlands were the source of jade, obsidian, and other precious metals
- The Lowlands grew crops for trade such as maize, squash and beans
Cahokia
Systems of trade resulted in cultural exchanges of ideas that ended up influencing each civilization. The earlier societies(Olmec &Toltec) were the ones to set the main outline of art, architecture, etc.
Connection Points
Examples of Cultural Exchanges
Olmec Figures
Architecture
Art
Maya Mural
Religion
Human Sacrifice
Quetzalcoatl
Bentley, Jerry H. and Ziegler, Herb F.
A Global Perspective on the Past
. 3rd ed. New York: Lyn Uhl, 2006. 134-137.
Bibliography
Other Cultivated Crops/Plants:
beans
Maya Region
- Harbored a minor hardware industry
"Agriculture in Mesoamerica." Wikipedia. Accessed October 27, 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_Mesoamerica.
Maize
founded in Tehuacán Valley of Mexico in 6,000 BC
- Built 120 Earth Mounds
- Estimated population of 40,000 people
traded/spread to much of the Americas and Europe
Cacao (Beans)
consumed by nobles in Mayan society
exotic/luxury goods
Cotton
- Contact between Mesoamerica and the Andes led to parallels in cultural development
founded in Tehuacán, Mexico around 5,800 BC
traded in other parts of Mesoamerica (pacific lowlands)
Essential Humanities. "Mesoamerican Art." Accessed 25 Oct, 2014. http://www.essential-humanities.net/world-art/mesoamerican/.
Evans, C.T. "Mesoamerican Civilization." Accessed on 25 Oct,2014. http://novaonline.nvcc.edu/eli/evans/his111/notes/mesoamerica.html .
McNeill, William Hardy. Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History. Great Barrington, Mass.: Berkshire Pub. Group, 2005.
Stearns, Peter N.
World Civilizations
. 4th Ed., AP* ed. New York: Pearson Longman, 2006. pg.240
*No large animals
traded in Mesoamerica lowlands and the Gulf of Mexico
Cultural exchanges were important because they shaped civilizations.
traded in Mesoamerican lowlands
Other
traded in Mesoamerican coastal areas
traded in Central Mexico and Guatemalan highlands
Glyphs
Ōllamaliztl
QUESTION TIME
came to the Gulf coast of distant regions in interior Mesoamerica
Do you think that cultural exchanges were important/necessary? Explain why or why not. Quote details from previous notes.
Some Possible Responses
Yes, they are important because they shaped civilization and allowed for Mesoamerica to be united as one with their similar forms of art, architecture, and religion.
No, cultural exchanges were not important because a Mesoamerican civilization would probably still be able to survive without the ideas of past or nearby peoples.
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