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Transcript of Liberals
Is a political philosophy or worldview founded on ideas of liberty and equality first became a distinct political movement during the Age of Enlightenment.
What is liberalism?
Liberal is the party of freedom , whose doctrinal expression is political liberalism.
The origin of this expression is the name they gave theirself to the group of deputies of the Cortes of Cadiz that although opposed to the Napoleonic invasion.
Generally they support ideas and programs such as freedom of speech, freedom of the press,freedom of religion, free markets, civil rights, democratic societies, secular governments, and international cooperation.
Types of liberalism
Liberals opposed traditional conservatism and sought to replace absolutism in government with representative democracy and the rule of law, they used liberal philosophy to justify the armed overthrow of what they saw as tyrannical rule.
The 17th-century philosopher John Locke is often credited with founding liberalism as a distinct philosophical tradition. Locke argued that each man has a natural right to life, liberty and property.
Some types of liberalism are:
• Classical liberalism;
a political or social philosophy advocating the freedom of the individual, parliamentary systems of government.
a variant of liberalism, combining liberal values and policies with conservative stances, or, more simply, representing the right-wing of the liberal movement.
• Economic liberalism
; the ideological belief in organizing the economy on individualist lines, such that the greatest possible number of economic decisions are made by private individuals and not by collective institutions.
• Social liberalism;
the belief that liberalism should include social justice and that the legitimate role of the state includes addressing issues such as unemployment, health care, education, and the expansion of civil rights.
• Liberal democracy; a form of government based on limited majority rule
Today, liberal parties continue to wield power and influence throughout the world.