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WW2 Allies and Opponents.
Transcript of WW2 Allies and Opponents.
By: Camila Orozco, Maria Pardo and Daniela Gómez
1. Introduction to WW2.
2. Causes of WW2.
3. Effects of WW2.
4. Allies and Opponents
5. Countries involved in War.
World War 2:
Includes majority of the world's nations
Widespread War in history.
Involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries.
Causes of WW2:
Treaty of Versailles: 14 points that stated a lot of consequences for Germany because of starting the war. (War Guilt Cause, Reparations 6,600, Disarmament and Territorial Clauses.)
German people was unhappy about the Treaty.
Adolf Hitler chancellor of Germany.
Nonaggression pact: Joseph Stalin and Adolph Hitler.
Germany and The Soviet Union divided Poland.
Hitler wanted to take back all the land that had been taken away from him.
Hitler moved troops to Poland, trying to invade.
September 3, 1939: France and Great Britain declared war on Germany.
European economy collapsed.
Industrial infrastructure had been destroyed.
Consecuences in important countries:
Soviet Union (Russia)
Axis Powers (Opponents):
Countries Involved in War
Germany with their Nazi leader, Adolf Hitler, was the country most responsible for starting the war. After five years of war, Germany had paid the price for starting the conflict as they lay virtually destroyed. They had won early battles but, in the end, World War II had been a disaster for Germany. The war was a fight to the finish and they came up short
The war against Japan provided the Allies with completely new problems as they faced up to an enemy with completely different tactics. With the war at sea liable to have a much bigger effect and much of the war fought from island to island as opposed to mainland Europe or Africa, the nuances of the war on the Pacific Front were hugely different from other theaters of World War Two.
When the United Kingdom (UK) declared war on Nazi Germany at the outset of World War II, it controlled, to varying degrees, many crown colonies, protectorates across the world and the Indian Empire. The UK also maintained unique political ties to four independent dominions: Australia, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand. The fifth dominion at the time, Ireland, remained neutral throughout the war.
In August 1939, at Stalin's direction, the Soviet Union entered into a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany, containing a secret protocol, dividing the whole of eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. Thereafter, Germany and the Soviet Union invaded their apportioned sections of Poland. The Soviet Union later invaded Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and part of Romania, along with an attempted invasion of Finland. Stalin and Hitler later traded proposals for a Soviet entry into the Axis Pact.
During the first two years of the global conflict, the United States had maintained formal neutrality, while supplying Britain, the Soviet Union, and China with war material through Lend-Lease which was signed into law on March 11, 1941, as well as deploying the U.S. military to replace the British invasion forces in Iceland. During the war, over 16 million Americans served in the United States Armed Forces, with 290,000 killed in action and 670,000 wounded.
Australia entered World War II shortly after the invasion of Poland, declaring war on Germany on 3 September 1939. By the end of the war, almost a million Australians had served in the armed forces, whose military units fought primarily in the European theatre, North African campaign, and the South West Pacific theatre. Enemy action during the war were 27,073 killed and 23,477 wounded.
Despite being neutral at the start of World War II, Belgium and her colonial possessions found themselves at war after the country was invaded by German forces on 10 May 1940. After 18 days of fighting in which Belgian forces were pushed back into a small pocket in the north-east of the country, the Belgian military surrendered to the Germans, beginning an occupation that would endure until 1944. Nearly 25,000 were killed.
During World War II, Hungary was a member of the Axis powers. In the 1930s, the Kingdom of Hungary relied on increased trade with Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany to pull itself out of the Great Depression. By 1938, Hungarian politics and foreign policy had become more stridently nationalistic. Hungary benefited territorially from its relationship with the Axis. Settlements were negotiated regarding territorial disputes with the Czechoslovak Republic, the Slovak Republic, and the Kingdom of Romania. In 1940, under pressure from Germany, Hungary joined the Axis. In 1941, Hungarian forces participated in the invasion of Yugoslavia and the invasion of the Soviet Union. Approximately 300,000 Hungarian soldiers and more than 600,000 civilians died during World War II, including among them at least 450,000 Jews.
After Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, France declared War.
France's war against Germany did not last long. On June 22, 1940, France surrendered to Germany.
The Allies pushed eastward through France towards Germany. In August, Allied troops also landed in the South of France.
By the end of the war, about 350,000 French soldiers had been killed, and almost a half million French civilians had died.
Brazil was under the dictatorship of Getúlio Vargas and maintained its neutrality until August 1942.
German submarine attacks against Brazilian ships between February and August that year in the Atlantic Ocean.
In response, the Brazilian government, pressured by a population sided with the Allies, declared war against Germany and Italy on 22 of August 1942.
Germany was defeated in World War I and they were forced to pay heavy reparations to the victors. Their economy could not take the pressure and it fell apart. Severe inflation and depression followed. As a result of the Treaty of Versailles (the official end of World War 1) and the economic disasters that followed, the German people became very resentful towards the victors of World War 1, namely France and Great Britain. Additionally, virtually all of Germany's leaders fought in World War 1 and many were wounded and they all felt betrayed. They were eager for revenge.
When Germany invaded Poland in 1939, Italy was in no way ready for an offensive war. However Mussolini desperately wanted to participate in the redrawing of the map of Europe and so overlooked the state of Italy's military-industrial complex in order to feed his ego. Italian industrial power was a mere fraction of that of Britain, France or Germany and was not ready to produce the guns, ammunition, artillery, tanks, and trucks on the scale that was needed. At the beginning of the Italian entry into the war, its forces were equipped more in line with the First World War rather than the Second.
The Republic of China had been fighting Japan intermittently since the 1931 Mukden Incident (dynamite), when Japan annexed Manchuria.
On 7 July 1937, the Marco Polo Bridge Incident (battle against armies) led the two countries to full-scale war.
While China had rather warm relations with Germany, following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, China formally joined the Allies and declared war on Germany on 9 December 1941.
China suffered a large death toll from the war, both military and civilian.
The Chinese Nationalist army suffered some 3.2 million deaths, and 17 million civilians died in the crossfire.
Poland suffered an attack by Nazi Germany and later by the USSR.
Poland was the only German-occupied country that never had no official collaboration with the Nazis.
The Polish Resistance Movement was the largest anti-Nazi resistance in the whole Nazi-occupied Europe, and the only non-Communist resistance among the Slavic countries.
The Polish-Jewish community was mostly exterminated in the Holocaust in Nazi-occupied Poland, while Poles themselves were considered to be a threat to the "German race", and were classificated as "subhumans".
Millions of Poles were sent to concentration camps or were killed in other fashions in occupied Poland.
90% of the population was killed and the other 10% managed to scape or hide from the massacre.
Denmark officially remained neutral from the outbreak of the war.
It was invaded without declaration of war as part of Operation Weserübung and occupied by Germany on 9 April 1940, after being overwhelmed in a few hours of fighting.
On 10 May 1940, the British invaded the Danish islands of Iceland and the Faroe Islands.
On 4 May 1945, German forces in Denmark surrendered to the British army.