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Transcript of Abnormal Psychology
: a “harmful dysfunction” in which behavior is judged to be atypical, disturbing, maladaptive, and unjustifiable
more important areas of
History of Mental Illness
Causes of Mental Illness
abnormal behavior results from internal conflict in the unconscious stemming from early childhood traumas
abnormal behavior consists of maladaptive responses learned through reinforcement of the wrong kinds of behavior
abnormal behavior results from conditions of worth society places upon the individual, which cause a poor self-concept
sees abnormal behavior as coming from irrational and illogical perceptions and belief systems
consider mental disorders as harmful evolutionary dysfunctions that occur when evolved psychological mechanisms do not perform their naturally selected functions effectively
explains abnormal behavior as the result of neurochemical and/or hormonal imbalances, genetic predispositions, structural damage to the brain, or faulty processing of information in the brain
There are 2 Types
Class of psychological disorders characterized by excessive or inappropriate tension, apprehension, and worry. They were called neuroses in earlier diagnostic manuals.
an irrational or excessive fear of an object or situation
Anxiety disorder in which chronic and persistent symptoms of anxiety develop in response to an extreme physical or psychological trauma
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
repeated episodes of sheer terror (panic attacks)
continually tense and apprehensive
repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and/o
r actions (compulsions)
nagging thoughts, unable to control
repetitive behaviors and rituals.
1. What is the DSM-IV? How do psychologists use it?
2. What are the advantages and disadvantages of categorizing people by the DSM-IV?
3. What are the 6 causes/explanations for
mental illness? Which one do you agree
most with and why?
1. What is anxiety? When is it normal? Abnormal?
2. Give two examples of anxiety disorders.
3. What is a panic attack??
Dissociative and Somatoform Disorders.
class of disorders involving changes in consciousness, memory, or self-identity that fracture the continuity or "wholeness" of an individual’s personality
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID)
characterized by the appearance of multiple personalities in the same individual
multiple personality or split personality
Women tend to have 15+ identities;
Men average around 8
class of psychological disorders involving physical ailments or complaints that cannot be explained by organic causes
Body dysmorphic disorder -
the affected person is excessively concerned about and preoccupied by a perceived defect in his or her physical features (body image).
disorder in which there is unrealistic concern that one’s physical complaints are signs of underlying serious illness
A Different Reality
a severe and chronic psychological disorder characterized by disturbances in thinking, perception, emotions, and behavior
Ever wonder what it's like to experience the world like a schizophrenic?
false sensory perceptions
erroneous beliefs that are maintained even when compelling evidence to the contrary is presented
behavioral deficits associated with schizophrenia such as withdrawal, isolation, or apathy
Incoherent speech, inappropriate mood, hallucinations and delusions.
Make no sense when they talk and act in a very bizarre way that is inappropriate for the situation
Characterized by the appearance of delusional thinking accompanied by frequent auditory hallucinations
Most common subtype of schizophrenia
Characterized by delusions of grandeur, persecution, and reference
subtype characterized by bizarre movements postures, or grimaces
Disordered movement patterns, sometimes immobile stupor, or frenzied and excited behaviors
Sufferers might remain in one position, becoming “statues” with waxy flexibility
A pattern of
behavioral and psychological
significant personal distress,
impairs the ability to function in
Common obsessions: concern with dirt, germs, or toxins; something terrible will happen; symmetry, order, or exactness
Common compulsions: excessive hand washing, tooth brushing, or grooming; repeating rituals; checking doors, locks, appliances, and homework